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The Stone Age

Paleolithic period through early river valley civilizations

prehistory before written history
Paleolithic Age Old Stone Age; a period characterized by humans who were nomadic hunters and gatherers
Neolithic Age New Stone Age; a period characterized by the invention of agriculture and development of early civilizations
domestication a biological process in which the physical characteristics of wild plants and animals change as a result of human intervention; training animals to be useful to humans.
agriculture the business of farming
irrigation system a means of supplying land with water
city-state a city that is like a small, independent country with its own laws and government
ziggurat an ancient Mesopotamian temple tower
cuneiform writing that uses wedge-shaped characters
papyrus a tough water plant used to make paper and rope in ancient times
nomad a person who moves from place to place with no permanent home
pharaoh an ancient Egyptian leader
hieroglyphics a system of writing developed in Egypt in about 3000 B.C.
dynasty a family or group that rules for several generations
polytheism the belief in more than one or many gods
monotheism the belief that there is only one god
cultural diffusion the spread of cultural traits from one society to another through migration, trade, and war
Torah Judaism's most sacred text, consisting of the first five books of the Hebrew Bible
Neolithic Revolution major change to human life caused by the development of farming
civilization a form of culture characterized by established cities, specialized labor, complex institutions, written records, and advanced technology
NAACP definition
William Taft definition
Created by: nchaplinlewis