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LP - Chapter 6

Lake Park - AP Human Geography - Chapter 6 Vocabulary

Animism Belief that objects, such as plants, stones, or natural events (thunderstorms and earthquakes), have a discrete spirit and conscious life
Autonomous Religion A religion that doesn’t have a central authority, but shares ideas and cooperates formally
Caste The class or distinct hereditary order into which a Hindu is assigned according to religious law
Cosmogony A set of religious beliefs concerning the origin of the universe
Denomination A division of a branch that unites a number of local congregations into a single legal or administrated body
Ethnic Religion A religion with a relatively concentrated special distribution whose principles are likely to be based on the physical characteristics of the particular location in which its adherents are concentrated.
Fundamentalism Literal interpretation and strict adherence to basic principles of a region
Hierarchical Religion A religion in which a central authority exercises a high degree of control
Monotheism The doctrine, or belief, that there is only one God
Polytheism Belief in, or worship of, more than one God
Sect a relatively small group that was broken away from an established denomination
Universalizing Religion A religion that attempts to appeal to all people, not just these living in a particular region
Religion A system of beliefs and practices that attempts to order life in terms of culturally perceived ultimate priorities
Secularism The idea that ethical and moral standards should be formulated and adhered to for life on earth, not to accommodate the prescriptions of a deity and promises of a comfortable afterlife. Opposite of Theocracy
Monotheistic Religion Belief system in which one Supreme Being is revered as creator and arbiter of all that exists in the universe
Polytheistic Religion Belief system in which multiple deities are revered as creators and arbiters of all that exists in the universe
Diaspora Describing forceful or voluntary disposal of a people from their homeland to a new place. Related to Jews and slave trade with Chinese people in China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong
Interfaith Boundaries Boundaries between the world’s major faiths
Intrafaith Boundaries Boundaries within a single major faith
Religious Fundamentalism Religious movement who’s objectives are to return to the foundations of the faith and to influence state policy
Religious Extremism Religion taken to the point of violence
Shamanism Community faith in traditional society’s in which people follow there, Shaman- a religious leader, teacher, healer, and visionary. At times, and especially strong, Shaman might attract a regional following; however, most Shamans’ remain local figures
Ethnic Religion A religion identified with a particular ethnic group and largely exclusive to it. Such a religion does not seek converts
Universalizing Religion A religion that claims global truth, applicability, and seeks the conversion of all human-kind.
Shamanism A form of tribal religion based on belief in a hidden world of gods, ancestral spirits and demons, responsive only to a Shaman or interceding priest
Syncretism The development of a new form of culture trait by the fusion of 2 or more distinct parental elements
Secularism A rejection of or indifference to religion and religious practices.
Shinto The polytheistic, ethnic religion that includes reverence of deities of natural form and veneration of the emperor as descendent of the sun-goddess
Jainism A religion that is based on non-materialism, but at its core is considered an atheist philosophy
Baha’i A universalizing religion that is practiced in parts of Africa and Asia. Similar to Sikhism in the sense that both advocate the elimination of religious differences
Sikhism This religion founded by Guru Nanak, holds belief in one God, rejects the caste system of India and believes that all people are created equal
Theocracy State that is ruled by religious leaders where the church plays on integral part in the administration of the country
Shamanism The range of traditional beliefs and practices that claim the ability to cure, heal, and cause pain to people. Thought of as good or bad
Sharia Law The legal from work with which public and some private aspects of life are regulated for those living in a legal system based on Muslim principles. Effects many Muslims worldwide
Sikhism Began in Northern India, 16th century. Principle belief is Vahiguru, emphasizes faith in God, minor religion in India, affects lots of people
Shintoism Said to be way of God
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