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92131

Fertile Crescent/Mesopotamia

TermDefinition
Fertile Crescent large arc of rich or fertile farmland
Mesopotamia means "between the rivers" in Greek
silt mixture of rich soil and tiny rocks
irrigation a way of supplying water to an area of land
canals human-made waterways
surplus more than needed
division of labor arrangement in which each workers specializes in a particular task or job
rural countryside
urban city
city-state consisted of a city and all the countryside around it
empire land with different territories and peoples under a single rule
role a part or function
impact effect, result
polytheism worship of many gods
Priests people who performed religious ceremonies
social hierarchy division of society by rank or class
cuneiform world's first system of writing
pictographs picture symbols
scribe writer
epics long poems that told stories of heroes
architecture science of building
ziggurat a pyramid-shaped temple tower
monarch a ruler of a kingdom or empire
Hammurabi's Code set of 282 laws that dealt with almost every part of daily life
chariot a wheeled, horse-drawn cart used in battle
alphabet set of letters that can be combined to form words
Nebuchadnezzar Chaldean king who rebuilt Babylon into a beautiful city
Gilgamesh King of Uruk who became a legendary figure in Sumerian literature
Sargon King of Akkad; built the world's first empire after defeating Sumer and northern Mesopotamia
barter trading system in which people exchange goods directly without using money
stele carved stone slab or pillar that stands on end
colony an area ruled by a distant country
cultural diffusion spreading of cultural traits from one region to another
Created by: KARENCROSBY