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PMI Phlebotomy FA

First Aid Study Guide

4 Things when acting in an Emergency 1. Scene Safety 2. Call 911 3. Remain Calm 4. Only give care been trained in.
6 Steps of initial assessment of victim 1. Check for responsiveness 2.If unresponsive, call 911 3. Check Pulse 4. Assess airway 5. Look listen and feel for breathing 6. Check for other life threatening problems or severe bleeding
SAMPLE S-signs/symptoms A-allergies M-medications P-past history (Hx) L-last meal/drink E-events leading to scenario
Recovery Method for anyone who is unresponsive and breathing
Disease spread during first aid? 1. Hepatitis B/C 2. HIV/AIDS
Prevent disease transmission by: 1. UP 2. PPE 3. Avoid contact with bodily fluid
1st Degree burn: Red skin, dry, mild swelling, painful, skin is intact
2nd Degree Burn: Swollen red skin, Blistering, significant pain
3rd Degree burn: Skin damage- charred, watch for signs of shock, no pain
Signs/Symptoms of bone or joint injury 1. Swelling 2. Pain 3. Inability to use extremity 4. Deformity
RICE Rest Ice Compression Elevation
Signs of sudden illness 1. Skin color changes 2. Nausea/Vomiting 3. Profuse sweating 4. Dizzy/weak
8 Symptoms of a scorpion sting: 1. Burning pain 2. Tingling 3. Numbness 4. Swelling 5. Nausea/vomiting 6. Difficulty breathing 7. Hyperactivity 8. Shock
Signs/symptoms of hypothermia 1. Shivering 2. Decreased levels of conciousness 3. Numbness 4. Slow breathing/erratic pulse 5. Slurred speech 6. Rigid muscles
Heat exhaustion will elevate into heatstroke if: not cooled and given water
Symptoms of heat exhaustion include: 1. Heavy sweating 2. Extreme thirst 3. Fatigue 4. Heat cramps 5. Headache 6. Dizzyness 7. Nausea 8. Vomiting
First aid for heat exhaustion: 1. Move to cool area 2. Loosen clothing 3. Give water 4. Cool body w/ wet cloths
Move a victim only if: 1. Fire/explosion 2. Poisonous fumes 3. Risk of structure collapse 4. Position for lifesaving care 5. In the way of another victim
Created by: MithraG



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