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LP - Chapter 3

Lake Park - AP Human Geography - Chapter 3 Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
Brain Drain Large-scale emigration by talented people
Chain Migration Migration of people to a specific location because relatives or members of the same nationality previously migrated there
Counterurbanization Net migration from urban to rural areas in more developed countries
Emigration Migration from a location
Forced Migration Permanent movement compelled usually by cultural factors
Guest Workers Workers who migrate to the more developed countries of Northern and Western Europe, usually from Southern and Eastern Europe or from North Africa, in search of higher-paying jobs
Immigration Migration to a new location
Internal Migration Permanent movement within a particular location
International Migration Permanent movement from on location to another
Interregional Migration Permanent movement from one region of a country to another
Intraregional Migration Permanent movement within one region of a country
Intervening Obstacle An environmental or cultural feature of the landscape that hinders migration
Net Migration The difference between the level of immigration and the level of emigration
Voluntary Migration Permanent movement undertaken by choice
Migration Form of relocation diffusion involving a permanent move to a new location
Quotas In reference to migration, laws that place maximum limits on the number of people who can immigrate to a country each year
Transhumance A seasonal periodic movement of pastoralists and their livestock between highland and lowland pastures
Gravity Model A mathematical prediction of the interaction of places, the interaction being a function of population size of the respective places and the distance between them
Push Factors Negative conditions and perceptions that induce people to leave their abode and migrate to a new locale
Pull Factors Positive conditions and perceptions that effectively attract people to new locales from other areas
Internal Migration Human movement within a nation-state, such as ongoing westward and southward movements in the United States
International Migration- Human movement involving movement across international boundaries
Quotas Established limits by governments on the number of immigrants who can enter a country each year
Selective Immigration Process to control immigration in which individuals with certain backgrounds (i.e. criminal records, poor health, or subversive activities) are barred from immigration
Nomadism Movement among a definite set of places—often cyclic movement
Step Migration To a distant destination that occurs in stages, for example, from farm to nearby village and later to town and city
Intervening Opportunity The presence of a nearer opportunity that greatly diminishes the attractiveness of sites farther away
Refugees People who have fled their country because of political persecution and seek asylum in another country
Counter Migration The return of migrants to the regions from which they earlier emigrated
Step Migration A migration in which an eventual long-distance relocation is undertaken in stages as, for example, from farm to village to small town to city
Gravity Model A mathematical prediction of the interaction between two bodies as a function of their size and of the distance separating them. Attraction is proportional to the product of the masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them
Intervening Opportunity The concept that closer opportunities will materially reduce the attractiveness of interaction with more distant—even slightly better—alternativeness; a closer alternative source of supply between a demand point and the original source of supply
Carrying Capacity The largest number of people that the environment of a particular area can sustainably support
Rust Belt The northern industrial states of the United States, including Ohio, Michigan, and Pennsylvania, in which heavy industry was once the dominant economic activity, In the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s, these states lost much of their economic base to the south
Sun Belt U.S. region, mostly comprised of southeastern and southwestern states, which has grown most dramatically since World War II