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General

Medical Terminology

QuestionAnswer
carp/o carpus
femor/o femur
lumb/o lower back
humer/o humerus
phalang/o phalanges
muscul/o my/o muscle
stern/o sternum
arthr/o articul/o joint
ten/o tend/o tendin/o tendon
tibi/o tibia
thorac/o thorax
orth/o straight
chondr/o cartilage
myel/o spinal cord, bone marrow
myc/o fungus
necr/o dead
cyan/o blue
cyt/o cell
pil/o trich/o hair
adip/o lip/o steat/o fat
xer/o dry
cutane/o derm/o dermat/o skin
melan/o black
albin/o leuk/o white
cirrh/o xanth/o yellow
phas/o speech
cerebell/o cerebellum
neur/o nerve
spin/o spine
later/o lateral (away from the midline, toward the side)
infer/o inferior (beneath or nearer to the feet)
gli/o glue, gluelike
cerebr/o encephal/o brain
mening/o meningi/o meninges
poster/o posterior (toward or near the back; dorsal)
medi/o medial (toward the midline; nearer to the middle)
anter/o anterior (toward or near the front; ventral)
onych/o nail
super/o superior (above or nearer to the head)
col/o colon/o colon
enter/o small intestine
lapar/o abdomen
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
proct/o rectum, anus
jejun/o jejunum
ile/o ileum
append/o appendic/o appendix
gloss/o lingu/o tongue
esophag/o esophagus
hepat/o liver
duoden/o duodenum
cholcyst/o gallbladder
gastr/o stomach
dent/o odont/o teeth
phag/o eating, swallowing
an/o anus
rect/o rectum
pept/o digestion
pylor/o pylorus
alveol/o alveoli
lob/o lobe
bronchiol/o bronchiole
trache/o trachea
carcin/o cancer, carcinoma
are/o air
muc/o mucus
sinus/o sinus
pneum/o pneumon/o air, lung
nas/o rhin/o nose
bronch/o bronchi/o bronchus
laryng/o larynx
cost/o ribs
diaphragmat/o diaphragm
ox/i ox/o oxygen
epiglott/o epiglottis
pleur/o pleura
pulmon/o lung
or/o stomat/o mouth, mouthlike opening
pharyng/o pharynx
balan/o glans penis
pyel/o renal pelvis
glomerul/o glomerulus
urethr/o urethra
ur/o urin/o urine
ureter/o ureter
nephr/o ren/o kidney
cyst/o vesic/o bladder
noct/o night
lith/o stone
py/o pus
olig/o deficiency
galact/o lact/o milk
orch/o orchi/o orchid/o test/o testicu/o testis
prostat/o prostate
andr/o male
cervic/o cervix, neck
episi/o vulv/o vulva
colp/o vagin/o vagina
gynec/o woman, female
mamm/o mast/o breast
oophor/o ovari/o ovary
nat/o birth
semin/o sperm/o spermat/o sperm
hyster/o metr/o uter/o uterus
phleb/o ven/o vein
angi/o vas/o vessel
aort/o aorta
atri/o atria
electr/o electricity
valv/o valvul/o valve
arteri/o artery
ather/o thick, fatty
cardi/o coron/o heart
thromb/o thrombus (clot)
hem/o hemat/o blood
ventricul/o ventricle
lymphaden/o lymph gland
tonsill/o tonsil
bacteri/o bacteria
path/o disease
lymph/o lymph
splen/o spleen
thyr/o thyroid/o thyroid
thym/o thymus gland
hydr/o water
pancreat/o pancreas
gluc/o glucos/o glyc/o glycos/o sugar, glucose, sweet
scler/o hardening, sclera
corne/o kerat/o keratinized tissue, cornea
salping/o tube (fallopian or eustachian)
blephar/o eyelid
retin/o retina
myring/o tympan/o tympanic membrane (eardrum)
to/o ear
acous/o audi/o hearing
ocul/o optic/o ophthalm/o eye
dipl/o double
patell/a patell/o patella
calc/o calcium
metacarp/o metacarpus
oste/o bone
tox/o toxic/o poison, toxin
aden/o gland
adren/o adrenal/o adrenal gland
parathyroid/o parathyroid gland
natr/o sodium
kal/i potassium
lamin/o lamina
vertebr/o spondyl/o vertebrae
pelv/i pelvis
crani/o cranium
fibul/o fibula
brady- slow
inter- between
para- peri- beside, near
dia- trans- through, across
hyper- super- supra- excessive, above
neo- new
en- end- endo- in- intra- in, within, inner
iso- same, equal
ab- away from
a- an- in- without, not, absence of
multi- poly- many, much
anti- contra- against, opposite
epi- above, upon
oligo- deficiency
uni- mono- one, single
tri- three
pre- before
eso- inward
macro- large
eu- good, normal
dys- bad, painful, difficult
circum- around
hemi- semi- half
hypo- sub- infra- below, beneath
ambi- both, both sides, around, about
mal- bad, inadequate
bi- di- two
pro- before, forward
ex- exo- extra- away from, outside, external
tachy- rapid
quadri- tetra- four
tox- poison, toxin
micro- small
auto- self
re- retro- behind, back
ad- toward
ultra- beyond
post- after, following
ec- ecto- out, outside
-stenosis narrowing, stricture
-ptosis drooping, prolapse
-scope viewing instrument
-meter measuring instrument
-salpinx uterine (fallopian) tube
-uria urine
-stomy mouthlike opening
-lysis destruction
-edema swelling
-osis abnormal condition
-iasis pathological condition or state
-ectasis dilation, expansion
-phoria feeling
-tomy cutting into, incision
-oid resembling
-malacia softening
-itis inflammation
-phonia voice
-phobia fear
-metry measurement
-lith stone
-phasia speech
-tripsy crushing
-rrhage -rrhagia bursting forth
-opia -opsia -opsis -opsy vision, view of
-partum -tocia childbirth, labor
-pause -stasis cessation, stopping
-derma skin
-kinesia -kinesis movement
-iatrist -ician -ist -logist -ologist specialist, specialist in the study of
-gram record
-acusia -acusis -cusis hearing
-ia -ism condition
-paresis slight or partial paralysis
-dipsia thirst
-cyte -cytic cell
-graph recording instrument
-clasis -clast to break
-pepsia digestion
-algesia -algesic -algia -dynia pain
-ectomy excision, surgical removal
-thorax chest
-tome cutting instrument
-pexy surgical fixation
-ole -ule small
-rrhaphy suture, suturing
-oxia oxygen
-cidal -cide destroying, killing
-plegia paralysis
-graphy process of recording
-pnea breathing
-static not in motion, at rest
-plasty surgical repair
-megaly enlargement
-plasia -plasm formation, growth
-emesis vomiting
-oma tumor
-penia deficiency
-pathy disease
-centesis surgical puncture
-esthesia sensation
-emia a condition of the blood
-phage -phagia eating, swallowing
-cele hernia
-gen -genesis -genic -genous creating, producing
-lepsy -leptic seizure
-gravida pregnant woman
-rrhexis rupture
-therapy treatment
-rrhea flow, discharge
-ac -al -ar -ary -eal -ial -ic -ical -ory -ous -tic -tous pertaining to
-trophy nourishment, growth
-osmia smell, odor
-scopy visual examination
FH family history
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
ABGs arterial blood gases
Sx symptom(s)
IV intravenous
SubQ/Sub-Q/SC subcutaneous
OTC over the counter
ID intradermal (injection)
I&D incision and drainage
PE physical examination
Tx treatment
Bx biopsy
ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig disease)
CT computed tomography
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
EEG electroencephalography
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
MS multiple sclerosis
LP lumbar puncture
CVA cerebrovascular accident (stroke, brain attack)
PNS peripheral nervous system
PCP Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
CO2 carbon dioxide
HTN hypertension
q2h every two hours
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CNS central nervous system
bid twice a day
qam every morning
qid four times a day
tid three times a day
qh every hour
MI myocardial infarction
ROM range of motion
CHF congestive heart failure
LA left atrium
ECG/EKG electrocardiogram
PTT partial thromboplastin time
BP blood pressure
LV left ventricle
INR international normalized ratio
ASHD arteriosclerotic heart disease
CABG coronary artery bypass graft
PTCA percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
RA right atrium
PUD PEPTIC ULCER DISEASE
ś WITHOUT
SBO SMALL BOWEL OBSTRUCTION
UGI UPPER GI X-RAY
VS VITAL SIGNS
IBS IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME
LFT LIVER FUNCTION TEST
N & V NAUSEA AND VOMITING
NG NASOGASTRIC
NPO NOTHING BY MOUTH
PO BY MOUTH
PR PER RECTUM
EGD ESOPHAGOGASTRIODUODENOSCOPY
ERCP ENDOSCOPIC RETROGRADE CHOLANGIOPANCREATOGRAPH
GERD GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE
GI GASTROINTESTINAL
h, hr HOUR
IBD INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE
Abd abdomen
BM bowel movement
BR bedrest
BRP bathroom privileges
ć with
CA cancer
c/o complain (ed/ing/s/t) of
sebaceous cyst small sack/pouch under skin surface filled with thick fluid/ semi-solid oil substance called sebum
EMG ELECTROMYOGRAM
GBS GUILLAIN-BARRE SYNDROME
ICP INTRACRANIAL PRESSURE
LOC LEVEL OF CONSCIOUSNESS/ LOSS OF CONSCIOUSNESS
OCD OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER
Created by: BrandiLynn