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Phlebotomy Ch. 2

Ch. 2 Key terms

QuestionAnswer
Deficiency of red blood cell. Anemia
Substance that prevents blood from clotting. Anticoagulant
Malignant overproduction of white blood cells. Leukemia
Liquid portion of blood. Plasma
Clear yellow fluid that remains after clotted blood has been centrifuged and separated. Serum
Destruction of red blood cells Hemostatis
Instrument that spins test tubes at high speeds to separate the cellular and liquid portions of blood. Centrifuge
Ions in the blood. Electrolyte
Method of seperation by electrical charge Electrophoresis
Protein capable of producing a chemical reaction with a specific substance. Enzyme
to subject to or to undergo hemolysis Hemolyzed
Appearing yellow Icteric
Chemical analysis performed using antigens and antibodies Immunochemistry
Pertaining to turbidity (appears cloudy white) from lipids. Lipemic
Study of poisons. Toxicology
Protein produced by expo-sure to antigen. Antibody
Substance that stimulates the formation of antibodies. Antigen
Classification based on the presence or absence of A or B antigens on the red blood cells. Blood Group
Procedures that matches patient and donor blood before a transfusion. Compatibility
Component of fresh plasma that contains clotting factors. Cryoprecipitate
Plasma collected form a unit of blood and immediately frozen. Fresh frozen plasma
The study of blood cell antigens and their antibodies. Immunohematology
Blood from which the plasma has been removed. Packed cells
The presence and identity of abnormal antibodies. Rh Type
405 to 495 ml of blood collected from a donor for a transfusion. Unit of blood
Condition in which a person produces antibodies that react with the person’s own antigens. Autoimmunity
Another name for antibody Immunoglobulin
The study of the immune system Immunology
The study of serum Serology
one-cell Microorganizism Bacteria
The study of bacteria Bacteriology
Microbiology test to identify microorganism and determine antibiotic susceptibility. Culture and sensitivity
Stan used to classify bacteria Gram stain
Study of microorganisms Microbiology
one-cell organism such as a bacterium or virus. Microorganism
The study of fungi Mycology
The study of parasites Parasitology
Study of virus Virology
Protein structure formed in the tubules of the kidney. Cast
The first voided urine specimen collected immediately upon arising; recommend a screening specimen. First morning sample
Glucose in the urine Glycosuria
Blood or hemoglobin in the urine Hematuria/Hemolglobinuria
Ketones in the urine Ketonuria
Protein in the urine Proteinuria
Chemical-impregnated plastic strip used for analysis of urine Reagent Strip
Physical, Chemical, and Microscopic analysis of urine. Urinalysis
Created by: theboger03