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Geography of Africa


How Big is Africa 11,700,000 miles
5 Distinct Zones Mediterranean Basin Desert Zone Sahel Savanna Equatorial Region
Mediterranean Basin Zone AKA:fertile cresent, near med. sea
Desert Zone Includes Sahara,Kalahari,Namib
Sahel Dry steppe area with little rainfall and desertification;mali, niger, burkina faso and parts of senegal
Savanna area with low grass land, which makes up 2/3 of the continent
Equatorial Region Abundant rainfall, with high vegatation and rainforest, which is not very common on the continent
What are the 2 distinct conditions? Tropical:located primarily sub-saharan;Temperate:areas of low humidity
Influences weather conditions? Harmattan Wind: cold wind that blows jan-march,flows in the northern areas
ITCZ Inter Tropical Convergence Zone:2 parts:Seasonal and Migratory:made up of 2 air masses:a wet, and dry mass converge, and precipitation is seasonal
The process of Transhumance this is when people abandon the areas, or migrate from arid conditions to maintain economic stability during dry seasons, thus the cities are becoming mre congested during this time, thus the move from areas of production to more urban conditions
African Plateaus drakensburg,Bihe,East African, Ennedi, Ahaggar,Jos,Djouf
Important Rivers Nile, Limpupo,Zambezi,Volta,Niger
Vegetational Zones Tuberous Crops (largely sub-saharan, such as yam and casava plant Fibrous Croups (northern Africa)grow above ground and are more involved in photosynthesis
Ecological Zones rain forest, savanna, trees, grasses,steepes, as you travel from coast to coast these change
Malaria Mosquito
Oncho Black fly
Sleeping Sickness Tisti Fly
Map of Africa Created The berlin conference 1884-1885
Created by: chillnjuslisen