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AP Human Geo Vocab

Latitude/parallel Imaginary lines that run around the globe from east to west
Longitude/meridian Imaginary lines that begin at the North Pole and end at the South Pole
Cardinal directions North, South, East, and West
North pole Northern most point on axis
South pole Southern most point on axis
Equator The line of latitude that is halfway between the poles
Globe/sphere 3D circle
Hemisphere Half of a globe (taken at the prime meridian or equator)
Prime meridian The line of longitude that divides the Earth in "half," almost runs through London
International Date Line On the other side of the Prime Meridian, 180 degrees West/East
Rotation Earth spinning on its axis
Revolution Earth orbiting the Sun
23^1/2 degree tilt The tilt of the axis compared to the Sun
Tropic of Cancer The Northern most 23 and half degree place the sun shines directly
Tropic of Capricorn The Southern most 23 and half degree place the sun shines directly
Summer Solstice The longest day of sunlight
Winter Solstice The shortest day of sunlight
Vernal Equinox Spring equal hours day
Autumnal Equinox Fall equal hours day
Artic Circle 23 and a half degree circle extending from North Pole 67 degrees N
Anartic Circle 23 and a half degree circle extending from South Pole
Map distortion The inevitable distortion that occurs when going from a globe to a map
Map types physical: shows natural features political: man made divisions of space thematic: statistics
Cartographer Map maker
"TALDOGS" Title, author, legend/key, date, orientation, grid, scale
Great circle route Shortest distant between two points on a globe
Time zones 24 time zones, 4 in the US (EST, CT, RMT, PT)
Greenwich Mean Time Time for pilots and in Greenwich, England
Elevation The measure of high or low a point is compared to sea level
Tides The eb and flow of the ocean due to the moon's gravity
Mile 5280 feet = 1.6 km
KM 1000 m = .6 mi
Created by: alliance
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