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MT Short Course Ch 2

Organization of the Body - Divisions and roots

circulatory system heart, blood, blood vessels to circulate blood to transport oxygen, nutrients, etc.
lymphatic system lymph vessels and nodes. Delivers lymph fluids pertains highly to immunity
digestive system from mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestines, large intestines, gallbladder, liver, to anus. Processes food.
endocrine system composed of glands that send chemical messengers (hormones) into the blood to act on other glands and organs. eg. pituitary, thyroid, pancreas, adrenal, etc.
reproductive system produces cells that join to form the embryo. Male: testis Female: ovary
musculoskeletal system bones, ligaments, tendons, muscles to allow the body to move
nervous system brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves carries electrical messages
respiratory system trachea, bronchi, lungs controls breathing
skin and sense organs receive messages from the environment and deliver to the brain
urinary system kidney, ureters, bladder, urethra - filters and excretes urine
cranial cavity contains brain, pituitary gland - in the skull
spinal cavity contains spinal cord
thoracic cavity in the chest contains heart and lungs
abdominal cavity below the diaphragm contains stomach, liver, gallbladder, intestines
pelvic cavity below abdominal cavity contains bladder, uterus in females, rectum and anus
cervical spine neck region - 7 bones (remember breakfast at 7)
thoracic spine chest region - 12 bones (remember lunch at 12)
lumbar spine loin or waist region - 5 bones (remember supper at 5)
sacrum or sacral 5 fused bones
coccyx tailbone - 4 fused bones
frontal plane up and down division creating front and back portions
sagittal (lateral) plane up and down division creating right and left portions (if midsagittal - equal portions)
transverse plane (axial) horizontal division creating top and bottom portions
abdomin/o abdomen
anter/o front
bronch/o bronchial tubes (leads from windpipe to lungs)
cervic/o neck of the body or neck of the cervix(uterus)
chondro/o cartilage
coccyx/o coccyx, tailbone
crani/o skull
epitheli/o skin, surface tissue
esophag/o esophagus (tube from throat to stomach)
hepat/o liver
lapar/o abdomen
laryng/o larynx
later/o side
lumb/o loin (waist)
lymph/o lymph (clear tissue spaces and lymph vessels)
mediastin/o mediastinum (space between the lungs)
pelv/o pelvis (bones of the hip)
peritone/o peritoneum (membrane surrounding the abdomen)
pharyng/o pharynx (throat)
pleur/o pleura (covering around the lungs)
poster/o back, behind
sacr/o sacrum (fives fused bone in the low back)
spin/o spine (backbone)
thorac/o chest
trache/o trachea (windpipe)
vertebr/o vertabra (bone of the backbone)
Regions (9) Right hypochondriac; epigastric; left hypochondriac; right lumbar; umbilical; left lumbar; right inguinal; hypogastric; left inguinal
Quadrants (4) RUQ; LUQ; RLQ; LLQ
Created by: cskinner