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phlebotomy vocabulary

phlebotomy the collection of blood and associated procedures
venipuncture the collection of blood from a vein
vacuum tube a specimen collection tube, sealed to contain a vacuum, which can draw a specimen inside through a needle
butterfly winged infusion set
certification satisfactory completion of an educational program including skills and exams
CLIA Clinical Laboratroy Improvements Act of 1988; regulates all lab procedures, quality assurance procedures, and the personnel performing them
NCCLS National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards; develops standards for accurate performance of lab procedures based on voluntary consensus
NAACLS National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences
BBP bloodborne pathogen; a disease producing microorganism that can be present in blood and other body fluids
PPE personal protective equipment; provides barrier protection from bloodborne pathogen exposure
informed consent patients have been given details of the procedure, associated risks, possible side effects, and other information prior to the procedure
Patient's Bill of Rights developed by the American Hospital Association, describes the rights and privileges of all clients in any health care setting
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970; ensures a safe workplace environment and practices
CDC The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
drawing station places designated for collecting blood specimens
sharps container a rigid, puncture resistant, leakproof container identified by a biohazard label and used to sore sharp medical wastes
tourniquet they restrict the flow of blood in the area being drawn and often makes it easier to locate and penetrate a suitable vein
pressure bandage bandage that is tightly applied over gauze to control bleeding
impervious liquid cannot pass through
biohazard a body fluid, tissue, or substance that could potentially cause a BBP infection
gauge unit used to measure the insid diameter of a needle
antecubital area (fossa) central area of the arm where superficial veins are readily located for venipuncture
bevel the angular cut on the end of the needle
hemolysis the breaking of the cell membrane and freeing of the contents
anchoring process of positioning the finger of the nondrawing hand in a way that secures the vein being punctured
centrifugation process of spinning specimens at high speeds to separate liquid from cellular portions based on density
serum the liquid that remains and lacks fibrinogen when clotted blood is centrifuged
stat requires immediate attention
serum separator tubes vacuum tubes with a gel substance that separates the liquid from the solid components of blood by a physical barrier
anticoagulant a chemical added to prevent blood from clotting
plasma the liquid that remains and contains fibrinogen when anticoagulated blood is centrifuged
EDTA ethylenedamine-tetraacetic acid; an anticoagulant frequently used when collecting blood specimens for hematology
antiseptic a chemical that inhibits the growth of microorganisms; 70% alcohol if frequently used
disinfectant a chemical that kills microorganisms, too corrosive for the skin
order of draw Blood culture, Nonadditive, Coagulation, Gel, Heparin, EDTA, Fluoride
QNS quantity not sufficient to provide accurate test results
skin puncture collection of blood by capillary puncture
accrediting agencies organizations that evaluate the quality of an educational program or institution through peer review and protect the public from unprofessional practices and inadequate training
waived, moderately complex, and highly complex tests categories of lab tests classified by CLIA based on difficulty level and the educational level of personnel training required for accurate performance
standard precautions universal precautions; reduces the risk of the transmission of pathogens and body substance isolation
Created by: rcalhoun



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