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MT Short Course Ch 1

Basic Word Structure - roots and rules

QuestionAnswer
Root word Primary term gives the essential meaning
Suffix Word part at end
Prefix Word part at beginning
Combining vowel 'O' is frequently shown as the combining vowel at the end of the root word. This is dropped when the suffix also begins with a vowel.
Word analysis process Begin at the end of the word then move to the beginning and across eg. gastr/o enter/o logy = study of stomach and intestines
aden/o gland
arthr/o joint
bi/o life
carcin/o cancer
cardi/o heart
cephal/o head
cerebr/o cerebrum (largest part of the brain)
cyst/o urinary bladder
cyt/o cell
derm/o dermat/o skin
electr/o electricity
encephal/o brain
enter/o intestines (often referring to the small intestine)
erythr/o red
gastr/o stomach
gnos/o knowledge
gynec/o woman, female
hem/o hemat/o blood
hepat/o liver
singular to pleural 'a' changes to Pleural 'ae'
singular to pleural 'is' changes to Pleural 'es'
singular to pleural 'ex' or 'ix' changes to Pleural 'ces' or 'ices'
singular to pleural 'on' changes to Pleural 'ia'
singular to pleural 'um' changes to Pleural 'a'
singular to pleural 'us' changes to Pleural 'i'
lapar/o abdomen
leuk/o white
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
onc/o tumor
ophthalm/o eye
oste/o bone
path/o disease
psych/o mind
ren/o kidney
rhin/o nose
sarc/o flesh
thromb/o clotting
Created by: cskinner