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Culture

QuestionAnswer
Acculturation The process of adjustment to the dominant culture. but still maintain major elements of their own culture
Assimilation The process of giving up ALL or MOST of the cultural traditions and adopting the social customs of the dominant culture of a place.
Built environment The man-made surroundings that provide the setting for human activity, ranging in scale from personal shelter to neighborhoods to large cities
Centrifugal forces A cultural value that tends to pull people apart
Centripetal forces A cultural value that tends to unify people
Cultural artifacts Anything created by humans which gives information about the culture of its creator and users. (Think about the cultural artifact assignment.)
Cultural convergence Cultural convergence is the theory that two cultures will be more and more like each other as their interactions increase. Basically, the more that cultures interact, the more that their values, behaviors, arts, and customs will start to reflect each other. This is because of improved transportation and communication
Cultural divergence is the tendency for cultures to become dissimilar over time.
Cultural hearth The area in which a unique culture or specific trait develops/originates .
Cultural landscape The visible imprint of human activity and culture on the landscape (built environment)
Cultural relativism The ability to understand a culture on its own terms and not to make judgements using the standards of one's own culture. The goal of this is promote understanding of cultural practices that are not typically part of one's own culture.
Culture The enduring behaviors, ideas attitudes, and traditions shared by a large group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next
Custom The frequent repetition of an act, to the extent that it becomes characteristic of the group of people performing the act.
Ethnic enclave A place with a high concentration of an ethnic group that is distinct from those in the surrounding area (China Town, San Francisco)
Ethnocentrism A belief in the superiority of one's own ethnic group
Folk culture Culture traditionally practiced by a small, HOMOGENEOUS, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups.
Globalization Actions or processes that involve the entire world and result in making something worldwide in scope.
Habit A repetitive act performed by an INDIVIDUAL
Indigenous people Native to a particular region (Native Americans)
Mentifacts Language, religion, artistic pursuits, folk stories, myths that make up the non-material aspects of a culture.
Multiculturalism The coexistence of several cultures in one society, with the ideal of all cultures being valued and worth of study. (U.S.A)
Nativism Favoring the interests of native-born people over foreign-born people
Placelessness Loss of uniqueness in a place (think uniform landscape)
Popular culture Culture found in a large, HETEROGENEOUS society that shares certain habits despite differences in other personal characteristics.
Postmodern architecture Combines traditional and contemporary influences
Traditional architecture Buildings use building materials available and reflect social/environmental customs of the people (EX log cabins)
Sense of place The special perception we have a certain place based on our feelings, emotions, and associations with that place.
Sequent occupancy The notion that successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place, each contributing to the cumulative cultural landscape.
Sociofacts The education and political institutions, religious organizations, family structure, etc. That make up the non-material aspects of a culture
Syncretism The birth of a new culture trait from blending two or more cultural traits
Taboo A restriction on behavior imposed by social custom.
Transculturation When an equal exchange of traits or influence between two culture groups occurs
Uniform landscape The spatial expression of a popular custom in one location that will be similar to another (McDonald's world wide)
Toponyms Place names
Cultural practices The social activities and interactions-ranging from religious rituals to food preferences to clothing that collectively distinguish group identity.
Cultural beliefs The predominant beliefs in a culture about right and wrong, what is most important in life, and how life should be lived. May also include beliefs about where and how life originated and what happens after death.
Diffusion The process of spread of a feature or trend from one place to another over time
Placemaking The deliberate shaping of an environment to facilitate social interaction and improve a community's quality of life (Think parks)
Created by: Ajsteele
Popular AP Human Geography sets

 

 



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