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Diversity, Cultural

Wayland Baptist University: Cultural Diversity Class

QuestionAnswer
A subordinate group whose members have significantly less control or power over their own lives than do members the members of a dominate or majority group. Minority group
A group that is socially set apart because obvious physical differences Racial group
A group set apart from others because of its national origin or distinctive cultural patterns Ethnic group
The mistaken notion of a genetically isolated human group Biological race
The ratio of a person's mental age (as computed by an IQ test) to his or her chronological age, multiplied by 100. Intelligence quotient
A doctrine that one race is superior Racism
A sociohistorical process by which racial categories are created, inhibited, transformed, and destroyed. Racial formation
The systemic study of social behavior and human groups Sociology
A structured ranking of entire groups of people that perpetuates unequal rewards and power in a society Stratification
As defined by Max Weber, people who share similar levels of wealth Class
A sociological approach emphasizing how parts of society are structured to maintain its stability Functionalist perspective
An element of society that may disrupt a social system or decrease its stability. Dysfunction
A sociological approach that assumes that the social structure is best understood in terms of conflict or tension between competing groups. Conflict perspective
Portraying the problems of racial and ethnic minorities as their fault rather than recognizing society's responsibilities. Blaming the victim
A sociological approach introduced by Howard Becker that attempts to explain why certain people are viewed as deviants and others engaging in the same behavior are not. Labeling theory
Unreliable, exaggerated generalizations about all members of a group that do not take individual differences into account Stereotypes
The tendency to respond to and act on the basis of stereotypes, a predisposition that can lead one to validate false definitions. Self-fulfilling prophecy
A general term that describes any transfer of population Migration
leaving a country to settle in another Emigration
Coming into a new country as a permanent resident Immigration
Worldwide integration of government policies, cultures, social movements, and financial markets through trade, movements of people, and the exchange of ideas Globalization
A foreign power's maintenance of political, social, economic, and cultural dominance over people for extended period Colonialism
A View of the global economic system as divided between nations that control wealth and those that provide natural resources and labor World systems theory
The treatment of subordinate people as colonial subjects by those in power Internal Colonialism
The deliberate, systematic killing of an entire people or nation Genocide
Policy of ethnic Serbs to eliminate Muslims from parts of Bosnia Ethnic Cleansing
The physical separation of two groups, often imposed on a subordinate group by dominant group Segregation
The physical separation of racial and ethnic groups reappearing after a period of relative integration Resegregation
A minority and a majority group combining to form a new group Fusion
The process by which a dominant group and a subordinate group combine through intermarriage to form a new group Amalgamation
Diverse racial and ethnic groups or both, forming a new creation, a cultural entity Melting Pot
The process by which a subordinate individual or group takes on the characteristics of the dominate group Assimilation
Mutual respect between the various groups in a society for one another's cultures, allowing minorities to express their own culture without experiencing prejudice or hostility Pluralism
The development of solidarity between ethnic subgroups, as reflected in the terms Hispanic or Asian American Panethnicity
The status of being between two cultures at the same time, such as the status of Jewish immigrants in the United States Marginality
The tendency to assume that one's culture and way of life are superior to all others Ethnocentrism
Criminal offense committed because of the offender's bias against a race, religion, ethnic/national origin group, or sexual orientation group Hate Crime
A negative attitude toward an entire category of people, such as racial or ethnic minority Prejudice
Ethnic or racial slurs, including derisive nicknames Ethnophaulisms
The denial of opportunities and equal rights to individuals and groups because of prejudice or for other arbitrary reasons Discrimination
A person or group blamed irrationally for another person's or group's problems or difficulties Scapegoating Theory
A Phsychological construct of a personality type likely to be prejudiced and to use others as scapegoats Authoritarian Personality
A Marxist theory that views racial subordination in the US as a manifestation of the class system inherent in capitalism Exploitation Theory
The view that prejudice is influenced by societal norms and situations that encourage or discourage tolerance of minorities Normative Approach
Unreliable exaggerated generalization about all of a group that do not take individual differences into account Stereotypes
Any arbitrary police-initiated action based on race, ethnicity, or natural origin rather than person's behavior Racial Profiling
Use of race-neutral principles to defend the racially unequal status quo Color-Blind Racism
Tendency to approach or withdraw from a racial group Social Distance
Technique to measure social distance toward different racial and ethnic groups Bogardus Scale
An interactionist perspective stating that intergroup contact between people of equal status in noncompetitive circumstances will reduce prejudice Contact Hypothesis
The denial of opportunities and equal righs to individuals and groups because of prejudice or for other arbitrary reasons Discrimination
The conscience experience of a negative discrepancy between legitimate expectations and present actualities Relative Deprivation
The minimum level of subsistense below which families or individuals should not be expected to exist Absolute Deprivation
The combination of current discrimination with past discrimination created by poor schools and menial jobs Total Discrimination
A denial of opportunities and equal rights to individuals or groups resulting from the normal operations of a society Institutional Discrimination
Transfers of money, goods, or services that are not reportedto government. Common in inner-city neighborhoods and poverty stricken rural areas Informal Economy
Division of the company into two areas of employment, the secondary one of which is populated primarily by minorities working at mental jobs Dual Labor Market
The pattern of discrimination against people trying to buy homes in minority and racially changing neighborhoods Redlining
Efforts to ensure that hazordoussubstances are controlled so that all communities receive protection regardless of race or socioeconomic circumstances Environmental Justice
Positive efforts to recruit subordinate members, including women, for jobs, promotions, and educational opportunities Affirmative Action
Actions that cause better qualified White men to be passed overfor women and minority men. Reverse Discrimination
The barrier that blocks the promotion of the qualified worker because of gender or minority membership Glass Ceiling
A barrier to moving laterally in business to positions that are more likely to lead to upward mobility Glass Wall
The male advantage experienced in occupations dominated by women Glass Escalator
Immigrants sponsor several other immigrants who upon their arrival may sponsor still more Chain Immagration
The fear of hatred of strangers or foreigners Xenophobia
Beliefs and policies favoring native-born citizens over immigrants Nativism
People with a fear of anything associated with China Sinophobes
immigration to the United States of skilled workers, professionals, and technitions who are desperately needed by their home countries Brain Drain
Families in which one or more members are citizens and one or more are noncitizens Mixed Status
Conferring of citizenship on a person after birth Naturalization
The monies that immigrants return to their country of origin Remittances
Worldwide integration of government policies, cultures, social movements, and financial markets through trade, movements of people, and the exchange of ideas Globalization
Immigrants who sustain multiple social relationships that link their societies of origin and settlement Transitionals
People living outside their country of citizenship for fear of political or religious persecution. Refugees
Foreigners who have already enered the United States and now seek protection because of persecution or a well-rounded fear of persecution Asylees
Rights or immunities granted as a particular benifit or favor for being White White Priviledge
Marcus Hansen's contention that ethnic interest and awareness increase in the third generation, among grandchildren of immigrants Principle of third-generation interest
Herbert Gan's term that describes emphasis on ethnic food and ethnically associated political issues rather than deeper ties to one's heritage Symbolic Ethnicity
The religious dimension in American life that merges the state with sacred beliefs Civil Religion
People who support literal interpretation of the biblical book of Genesis on the origins of the universe and argue that evolution should not be presented as established scientific thought Creationists
View that life is so complex that it must have been created by a higher intelligence Intelligent Design
Groups, such as Amish, that reject both assimilation and coexistence Secessionist Minority
The maintenance of one's ethnic ties in a way that can assist with assimilation in larger society Ethnicity Paradox
Laws that defined the low position held by slaves in the United States Slave Codes
An emphasis on the customs of African cultures and how they have pervaded the history , culture, and behavior of blacks in the United States around the world Afrocentric Perspective
Distinctive dialect with a complex language structure found among many Black Americans Ebonics
Whites and free Blacks who favored the end of slavery Abolitionists
Southern laws passed in the late nineteenth century that kept Blacks in their subordinate position Jim Crow
Legal provisions forbidding Black voting in election primaries, which in one-party areas of the South effectively denied Blacks their right to elected officials White Primary
The act of making amends for the injustices of slavery Slavery Reparation
Communities where non-Whites were systematically excluded from living Sundown Towns
A private contract or agreement that discourages or prevents minority-group members from purchasing housing in a neighborhood Restrictive Covenant
Children assigned to schools specifically to maintain racially separated schools De Jure Segregation
A tactic promoted by Martin Luther King Jr., based on the belief that people have the right to disobey unjust laws under certain circumstances Civil Disobedience
Also called rotten apple theory; the belief that the riots of the 1960s were caused by discontented youths rather than by social and economic problems facing all African Americans Riff-Raff Theory
The conscious experience of a negative discrepancy between legitimate expectations and present actualities Relative Deprivation
The increasing sense of frustration that legitimate needs are being blocked Rising Expectations
Segregation that is the result of residential patterns De Facto Segregation
All-Black schools Apartheid Schools
Created by: bjthe3rd