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AP Human Chpt 12

QuestionAnswer
Basic Industries Industries that sell their products or services primarily to consumers outside the settlement.
Business Services Services that primarily meet the needs of other businesses, including professional, financial, and transportation services.
Central Business District (CBD) The area of a city where retail and office activities are clustered.
Central Place A market center for the exchange of services by people attracted form the surrounding area.
Central Place Theory Says that there are fewer larger settlements than small ones, and larger settlements are generally spread farther apart than small ones.
City-State A sovereign state comprising a city and its immediate hinterland.
Clustered Rural Settlement A rural settlement in which the houses and farm buildings of each family are situated close to each other and fields surround the settlement.
Consumer Services Businesses that provide services primarily to individual customers.
Dispersed Rural Settlement A rural settlement pattern characterized by isolated farms rather than clustered villages.
Economic Base A community's collection of basic industries.
Enclosure Movement The process of consolidating small landholdings into a smaller number of larger farms.
Gravity Model A model that holds that the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location and inversely related to the distance people must travel to reach the service.
Market Area The area surrounding a central place, from which people are attracted to use the place's foods and services.
Nonbasic Industries Industries that sell their products primarily to consumers in the community.
Primate City The largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement.
Public Services Services offered by the government to provide security and protection for citizens and businesses.
Range The maximum distance people are willing to travel to use a service.
Rank Size Rule A pattern of settlements in a country, such that the nth largest settlement is 1/n the population of the largest settlement.
Service Any activity that fulfills a human want or need and returns money to those who provide it.
Settlement A permanent collection of buildings and inhabitants.
Threshold The minimum number of people needed to support the service.
Created by: 1008106064
 

 



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