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Digestive System!!!

Digestive System Vocabulary

TermDefinition
endo within, inner
en into, on
ectomy surgical removal of
emesis vomit
scopy observation
ostomy surgical opening
otomy incision, cutting into
abdom abdomen
ano anus
cholecysto gall bladder
entero intestine
esophago esophagus
gastro stomach
hepato liver
hepa liver
ileo ileum of the small intestine
laparo abdomen
nephro kidney
procto rectum, anus
trache trachea
colo colon
stomato mouth
chole bile, gall bladder
cirrhosis a liver disease which may be caused by alcohol
jaundice yellowing of the skin and eyes
esophagoscopy using a scope to look into the esophagus
gastrectomy removal of all or part of the stomach
peptic ulcer a lesion or sore in the esophagus, stomach, or duodenum
hepatoma tumor of the liver
cholecystitis inflammation of the gall bladder
cholecystogram x-ray of the gall bladder
cholecystectomy surgical removal of the gall bladder
colostomy surgically created opening in the colon for the passage of stool
diverticulitis inflammation of pouches in the intestine
gastritis inflammation of the stomach
ileitis inflammation of the small intestine/ileum
ileostomy an opening in the small intestine
diarrhea frequent watery stools
ulcerative colitis inflammation of the colon with ulcers/sores
colectomy removal of the colon
appendicitis inflammation of the appendix
appendectomy surgical removal of the appendix
hernia protrusion of a body part through a muscle
pancreatitis inflammation of the pancreas
proctoscopy using a scope to look into the rectum
laparoscopy using a scope to look into the abdomen
laparotomy exploratory incision to look into the abdomen
herniorraphy surgical repair of a hernia
cholelithiasis gall stones
gastroenteritis inflammation of the stomach and intestines
proctoscope an instrument used to look into the rectum
gastrointestinal, GI the body system containing the digestive organs
lithotripsy shattering gall stones using high energy shock waves, no surgery
Chrohn's Disease a chronic inflammatory disease of the bowel
hepatomegaly enlarged liver
gastrostomy an opening in the stomach for feeding
colonoscopy a visual exam of the colon
gastric bypass, bariatric surgery a surgical procedure done for obesity in which a pouch is made on top of the stomach to decrease food intake
Created by: dtomczik
 

 



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