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hemo types

blood typing

QuestionAnswer
all blood cells are formed in the bone marrow through a process called hematopoesis
most common blood type type O
least common blood type type AB
referred to as the universal donor type O
referred to as the universal recipient type AB
this indicates if a specific antigen is present on their RBC's which can induce cell destruction when exposed to incompatible blood types Rh factor
the blood system is an antibody/antigen system
what is on the surface of blood cells that signal what they are [like a name tag] antigens
in the plasma there are-------- that seek out an opposing blood cell antibodies
the human body holds about how many liters of blood 4-5 liters [men may have up to 6 liters due to larger body size]
the cellular portion contains RBC,WBC, and platelets
refers to the acidity of a substance pH
what is the normal blood pH 7.35 to 7.45
the body regulates the pH through a process called buffering
what is the acid that is excreted from the cells as a waste product carbon dioxide
if carbon dioxide is not exhaled,those molecules stay on the RBC's which causes the RBC's unable to pick up oxygen. this condition is called hypoxia[decrease in oxygen in the blood]
hypoxia lowers the pH of the blood making it more acidic
we can measure the acid levels in the blood through a test called ABG[Arterial Blood Gas]
what can the ABG test tell us a lot about the respiratory and metabolic health of the patient
who performs the ABG test Respiratory Therapists
if you have blood cells with "A" on their name tag, then in the plasma the antibodies would be anti "B"
what would happen if you but "B" blood into a person with "A" blood anti "B" antibodies would see the foreign invaders and attack them,clumping the cells up and forming clots
neutral parties have both "A" and "B" antigens which means what they have no antibodies [they are not"anti"anything]
what type of blood is considered "Neutral Party" meaning they don't want to fight type AB
"invisible cells" don't have any antigens on the surface of their cells, and since they have no"Name Tag" the cells are left alone when put into another body. what blood type is this Type O
about 85% of the population has another antigen on their blood cell this is called The Rh factor
people with the Rh Antigen on their RBC's are called Rh positive
the liquid portion of blood is called plasma
plasma transports all other cells,hormones, proteins, fats,electrolytes and fibrinogin
Created by: doylestown3