Normal Size Small Size show me how
Vocabulary for the Three Major Monotheistic Religions
|Founder of Judaism
|Major historical figure in Judaism. He led the Hebrews out of slavery in Egypt.
|Place of worship in Judaism
|Synagogue or temple
|Most important holy text in Judaism
|One of the High Holy Days of Judaism. It celebrates the begining of the Jewish year.
|One of the High Holy Days of Judaism. It is the "Day of Atonement". Jewish people fast all day on this holiday.
|Jewish people believe God told Abraham to leave Mesopotamia and travel west to this place.
|Generally viewed as the most important part of the law in the Torah
|The Ten Commandments
|Oldest of the three major monotheistic religions
|Founder of Christianity
|Major holiday of Christianity. This holiday celebrates the birth of Jesus.
|Major holiday of Christianity. This holiday celebrates the resurrection of Jesus.
|Place of worship in Christianity
|Holy text of Christianity
|The Bible (Old and New Testaments)
|Middle of the Three Monotheistic religions in age
|Christian belief the Jesus was raised from the dead
|Founder of Islam
|The holy text of Islam
|Koran or Qur'an
|The Five Pillars of Faith (Islam)
|Statement of faith, prayer 5 times a day, giving to the poor, fasting during Ramadan, Pilgrimage to Mecca (Hajj)
|Birthplace of Muhammad, it is the most important holy city in Islam
|The region of Southwest Asia where Islam was founded
|The Arabian Peninsula
|The two main branches of Islam
|Sunni and Shia
|The holy month in Islam. During this month Muslims fast during the daytime.
|Youngest of the three monotheistic religions in age
|The Muslim word for God. It literally translates into English as "the God."
|Place of worship for Muslims
|The scattering of Jewish people outside of Israel and Judah.
|The agreement that Jewish people believe God made with Abraham to make him into a great nation and give his descendants Canaan.
|Hatred and persecution of the Jewish people
|The belief in only one God
|Dispute over who would be leader after Mohammad died
|The reason for the Sunni and Shia split
|The Hebrew Bible
|This group believed the the Muslim community should choose the best person to be leader after Muhammad died
|This group believed that a relative of Muhammad needed to be the leader of Islam
|Shia or Shiites