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FINAL EXAM 7/12/2012

ENDOCRINE & REPRODUCTIVE SYSYTEMS

QuestionAnswer
LABIA MAJORA THE ROUNDED FOLDS OF ADIPOSE TISSUE AND SKIN THAT SERVE TO PROTECT THE OTHER FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS.
DYSMENORRHEA SEVERE MENSTRUAL CRAMPS THAT LIMIT DAILY ACTIVITY.
PERIMETRIUM THE THIN LAYER THAT COVERS THE MYOMETRIUM OF THE UTERUS.
VAGINA A TUBULAR ORGAN THAT EXTENDS FROM THE UTERUS TO THE LABIA.
PREMENSTRUAL SYNDROME A SYNDROME THAT IS A COLLECTION OF SYMPTOMS THAT OCCUR JUST BEFORE THE MENSTRUAL PERIOD.
BARTHOLIN'S GLANDS GLANDS LATERAL TO THE VAGINA THAT PRODUCE MUCUS FOR LUBRICATION OF THE VAGINA.
CLITORIS LOCATED ANTERIOR TO THE URETHRAL OPENING IN FEMALES. IT CONTAINS ERECTILE TISSUE AND IS RICH IN SENSORY NERVES.
ENDOMETRIUM THE INNERMOST LAYER OF THE UTERUS. IT UNDERGOES SIGNIFICANT CHANGES DURING THE MENSTRUAL CYCLE.
MONS PUBIS A FATTY AREA THAT OVERLIES THE PUBIC BONE.
VULVA EXTERNAL FEMALE GENITALIA
PREPUCE A PEICE OF SKIN IN THE UNCIRCUMCIZED MALE THAT COVERS THE GLANS PENIS.
PROSTATE GLAND A CHEST NUT SHAPED GLAND THAT SURROUNDS THE BEGINNING OF THE URETHRA IN THE MALE.
ADENOCARCINOMA IS A CANCER OF AN EPITHELIUM THAT ORIGINATES IN GLANDULAR TISSUE.
PURULENT PUS
SCROTUM IN A MALE, THE SAC OF SKIN BELOW THE PELVIC CAVITY THAT CONTAINS THE TESTES.
SEMINOMA IS A GERM CELL TUMOR (CANCER) OF THE TESTIS.
CHANCRE A PAINLESS ULCER THAT MAY APPEAR ON THE TOUNGE, THE LIPS, THE GENITALIA, THE RECTUM, OR ELSEWHERE.
IMPOTENCE A DISORDER IN WHICH A MALE CANNOT MAINTAIN AN ERECT PENIS TO COMPLETE SEXUAL INTERCOURSE; ALSO CALLED ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION.
CHLAMYDIA IS A COMMON SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTION IN HUMANS CAUSED BY THE BACTERIUM CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS.
PARENCHYMA ARE THE FUNCTIONAL PARTS OF AN ORGAN IN THE BODY.
CRYPTORCHIDISM CONGENITAL FAILURE OF THE TESTES TO DESCEND INTO THE SCROTAL SAC.
BULBOURETHRAL GLAND ALSO CALLED A COWPERS GLAND. GLANDS THAT LIE BENEATH THE PROSTATE AND EMPTY THEIR FLUID INTO THE URETHRA. THEIR FLUID AIDS IN SPERM MOVEMENT.
SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES THESE TUBES CONTAIN SPERMATOGENIC CELLS AND ARE LOCATED IN THE LOBULES OF THE TESTES.
SYPHILIS IS A SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTION CAUSED BY THE SPIROCHETE BACTERIUM TREPONEMA PALLIDUM.
TESTIS THE TESTICLE, IS THE MALE GONAD IN ANIMALS.
TESTOSTERONE A HORMONE PRODUCED BY THE TESTES THAT MAINTAINS THE MALE REPRODUCTIVE STRUCTURES AND MALE CHARACTERISTICS SUCH AS DEEP VOICE, BODY HAIR, AND MUSCLE MASS.
SEMEN SPERM AND THE VARIOUS SUBSTANCES THAT NOURISH AND TRANSPORT THEM.
EMBRYONAL EMBRYO
OLIGOSPERMIA REFERS TO SEMEN WITH A LOW CONCENTRATION OF SPERM AND IS A COMMON FINDING IN MALE INFERTILITY.
VAS DEFERENS A TUBE THAT CONNECTS THE EPIDIDYMIS WITH THE URETHRA AND THAT CARRIES SPERM.
CORTISOL A STEROID HORMONE THAT IS RELEASED WHEN A PERSON IS STRESSED. IT DECREASES PROTEIN SYNTHESIS.
GOITER ENLARGEMENT OF THE THYROID GLAND, WHICH CAUSES SWELLING OF THE NECK, OFTEN RELATED TO IODINE INSUFFICIENCY IN THE DIET.
ESTROGEN A FEMALE SEX HORMONE; WHEN PRODUCED DURING OVULATION, ESTROGEN CAUSES A BUILDUP OF THE LINING OF THE UTERUS TO PREPARE IT FOR A POSSIBLE PREGNANCY.
PITUITARY GLAND LOCATED AT THE BASE OF THE BRAIN IN THE SELLA TURCICA; COMPOSED OF AN ANTERIOR LOBE, AND A POSTERIOR LOBE. IT WEIGHS ONLY 1/16 OF AN OUNCE AND IS A HALF INCH ACROSS.
HYPOKALEMIA IS A LOWER THAN NORMAL AMOUNT OF POTASSIUM IN THE BLOOD.
GONADOTROPIN A HORMONE THAT STIMULATES THE ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND TO RELEASE FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE.
EUTHYROID IS THE STATE OF HAVING NORMAL THYROID GLAND FUNCTION.
HYPOPHYSECTOMY IS THE SURGICAL REMOVAL OF THE HYPOPHYSIS (PITUITARY GLAND).
PANCREAS LOCATED BEHIND THE STOMACH. ISLET CELLS SECRETE HORMONES FROM THE PANCREAS. THE PANCREAS ALSO CONTAINS CELLS THAT ARE EXOCRINE IN FUNCTION. THEY SECRETE ENZYMES, VIA A DUCT INTO THE SMALL INTESTINE TO AID DIGESTION.
CORTICASTEROID ARE A CLASS OF CHEMICALS THAT INCLUDES STEROID HORMONES NATURALLY PRODUCED IN THE ADRENAL CORTEX OF VERTEBRATES AND ANALOGUES OF THESE HORMONES THAT ARE SYNTHESIZED IN LABORATORIES.
THYROXINE SECRETED BY THE THYROID GLAND; ALSO CALLED TETRAIODOTHYRONINE. T4 INCREASES METABOLISM IN CELLS.
EXOPTHALMOS BULGING OF THE EYEBALLS, OFTEN RELATED TO HYPERTHYROIDISM.
PROGESTERONE A FEMALE STEROID HORMONE PRIMARILY PRODUCED BY THE OVARY.
TETANY IS A MEDICAL SIGN CONSISTING OF INVOLUNTARY CONTRACTION OF MUSCLES, WHICH MAY BE CAUSED BY DISEASE OR OTHER CONDITIONS THAT INCREASE THE ACTION POTENTIAL FREQUENCY.
INSULIN A HORMONE THAT REGULATES THE AMOUNT OF SUGAR IN THE BLOOD BY FACILITATING ITS ENTRY INTO THE CELLS.
HOMEOSTASIS A BALANCED, STABLE STATE WITHIN THE BODY.
HYPOTHALAMUS A REGION OF THE DIENCEPHALON. IT MAINTAINS HOMEOSTASIS BY REGULATING MANY VITAL ACTIVITIES SUCH AS HEART RATE, BLOOD PRESSURE, AND BREATHING RATE.
POLYDIPSIA IS A NON MEDICAL SYMPTOM IN WHICH THE PATIENT DISPLAYS EXCESSIVE THIRST.
ACROMEGALY A DISORDER IN WHICH TOO MUCH GROWTH HORMONE IS PRODUCED IN ADULTS.
MYXEDEMA A SEVERE TYPE OF HYPOTHYROIDISM THAT IS MOST COMMON IN WOMEN OLDER THAN THE AGE OF 50.
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE THYROID GLAND? SECRETES THYROXINE
WHAT IS ANOTHER NAME FOR THE ANTERIOR LOBE OF THE PITUITARY GLAND? ADENOHYPOPHYSIS
WHAT HORMONE IS SECRETED BY THE ADRENAL CORTEX? CORTISOL
WHAT HORMONE IS SECRETED BY THE PANCREAS? INSULIN
WHAT HORMONE REGULATES CALCIUM IN THE BLOOD AND BONES? PARATHYROID HORMONE
WHAT HORMONE STIMULATES THE ADRENAL CORTEX TO SECRETE HORMONES? ACTH
WHAT IS AN EXAMPLE OF AN ELECTROLYTE? SODIUM
WHAT ELEMENT IS PRESENT IN THYROXINE? IODINE
WHAT HORMONE IS SECRETED BY THE OVARY AND ADRENAL CORTEX? ESTROGEN
WHERE ARE GONADOTROPINS SECRETED FROM? TESTES
WHAT IS THE TERM FOR EXCESSIVE DEVELOPMENT OF MAMMARY TISSUE IN A MALE? GYNECOMASTIA
KAL/I IS A COMBINING FORM FOR WHICH SUBSTANCE? POTASSIUM
WHAT IS AN INSULIN DEFICIENCY OR RESISTANCE THAT LEADS TO HYPERGLYCEMIA AND KETOACIDOSIS? DIABETES MELLITUS
WHAT IS A GROUP OF SYMPTOMS PRODUCED BY AN EXCESS OF CORTISOL FROM THE ADRENAL CORTEX? CUSHINGS SYNDROME
WHAT IS ADVANCED HYPOTHYROIDISM IN ADULTHOOD? MYXEDEMA
WHAT IS POST PUBERTY HYPERSECRETION OF GROWTH HORMONE FROM THE ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND? ACROMEGALY
WHAT DISEASE IS THYROTOXICOSIS; HYPERSECRETION OF THE THYROID GLAND? GRAVES DISEASE
WHAT TERM IS USED FOR ENLARGEMENT OF THE THYROID GLAND? GOITER
EXOPHTHALMOS IS A SYMPTOM OF WHICH ENDOCRINE DISORDER? GRAVES DISEASE
WHAT IS THE DESCRIPTION OF TETANY? CONSTANT MUSCLE CONTRACTION
NATR/O IS THE COMBINING FORM FOR WHAT SUBSTANCE? SODIUM
WHAT IS A CHARACTERISTIC OF TYPE 1 DIABETES MELLITUS? LITTLE OR NO INSULIN PRODUCED
WHAT IS ASSOCIATED WITH NEUROPATHY, NEPHROPATHY, AND RETINOPATHY? SECONDARY COMPLICATIONS OF DIABETES MELLITUS.
WHAT IS THE DESCRIPTION OF A THYROID SCAN? ADMINISTRATION OF RADIOACTIVE COMPOUND AND VISUALIZATION WITH A SCANNER TO DETECT TUMORS OR NODULES.
WHAT IS ACTH? ADRENOCORTICOTROPIC
KAL/I MEANS WHAT? POTASSIUM
PAN- MEANS WHAT? ALL
WHAT ARE THE 2 ENDOCRINE GLANDS IN THE SCROTAL SAC OF A MALE? TESTES
WHAT HORMONE IS PRODUCED BY THE OVARIES? PROGESTERONE
TOXIC/O MEANS WHAT? POISON
WHAT IS ENLARGEMENT OF THE EXTREMITIES; PITUITARY GLAND? ACROMEGALY
WHAT IS T3? TRIIODOTHYRONINE
WHAT IS PERTAINING TO MIMICKING OR COPYING THE EFFECT OF THE SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM? SYMPATHOMIMETIC
HOME/O MEANS WHAT? SAMENESS
WHAT IS PRODUCED BY THE ISLET CELLS OF THE PANCREAS? INSULIN
WHAT IS THE ENDOCRINE GLAND BEHIND THE STOMACH? PANCREAS
WHAT IS THE TENDENCY IN AN ORGANISM TO RETURN TO AN EQUILIBRIUM OR CONSTANT, STABLE STATE? HOMEOSTASIS
TRI- MEANS WHAT? THREE
WHAT IS A MALE HORMONE PRODUCED BY THE TESTES? TESTOSTERONE
ADEN/O MEANS WHAT? GLAND
WHAT IS A LOW SPERM COUNT CALLED? OLIGOSPERMIA
WHAT IS THE TIGHTNESS IN THE FORESKIN OF THE PENIS KNOWN AS? PHIMOSIS
WHICH STRUCTURE PROVIDES THE APPROPRIATE ENVIRONMENT FOR SPERM MATURATION? EPIDIDYMIS
WHAT IS THE SURGICAL REMOVAL OF THE TESTICLES CALLED? ORCHIECTOMY
WHAT IS THE DILATION OF THE VEINS OF THE SPERMATIC CORD CALLED? VARIOCELE
WHAT IS ANOTHER NAME FOR COWPER'S GLANDS? BULBOURETHRAL GLAND
WHAT IS A NON CANCEROUS ENLARGEMENT OF THE PROSTATE CALLED? BENIGN PROSTATIC HYPERTROPHY
WHAT IS REOVAL OF PART OF THE PROSTATE THROUGH THE URETHRAL CALLED? TRANSURETHRAL RESECTION
WHTA IS THE SURGICAL REMOVAL OF THE FORESKIN? CIRCUMCISION
WHAT IS THE INFLAMMATION OF THE GLAND PENIS? BALANITIS
WHAT IS THE MEDICAL TERM FOR UNDESCENDED TESTICLES? CRYPTOCHIDISM
HOW MANY CHROMOSOMES ARE DONATED FROM EACH THE MALE AND FEMALE TO MAKE ONE WHOLE CELL? 23 FROM EACH, MAKING 46 TOTAL FOR ONE CELL.
THE EMBRYONIC PERIOD LASTS FOR HOW LONG? 2-8 WEEKS
THE FETAL PERIOD LASTS FOR HOW LONG? 9 WEEKS TO BIRTH
WHAT ARE THE 3 PHASES TO PREGNANCY? CONTRACTIONS, DELIVERY OF INFANT, DELIVERY OF PLACENTA
WHAT ARE THE 2 DIFFERENT DELIVERIES OF THE PLACENTA? DUNCAN & SHULTZ
WHAT ARE THE 3 PARTS TO THE UMBILICAL CORD? 2 VEINS & 1 ARTERY
WHAT IS THE APGAR SYSTEM? A SYSTEM OF RATING THE BABIES COLOR, MOOD, AND RESPONCE AT DELIVERY AND THEN 5 MINUTES LATER.
WHAT ARE THE 3 PRIMARY GERM LAYERS? ECTODERM, MESODERM, AND ENDODERM.
WHERE IS THE FORAMEN OVALE LOCATED? BETWEEN THE RIGHT AND LEFT ATRIA
WHERE IS THE DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS LOCATED? BETWEEN THE PULMONARY TRUNK AND THE AORTA.
WHERE IS THE DUCTUS VENOSUS LOCATED? LIVER
WHAT IS HCG? HUMAN CHORIONIC GONADOTRPOIN
WHAT DO YOU CALL A PERSON WHO STUDIES NEONATES? NEONATEOLOGIST
HCG DOES WHAT? MAINTAINS THE CORPUS LUTEUM
RELAXIN DOES WHAT? INHIBITS CONTRACTIONS
LACTOGEN DOES WHAT? STIMULATES THE ENLARGEMENT OF MAMMARY GLANDS
ALDOSTERONE DOES WHAT? INCREASES SODIUM AND WATER RETENTION
PTH DOES WHAT? INCREASES CALCIUM
THE POSTNATAL PERIOD IS HOW LONG? 6 WEEKS
THE NEONATAL PERIOD IS HOW LONG? 1ST 4 WEEKS
DURING THE NEONATAL PERIOD WHAT IS THE OFFSPRING CALLED? NEONATE
WHAT IS COLLOSTRUM? FIRST MILK, ANTIBODIES
WHAT IS INVOLUSION? CONTRACTION OF THE UTERUS; IT GETS SMALLER
WHAT GLAND SECRETS CORTISOL? ADRINAL CORTEX
WHAT IS A VASECTOMY? CLIPPING OF VAS DEFERENS
WHAT IS A LIGATION? CUT AND TIE
WHAT IS SEMEN ANALYSIS? SPERM COUNT
WHAT ARE MINERAL SALTS FOUND IN BLOOD AND TISSUE? ELECTROLITES
WHAT HORMONES COME FROM THE MEDULLA? EPINEPHRINE AND NOR EPINEPHRINE
DIABETES INSIPIDUS IS WHAT? THE MALFUNCTION OF THE PITUITARY GLAND.
WHAT IS AN OVUM? GAMETE
WHAT IS THE LATIN WORD FOR OVARIES AND FALLOPIAN TUBES? ADNEXA UTERI
WHAT IS AN INFECTION OR INFLAMMATION OF THE FALLOPIAN TUBES? SALPINGITIS
WHAT ARE THE FINGER LIKE PROJECTIONS ON THE FALLOPIAN TUBES? FIMBRIAE
MENARCHE IS WHAT? 1ST PERIOD
WHAT IS MENOPAUSE? LAST PERIOD
WHAT IS ENDOMMETRIOSIS? IS A CONDITION IN WHICH TISSUES THAT MAKE UP THE LINING OF THE UTERUS GROW OUTSIDE THE UTERUS.
THE PROSTATE GLAND IS WHERE? SURROUNDS THE URETHRA AND IS BELOW THE BLADDER
THE VAS DEFERENCE IS CONNECTED WHERE? FROM THE EPIDIDIMOUS TO THE URETHRA
CHANCRES ARE ASSOCIATED WITH WHAT STD? SYPHILIS
WHAT ARE THE TUBES/COILS ON TOP OF THE TESTICLES? EPIDIDIMOUS
THE TIP OF THE PENIS IS WHAT? GLANS PENIS
SEMEN ENTERS THE URETHRA FROM WHAT? EJACULATORY DUCT
WHAT IS THE CONGINITAL ABNORMALITY OF THE URETHRA? HYPOSPADIAS
WHAT IS THE ABREVIATION USED FOR TREATING TISSUE WITH COLD? CRYO
Created by: 1765999162