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Monotheism Terms

Vocabulary for the Three Major Monotheistic Religions

Founder of Judaism Abraham
Major historical figure in Judaism. He led the Hebrews out of slavery in Egypt. Moses
Place of worship in Judaism Synagogue or temple
Most important holy text in Judaism Torah
One of the High Holy Days of Judaism. It celebrates the begining of the Jewish year. Rosh Hashanah
One of the High Holy Days of Judaism. It is the "Day of Atonement". Jewish people fast all day on this holiday. Yom Kippur
Jewish people believe God told Abraham to leave Mesopotamia and travel west to this place. Canaan
Generally viewed as the most important part of the law in the Torah The Ten Commandments
Oldest of the three major monotheistic religions Judaism
Founder of Christianity Jesus
Major holiday of Christianity. This holiday celebrates the birth of Jesus. Christmas
Major holiday of Christianity. This holiday celebrates the resurrection of Jesus. Easter
Place of worship in Christianity Church
Holy text of Christianity The Bible (Old and New Testaments)
Middle of the Three Monotheistic religions in age Christianity
Christian belief the Jesus was raised from the dead Resurrection
Founder of Islam Muhammad
The holy text of Islam Koran or Qur'an
The Five Pillars of Faith (Islam) Statement of faith, prayer 5 times a day, giving to the poor, fasting during Ramadan, Pilgrimage to Mecca (Hajj)
Birthplace of Muhammad, it is the most important holy city in Islam Mecca
The region of Southwest Asia where Islam was founded The Arabian Peninsula
The two main branches of Islam Sunni and Shia
The holy month in Islam. During this month Muslims fast during the daytime. Ramadan
Youngest of the three monotheistic religions in age Islam
The Muslim word for God. It literally translates into English as "the God." Allah
Place of worship for Muslims Mosque
The scattering of Jewish people outside of Israel and Judah. Diaspora
The agreement that Jewish people believe God made with Abraham to make him into a great nation and give his descendants Canaan. Covenant
Hatred and persecution of the Jewish people Antisemitism
The belief in only one God Monotheism
Dispute over who would be leader after Mohammad died The reason for the Sunni and Shia split
The Hebrew Bible Tanakh
This group believed the the Muslim community should choose the best person to be leader after Muhammad died Sunni
This group believed that a relative of Muhammad needed to be the leader of Islam Shia or Shiites
Created by: Shaver
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