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Endocrine System

Hormones and what their functions are

QuestionAnswer
Thyriod-stimulating hormone function is?(TSH) (Anterior Pituitary Gland) (Tropic hormone) Stimulates secretion of the throid hormones
Adrenocorticotropic hormone function is? (ATCH)(Anterior Pituitary Gland) (Tropic hormone) Stimulates secretion of the adrenal cortex
Follicle-stimulating hormone function is? (FSH) (Anterior Pituitary Gland) (Tropic hormone) Female: Stimulates development of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogens Male: Stimulates seminiferous tubules of testes to grow and produce sperm
Luteinizing hormone function is? (LH) (Anterior Pituitary Gland) (Tropic hormone)Female:Stimulates maturation of ovarian follicle and ovum; stimulates secretion of estrogen;triggers ovulation;stimulates development of corpus luteum Male: Stimulates interstitial cells of the testes to secrete testosterone
Growth hormone function is? (GH) (Anterior Pituitary Gland) Stimulates growth in all organsp; mobilizes food molecules, causing an increase in blood glucous concentration
Prolactin (lactogenic hormone) function is? (Anterior Pituitary Gland) Stimulates breast development during pregnancy and milk secretion after pregnancy
Antidiurtic hormone function is? (ADH) (Posterior Pituitary Gland) Stimulates retention of water by the kidneys
Oxytocin function is? (OT) (Posterior Pituitary Gland) Stimulates the release of milk into the breast ducts
Releasing hormones functions are? (RHs) (Posterior Pituitary Gland) Stimulate the anterior pituitary to release hormones
Inhibiting hormones functions are? (IHs) (Posterior Pituitary Gland) Inhibit the anterior pituirtary's secretion of hormones
Thyroxine (T4) & Triiodothyronine (T3) function is? (Thyroid) Stimulate the energy metabolism of all cells
Calcitonin function is? (CT) (Thyroid) Inhibits the breakdown of bone; causes a decreses in blood calcium concentration
Parathroid hormone function is? (PTH) (Parathyroid) Stimulates the breakdown of bone; causes an increase in blood calcium concentration
Mineralocorticoids: aldosterone function is? (Adrenal Cortex) Regulate eletrolyte and fluid homeostasis
Glucocorticoids: cortisol (hydrocotisone) function is? (Adrenal Cortex) Stimulate gluconeogenesis; causing an increase in blood glucous concentration; also have antinflammatory, antimmunity, and antiallergy effects
Sex hormones functions are? (Adrenal Cortex) Stimulate sexual drive in the female but have negligible effects in the male
Epinephrine (Epi) & Norepinphrine (NR) function is? (Adrenal Medulla) Prolong and intensify the sympathetic nervous response during stress
Glucagon function is? (Pancreatic Islets) Stimulates glycogenolysis in lever, causing an increase in blood glucous concentration
Insulin function is? (Pancreatic Islets) Promote glucous entry into all cells, causing a decrease in blood glucous concentration
Estrogen function is? (Ovary) Promote development and maintenance of female sexual characteristics
Progesterone function is? (Ovary) Promotes conditions required for pregnancy
Testosterone function is? (Testis) Promotes development and maintenance of male sexual characteristics
Thymosin function is? (Thymus) Promote development of immune-system cells
Melatonin function is? (Pineal) Inhibites tropic hormones that affect the ovaries; may be involved in the body's internal clock and sleep cycle
Created by: jearl