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Female Reproductive

The Female Reproductive System

Cervix ** Part of the uterus that protrudes into the cavity of the vagina (neck of the uterus)
Clitoris Vaginal erectile tissue (structure) corresponding to the male penis
Coitus sexual union of two people of the opposite sex in which the penis is introduced into the vagina; aka sexual intercourse or copulation
Diaphragm a form of contraception
Endometrium the inner lining of the uterus
Estrogen one of the female hormones that promotes the development of the female secondary sex characteristics
Fallopian Tubes one of a pair of tubes opening at one end into the uterus and at the other end into the peritoneal cavity, over the ovary
Fertilization union of male sperm and a female ovum
Gynecology Study of diseases and disorders of the female reproductive system
Hymen Thin layer of elastic, connective tissue membrane that forms a border around the outer opening of the vagina and may partially cover the vaginal opening
Labia Majora two folds of skin containing fatty tissue and covered with hair that lie on either side of the vaginal opening, extending from the mons pubis to the perineum
Labia Minora two folds of hairless skin located within the folds of the labia majora
Mammory Glands The female Breasts
Mastectomy Surgical removal of the breast
Mastitis Inflammation of the breast
Menarche ** First menstrual period
Menopause ** Permanent cessation (stopping) of the menstrual cycle
Menstruation ** periodic shedding of the lining of the nonpregnant uterus through a bloody discharge that passes through the vagina tot he outside of the body
Myometrium ** Muscular layer of the uterine wall
Ovary ** One of a pair of female gonads responsible for producing mature ova (eggs) and releasing them at monthly intervals (ovulation)
Ovulation Release of the mature ovum from the ovary, occuring approximately 14 days prior to the beginning of menses
Ovum Female Reproductive cell; female sex cell or egg
Perineum Area between the vaginal orifice and the anus that consists of muscular and fibrous tissue and serves as support for the pelvic structures
Pregnancy Period of intrauterine development of the fetus from conception through birthProgesterone
Premenstrual Syndrome Group of symptoms that include irritablitiy , fluid retention, tenderness of the breasts, and a general feeling of depression occuring shortly before the onset of menstruation
Puberty Period of life at which the ability to reprouce begins
Sperm Mature male germ cell
Uterus Pear-shaped organ of the female reproductive system that houses the fertilized, implanted ovum as it develops throughout pregnancy
Progestorone One of the female hormones secreted by the corpus luteum and the placenta
Vagina Muscular tube that connects the uterus with the vulva
Vulva external genitalia that consists of the mons pubis, labia majora, clitorid, labia minora, vestibule, urinary meatus, vaginal orifice, Bartholin's glands, and the perineum
Amenorrhea ** Absence of menstrual flow
Dysmenorrhea Painful menstrual flow
Menorrhagia Abnormally long or very heavy menstrual periods
Metrorrhagia Uterine bleeding at times other than the menstrual periods
Oligomenorrhea abnormally light or infrequent menstruation
Abstinence abstain from haing vaginal intercourse
Oral Contraceptives Birth control pills, contain synthetic forms of the hormones estrogen and progesterone and are taken by mouth
Depo-Provera Injection form of contraception administered intramuscularly, approximately once every 12 weeks
Tubal Ligation ** Surgically cutting and tying the fallopian tubes to prevent passage of ova or sperm through the tubes
Cervicitis ** acute or chronic inflammation of the uterine cervix
Cystocele Herniation or downward protrusion of the urinary bladder through the wall of the vagina
Endometrial Carcinoma Malignant tumor of the inner lining of the uterus
Endometriosis ** Presence and growth of endometrial tissue in areas outside the endometrium (lining of the uterus)
Fibrocystic Breast Disease Presence of single or multiple fluid-filled cysts that are palpable in the breasts
Fibroid Tumor Benign, fibrous tumor of the uterus
Ovarian Carcinoma Malignant tumor of the ovaries, most commonly occurring in women in their 50s
Ovarian Cysts Benign, globular sacs (cysts) that form on or near the ovaries.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Infection of the fallopian tubes; also known as salpingitis
Stress Incontinence, Urinary the inabto hold urine when the bladder is stressed b sneezing, coughing, laughing or lifting
Vaginitis inflammation of the vagina and the vulva
Colposcopy ** visual examination of the vagina and cervix with a colposcope
Cone Biopsy Surgical removal of a cone-shaped segment of the cervix for diagnosis or treatment
Cryosurgery Destruction of tissue by rapid freezing with substances such as liquid nitrogen
Dilation and Curettage dilation or widening of the cervical canal with a dilator, followed by scraping of the uterine lining with a curet
Endometrial Biopsy an invasive test for obtaining a sample of endometrial tissue
Laparoscopy process of viewing the abdominal cavity with a laparoscope
Mammography Process of examining with x-ray the soft tissue of the breast to detect various benign and malignant growths before they can be felt
Papanicolaou PAP smear diagnostic test for cervical cancer; that is a microscopic examination of cells scraped from within, aroung, and from the posterior of the cervic
Pelvic Ultrasound noninvasive procedure that uses high-frequency sound waves to examine the abdomen and pelvis
Created by: anna0526



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