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LP - Chapter 12

Lake Park - AP Human Geography - Chapter 12 Vocabulary

Basic Industries Industries that sell their products or services primarily to consumers outside the settlement
Business Service Services that primarily meet the needs of other businesses, including professional, financial, and transportation services
Central Business District (CBD) The area of a city where retail and office activities are clustered
Central Place A market center for the exchange of services by people attracted from the surrounding area
Central Place Theory Theory that explains the distribution of services, settlements serve as centers of market areas for services; larger settlements are fewer and farther apart and provide services for a larger number of people who are willing to travel farther
City-state A sovereign state compromising a city and its immediate hinterland
Consumer Services Businesses that provide services primarily to individual consumers, including retail services abd education, health, and leisure service
Economic Base A community’s collection of basic industries
Enclosure Movement The process of consolidating small landholdings into smaller number of large farms in England during the eighteenth century
Gravity Model A model that holds that the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location and inversely related to the distance people must travel to reach a service
Market Area (hinterland) The area surrounding a central place, from which people are attracted to use the place’s goods and services
Nonbasic Industries Industries that sell their products primarily to consumers in the community
Primate City The largest settlement in a country, if it had more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement
Primate City Rule A pattern of settlements in a country, such that the largest settlement has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement
Range (of a service) The maximum distance people are willing to travel to use a service
Rank-size Rule A pattern of settlements in a country, such that the nth largest settlement is 1/n the population of the largest settlement
Service Any activity that fulfills a human want or need and returns money to those who provide it
Settlement A permanent collection of buildings and inhabitants
Threshold The minimum number of people needed to support their service