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HC Med Terms

a-, an- without
ab- from, away
-able capable
-ac, -ic pertaining to
acr/o- extremeties, arms and legs
ad- to, toward
aden/o- gland
adren/o- adrenal gland
aer/o- air
-al like, similar, pertaining to
alges-, algesi- oversensitivity to pain
-algia pain
alveoli/o- alveoli
ambi/o- both, both sides
amni/o- amniotic fluid
andr/o- male
angi/o- vessel
ankyl/o- crooked, looped, immovable, fixed
ante- before
anter/o- in front of, ahead of
anti- against
append/o- appendix
arche first, original
arter-, arteri/o- artery
arthr/o- joint
articu/o- junction of two bones
-ase enzyme
-asis condition of
-asthenia weakness, lack of strength
ather/o- fatty, lipid, plaque
atresia- closure of tubular structure
audi/o- sound, hearing, dealing with the ear
aur/o- ear
auto self
balan- glans penis/clitoris
bi-, bis- twice, double, both
bio- life
-blast germ cell, embryonic
blephar/o- eyelids
brachi- arm
brachy- short
brady- slow
bronch-, bronchi- air tubes in lungs, bronchi
bucc/o- cheek
calc-, calculus- stone
carcin/o- cancer, malignancy
cardi/o- heart
carp/o- wrist
caud- tail
ceco- pouch of large intestine at ileo juncture
-cele swelling, tumor, cavity, hernia
cent- 100
-centesis surgical procedure to remove fluid
cephal/o- head
cerebr/o- brain
cervic/o- neck, neck of uterus
cheil/o- lip
labi/o- lip
chem/o- drug, chemical
chir/o- hand
chlor/o- green
chol-, chole-, cholo- bile, gallbladder
chrom/o- color
chondr/o- cartilage
-cide causing death
-cise cut
-clast cell or instrument used to break
-clysis washing or irrigation
-coccus round
cochle/o- cochlea
coele- chamber, enlarged space
circum- around, about
col/o- colon, bowel, large intestine
colp/o- vagina
con-, co- with, together
contra- against
costa- rib
crani/o- skull
-crine secrete
cry/o- cold
crypt/o- hidden
-cusis hearing
cut- skin
cyan/o- blue
cye- pregnancy
cyst/o- bladder, bag, sac
-cyte, cyt/o- cell
dacry/o- tear
dactly/o- finger, toe
dec-, deca-, deci- ten
demi- half
dent/o-, odont/o- tooth
derm/o-, dermat/o- skin
-desis surgical union or fixation
dextr/o- to the right
di-, dipl/o- twice
dia- through, between, part
dis-, dist/o- separation, away from
doch- duct
dors/o- to the back, back
duoden/o- duodenum, first part of the small intestine
-dynia pain
dys- difficult, painful, bad
e-, ec- without
-eal pertaining to
-ectasis dilation, stretching
ec-, ect/o- outside, external
-ectomy surgical removal of
electr/o- electrical
-emesis vomit
-emia blood
encephal/o- brain
end/o- within
enter/o- intestine
enur- to void
epi- upon, over, upper
episi/o- on the perineum
eso toward
-esthesia sensation, perception, feel
eup-, eu- well, easy
ex/o- outside of, beyond
fasci/o fibrous band
-ferous producing
fibr/o- fiber, fibrous, connective tissue
fore- in front of
-form having the form of, shape
-fuge driving away or expelling
galact/o- milk, glactose
gastr/o- stomach
-genetic, -genic origin, producing, causing
genit/o- reproductive organs
-genous kind or type
geo- earth
geront/o- old age, elderly
gingiv/o- gums
gloss/o- tongue
gluc/o- sweetness, sugar, glucose
glyc/o- sugar
gonad/o- genitals
-gram tracing, picture, record
-graph diagram, instrument for recording
gravid- pregnancy
gyn/o-, gynec/o- women, female, las mujeres
hem/o-, hemat/o- blood
hemi- half
hepat/o- liver
herni- rupture
heter/o- other, unlike, different
hist/o- tissue
homo-, homeo- same or like
hydr/o- water
hyper- excessive, high, over, increased, more than normal, más
hyster/o- uterus
hypn/o- sleep
hyp/o- decreased, deficient, less than normal, low, under
-ia, -iasis condition of, abnormal or pathological state
-ic pertaining to
-ac pertaining to
idio- peculiar to an individual, self originating
ile/o- ileum, last part of small intestine
infra- beneath, below
inter- between, among
irid/o- colored circle
intra- below, into, inside
-ism condition, theory, state of being
iso- equal, alike, same
-itis inflammation
kerat/o- cornea of eye
-kenesis motion
kinetic- motion
labi/o- lip
labyrinth/o- labyrinth of ear
lacrim/o- tears
lact/o- milk
lamin/o- flattened part of vertebra
lapar/o- abdomen, abdominal wall
laryng/o- larynx, voicebox
later/o- side
-lepsy seizure, convulsion
leuk/o- white
lingu/o- tongue
lip/o- fat, lipids
lith/o- stone, calculus
-logist one who studies
-o/logy study of, science of
lymph/o- lymph tissue
-lys, -lysis, -lyso destruction of, dissolving of
lysis- dissolution or death of cells
macr/o- large
mal- bad
malac-, -malacia softening
mamm/o- breast, mammary glands
-mania insanity, mental disorder
mast/o- breast
mastoid/o- mastoid bone
-megaly, megal/o- large, enlarged
melan/o- black
mening/o- meninges, membranes covering the brain and spinal cord
men/o- monthly, menstruation
mes/o- middle, midline
-meter measuring instrument, measure
-metry measurement
mi/o less, fewer
micr/o- small
mon/o- one, single
-mortem death
muc/o- mucus, secretion of mucous membrane
multi- many, much, large amount
my/o- muscle
myc/o- fungus
mydr/o- pupil dilation
myel/o- bone marrow, spinal cord
myring/o- eardrum
narc/o- sleep, numb, stupor
nas/o- nose
-natal birth
necr/o- death
neo- new
nephr/o- kidney
neur/o- nerve, nervous system
noct/i- night
non- no, none
ocul/o- eye
-ode form, shape, like, resembling
-oid form, shape, like, resembling
odont/o- tooth
olig/o- few, less than normal, small
-o/logist person who does, person who studies
-o/logy study of, science of
-oma tumor, swelling
onych/o- finger nails or toe nails
ungu/o- finger nails or toe nails
onc/o- mass, bulk, tumor
oophor/o- ovary, female egg cell
opthalm/o- eye
-opia vision
-opsy to view
optic- vision, eye
or/o- mouth
orchid/o- testicle, testes
-o/rrhea discharge, flow
orrphy- surgical seam, surgical repair
orth/o- normal, straight
-o/scopy diagnostic examination
-o/sis condition, state, process
oste/o- bone
os- bone
osmia smell
-ostomy surgical creation of an opening
ot/o- ear
-o/tic pertaining to a condition
-o/tomy cutting into
-ous full of, pertaining to, condition, material
ovari/o- egg, female sex gland, ovary
pan- all, complete, entire
pancreat/o- pancreas
para- beside, beyond, abnormal, lower half of the body, live birth
-paresis paralysis
pareunia sexual intercourse
-partum labor, birth
path/o-, -pathia disease, abnormal condition
ped/i- child
-penia lack of, abnormal reduction of number, deficiency
penta- five
-pepsia, -pepsis digestion
per- through, by excessive
peri- around
-pexy fixation
phag/o- eat, ingest
pharyng/o- pharynx, throat
-phasia speech
-phil, -philia, -philic affinity for, attracted to, "loves"
phleb/o- vein
-phobia fear
phon/o- sound, voice
phot/o- light
-phylaxis protection, preventative
-plasty surgical correction
-plegia paralysis
ple/o- more
pleur/o- side, rib
-pnea breathing
pneum/o- lung
pod/o- foot
-poiesis formation
poly- many, much
post- after, behind
prand/o- meal
pre- before, in front
presbi- old
primi- first
pro- in front, toward
proct/o- rectum, anus
pruritis to itch
psora- itch
pseud/o- false
psych/o- mind
-ptosis drooping down, sagging, downward displacement
ptysis- cough up
pulmon/o- lung
py/o- pus
pyel/o- renal pelvis of kidney
pylor/o- pylorus, distal sphincter of stomach
pyr/o- heat, fever
quad- 4
radi/o- x-ray, radiation
re- back, again
rect/o- rectum
ren/o- kidney
retin/o- retina
retr/o- backward, in back, behind
-rexia appetite
rhin/o- nose
-rraphy suture of, sewing up
-rrhagia sudden flow, excessive flow
-rrhea discharge, flow
-rrhexis rupture
-rrhythmia rhythm
salping/o- tube, fallopian tube
sanguin/o- blood
sarc/o- flesh
-sarcoma tumor, cancer of connective tissue
scler/o- hardening
-sclerosis dryness, hardness
-scopy examining instrument, observation
scot/o- darkness
seb/o- oil, fat
-sect cut
semi- half, part
septi- poison, rot, infection
sinus/o- sinus
sinistr/o- left
somat/o- body
somn/o- sleep
son/o- sound
-spasm involuntary contraction
spermat/o- spermatoze, male sex cell
splen/o- spleen
sphymogus pulse
staped/o- stapes, bone of middle ear
-stasis maintaining at a constant level, stoppage
sten/o- contracted, narrow
stern/o- sternum, breast bone
stomat/o- mouth
-o/stomy artificial opening
sub- less, under, below
sudor/o- sweat causing
hidr/o- sweat causing
super- above, upon, over, higher
supra- above, upon, over, higher
sym-, syn- joined, fused, together
tach/o- fast, rapid
ten/o-, tend/o-, tendin/o- tendon
tetra 4
-therapy treatment
therm/o- heat
thorac/o- thorax, chest
thromb/o- clot, thrombus
thyr/o- thyroid gland
thym/o- thymus gland
tinnitus ringing in ears
-tome instrument that cuts
tonsil/o- tonsils
-tox, -toxic poison
trach/o- trachea, windpipe
trans- across, over, beyond
tri- 3
trich/o- hair
pil/o- hair
-tripsy crushing by rubbing or grinding
-trophy nutrition, growth, development
-tussis cough
tympan/o- eardrum, tympanic membrane
ultra- beyond, excess
uni- one
ur/o- urine, urinary tract
ureter/o- ureter, tube from kidney to bladder
urethr/o- urethra, tube from bladder to outside
-uria urine
uter/o- ureter, womb
vas/o- vessel, duct
ven/a- vein
ventr/o- to the front, abdomen
vertebr/o- spine vertebrae
vesic/o- urinary bladder
viscer/o- internal organs
vit/a- necessary for life
xanth/o- yellow, amarillo
zoo- animal, los animales
Created by: bobthebuilder123