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LP - Chapter 7

Lake Park - AP Human Geography - Chapter 7 Vocabulary

Apartheid Laws (No longer in effect) in South Africa that physically separated different races into different geographic areas
Balkanization Process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among its ethnicities
Blockbusting A process by which real estate agents convince white property owners to sell their houses at low prices because of fear that persons of color will soon move into the neighborhood
Ethnic Cleansing Process in which a more powerful ethnic group forcibly removes a less powerful one in order to create an ethnically homogeneous region
Ethnicity Identity with a group of people that share distinct physical and mental traits as a product of common heredity and cultural traditions
Multi-ethnic state State that contains more than one ethnicity
Multinational State State that contains two or more ethnic groups with traditions of self-determination that agree to coexist peacefully by recognizing each other as distinct nationalities
Nationalism Loyalty and devotion to a particular nationality
Nation-state A state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality
Race Identity with a group of people descended from a common ancestor
Self-determination Concept that ethnicities have the right to govern themselves
Gender Social differences between men and women, rather than the anatomical, biological differences between the sexes. Notions of gender differences-that is, what is considered “feminine” or “masculine”-vary greatly over time and space
Residential Segregation Defined by geographers Douglas Massey and Nancy Denton as the degree to which two or more groups live separately from one another, in different parts of an urban environment.
Acculturation Cultural modification or change that results when one culture group or individual adopts traits of a dominant or host society; cultural development or change through “borrowing”.
Amalgamation Theory In ethnic geography, the concept that multiethnic societies become a merger of the culture traits of their member groups
Assimilation A two-part behavioral and structural process by which a minority population reduces or loses completely its identifying cultural characteristics and blends into the host society
Behavioral (Cultural) Assimilation The process of integration into a common cultural life through acquisition of the sentiments, attitudes, and experiences of other groups
Ethnic Enclave A small area occupied by a distinctive minority culture
Ethnocentrism Conviction of the evident superiority of one’s own ethnic group
Structural Assimilation The distribution of immigrant ethnics among the groups and social strata of a host society, but without their full behavioral assimilation into it
Tipping Point The degree of neighborhood racial or ethnic mixing that includes the former majority group to move out rapidly