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LP - Chapter 4

Lake Park - AP Human Geography - Chapter 4 Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
Custom The frequent repetition of an act, to the extent that it becomes characteristic of the group of people performing the act
Folk Culture Culture traditionally practiced by a small, homogenous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups
Popular Culture Culture found in a large, heterogeneous society that shares certain habits despite differences in other personal characteristics
Taboo A restriction on behavior imposed by social custom
Culture The sum total of the knowledge, attitudes, and habitual behavior patterns shared and transmitted by the members of a society
Folk Culture Cultural traits such as dress modes, dwellings, traditions, and institutions of usually small, traditional communities
Popular Culture Cultural traits such as dress, diet and music that identify and are part of today’s changeable, urban-based, media-influenced western societies
Material Culture The art, housing, clothing, sports, dances, foods, and other similar items constructed or created by a group of people
Nonmaterial Culture The beliefs, practices, aesthesis, and values of a group of people
Hearth The area where an idea or cultural trait originates
Assimilation The processed through which people lose originally differentiating traits, such as dress, speech particularities or mannerisms when they come into contact with another society or culture
Commodification The process through which something is given monetary value
Cultural Appropriation The process by which cultures adopt customs and knowledge from other cultures and use them for their own benefit
Time-space Compression A term associated with t work of David Harvey that refers to the social and psychological effects of living in a world in which time- space convergence has rapidly reached a high level of intensity
Placelessness The loss of uniqueness of place in the cultural landscape so that one place looks like the next
Acculturation Cultural modification or change the results when a culture group or individual adopts traits of dominant or host society; cultural development or change through borrowing
Cultural Convergence The tendency for cultures to become more alike as they increasingly share to become more alike as they increasingly share technology and organizational structures in a modern world united by improved transportation and communication
Cultural Divergence The likelihood or tendency for cultures to become increasingly dissimilar with the passage of time
Cultural Ecology The study of the interactions between societies and the natural environments they occupy
Cultural Integration The interconnectedness of all aspects of a culture: no part can be altered without creating an impact on other components or the culture
Culture Complex A related set of culture traits descriptive of one aspect of a society’s behavior or activity. May be as basic as food preparation, serving, and consumption or as involved as religious beliefs or business practices
Syncretism The development of a new form of culture trait by the fusion of two or more distinct parental elements
Acculturation The cultural change of a people upon direct contact with a different culture
Assimilation The dying out of the old culture as it becomes replaced with the culture where a person or group of people currently reside
Folk Culture The practice of a particular custom of a relatively small group of people that increases the group’s uniqueness
Popular Culture The culture that s not tied to a specific location but rather general location based on its widespread diffusion
Cultural Trait The specific customs that are part of the everyday life of a particular culture
Cultural Extinction Obliteration of an entire culture by war , disease, acculturation, or a combination of the three
Folk Culture Refers to a constellation of cultural practices that form the sights, smells, sounds, and rituals of everyday existence in the traditional societies in which they developed
Popular Culture Dynamic culture based in large, heterogeneous societies permitting considerable individualism, innovation, and change; weak interpersonal ties, and producing and consuming machine-made goods
Syncretic Traditions that borrow from both the past and the present
Transculturation The expansion of cultural traits through diffusion, adoption, and other related processes