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Respiratory Final

What is the Tidal volume? 500 mL- Amount of air inhaled and exhaled in normal respiration
What is Residual volume? 1200 Ml- amount of air remaining in lung after maximum exhalation
What is vital capacity? 4800 mL- maximum amount of air exhaled after maximum inspiration
What is total lung capacity? 6000 mL- amount of air in lungs after maximum inspiration
What is the function the respiratory system? Pick up Oxygen and drop off CO2
What are divided passageways lined with cilia and membrane? Nose
What is extended out from nose- become infected commonly nasal cavity
What are hollow areas in skull bones? Sinus
What is responsible for sense of smell? Olfactory cells
What connects the pharynx to the middle ear? Eustachian tube
What is the medical terminology for windpipe? Trachea
What is the organ of speech? Larynx
Sound is produced by air going over the what? Vocal chords
What structure covers the glottis? Epiglottis
If aspiration occurs, food/liquids enters the? Instead of the? Trachea. Esophagus
What are the initial two branches of trachea? Bronchi
What enters/leaves at the hilus of the lungs? Blood vessels/ Nerves/ Bronchi
What are the parts of the lung? Bronchial tubes, bronchioles, aleveolis, treminal bronchioles
What are the parts of the URI? Trachea, bronchi, larynx, nose, nasal cavity, pharynx
Trace from the nose to alveoli? Nose, pharynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchial tree, bronchioles, aveoli
What is pulomonary exchange? Blood drops off CO2 and picks up 02
What is systemic exchange? Blood drops off 02 to tissues, picks up co2
What is the space between the two lungs? Mediastinum
What is the inner lining of the lung? Visceral pleura
What is the SAC enclosing the lung? Perital pleura
Why are URIs spread so quickly and easily? Airborne
Describe automatic respiration When CO2 level goes up and O2 level goes down that stimulates the medulla to stimulate the phrenic nerve, the phrenic nerve then cause the diaphragm to contract causing respiration
What conditions could cause the alveoli to become thing, dilated, useless? And has symptoms of barrel chest and clubbed fingers? COPD, including asthma
Which condition causes swelling to the trachea, wheezing and dyspnea- especially with exhalation Asthma
What condition of the lung and aleoli is infectious, viral or bacterial with presence of exudate pneumonia
What is exudate? thick and sticky
What is extremely communicable caused by tubercule bacillus? Tuberculosis
What cases irregularly fast, slow, shallow, deep respiration with 20 second period of apnea; which precedes death Cheyne-stokes respiration
URI sometimes causing GI upset, always viral Influenza
What is the other name for whopping cough? Pertussis
Define pneuothorax Air in thoracic cavity
Define atelectasis collapsed lung
Define empyema pus in pleural cavity
What is thickening and inflammation of pleural fluid and pleaural sac? Pleurisy
Define rales rattling
Define coryza Common cold
What is hyperpnea? Deep/ fast breathing
Created by: lecopple1