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NEWBrock AP U1 Terms

NEW Brock AP U1 Terms

Agriculture Large scale crops and animal husbandry
Agrarian Having to do with farming
Clans A related group of people within a clan
Barbarian Someone who is not civilized
Bureaucracy A system with a hierarchy, lots of rules and specialization
Civilization A group that is culturally and technologically developed
Domestication Taming animals or plants
Economy System of exchanging things or money for things
Egalitarian Equal
Foraging Searching for something
Hierarchy A set of levels with one higher than the other
Hunter-Gatherer Hunting for game and gathering plant products
Irrigation Moving water for fertilization of crops or to stop floods
Monotheism Believing in one god
Neolithic New stone
Nomadic Moving from place to place with no real home (opposite of sedentary)
Pastoral Shepherds who follow herds
Paleolithic Old Stone
Philosophy “love of wisdom”, searching for understanding of reality
Polytheism Believing in more than one god
Sedentary Not moving (opposite of nomadic)
Subsistence The minimum one needs to live
Surplus Extra
Sustenance Food
Theocracy A government ruled by a religion
Traditional The way things have been done in the past
Urbanization Becoming more based on cities
Code of Hammurabi A system of laws from Babylon. The first written law code known. Eye for an eye.
Cuneiform Wedge shaped writing style in Sumer. The first written language known.
Iron Age Time when Iron was used to make weapons. Around 1000BCE to 500CE in different places
Jewish Diaspora Forced migrations of Jews. First by Assyrians, then by the Romans
Shang Dynasty First Chinese dynasty
Cultural diffusion People spread their cultures to new areas through this process.
Demography The study of population.
Marker events Events that have changed the course of history.
Migrations Permanent moves to new locations that occur on local, regional, and global levels.
Periodization The process of "chunking" world history into different time periods.
Push and pull factors Respectively, something that encourages people to move from the region that they live in, and something that attracts them to a new region.
Bipedalism The preference for walking on two limbs rather than four.
Primary sources Original evidence from the time period.
Paleolithic Age Old Stone Age.
Horticulture Agriculture in which only hand tools are used to cultivate crops.
Pastoralism Domestication and keeping of animals.
Independent invention No cultural diffusion involved to discover a key tool or element.
Surplus More crops than the farmer needed to feed his own family.
Polytheism The belief in multiple gods.
Division of labor Splitting up labor between peoples in order to get all the work done that needed to be done.
Specialization The idea that those most talented in one particular area would do that work for the whole village.
Aryans Invaders of early India from the northwest, spoke Indo-European languages.
Cataracts Areas in rivers where the water was too swift and rocky to allow boats to pass.
Chavin Early civilization in South America, not on a river valley.
City-state A city that with its surrounding territory forms an independent state.
Civilization Generation of reliable surpluses, highly specialized occupations, clear social class distinctions, growth of cities, complex and formal governments, long-distance trade, organized writing system- all these are important characteristics of ____________.
Confucianism Religion developed in early China, touted the importance of civic virtue.
Dravidian Language similar to those spoken in southern India.
Dynasty Family based kingdom.
Epic of Gilgamesh Story that dates back to the 7th millennium, about a character who went on an epic journey in pursuit, which he did not find.
Fertile Crescent Wide swath of land from Mesopotamia to Egypt known for its abundance.
Hammurabi Akkadian king, led Babylonians to conquer Mesopotamia, famous for Code of Law.
Harappa One of two major cities in the Indus Valley civilization.
Hatshepsut Female pharaoh, wore a fake beard, referred to herself with the male pronoun. (Egypt)
Horus The sky god, hawk head, man body. (Egypt)
Labor systems Coordinated efforts to get work done.
Mandate of Heaven Chinese belief that Heaven granted emperors the right to rule over China based on their ability to govern well and fairly.
Matrilineal Family line traced through the mothers.
Mesopotamia "land between the rivers", earliest civilization, between Tigris and Euphrates.
Mohenjo-Daro One of the major cities of the Indus Valley civilization.
Olmec First advanced civilization in Mexico, Tenochtitlan.
Oracle bones Specially prepared bones or turtle shells, each inscribed with a question. (China)
Papyrus Paper like material used by the Egyptians.
Patriarchy Society dominated and run by men.
Pharaoh God-kings of Egypt.
Pictographs Pictures representing animals, people, and objects.
Rosetta Stone Tablet with a relatively long script in three languages: formal hieroglyphics, an informal Egyptian writing, and Greek.
Semitic Relating to the peoples who speak the ______ languages, especially Hebrew and Arabic.
Shamans Individuals who claimed the ability to contact the ancestors.
Shang dynasty Dynasty following the Xia, conquerors from the north. (China)
Social mobility The ability of individuals to change social status.
Theocracy Form of government where the religious leaders are in charge.
Tribute Payment usually in the form of produce.
Ziggurats Large multi story pyramids constructed by bricks and approached by ramps and stairs.
Created by: rockcastle