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Bonewit Chapter 15

introduction to the clinical laboratory

A method of laboratory testing in which the series of steps in the test method is performed with an automated analyzer automated method
abstaining form food or fluids (except water) for a specified amount of time before the collection of a specimen fasting
The state in which body systems are functioning normally, and the internal enviroment of the body is in equilibrium; the boyd is in a healthy state homeostatis
occurring in the living body or organism in vivo
the clinical analysis and study of materials, fluids, or tissues obtained from patients to assist in diagnosis and treatment of disease laboratory test
a method of laboratory testing in which the series of steps in the test method is perrormed by hand manual method
a certain established and acceptable parameter or reference range within which the laboratory test results of a healthy individual are expected to fall normal range
the liquid part of the blood, consisting of a clear, yellowish fluid that comprises approximately 55% of the total blood volume plasma
numerous laboratory tests providing related or complementary infromation used to determine the health status of a patient profile
the application of methods to ensure that test results are reliable and valid and that errors and detected and eliminated quality control
a laboratory test performed routinely on apparently healthy patients to assist in the early detection of disease routine test
the clear, straw-colored part of the blood (plasma) that remains after the solid elements and the clotting factor fibrinogen have been separated out of it serum
a small sample of something taken to show the nature of the whole specimen
a substance that is being identified or measured in a laboratory report analyte
a mechanism to check the precision and accuracy of a test system, such as an automated analyzer to determine if the system is providing accurate results; typically performed using a device called a standard calibration
a tentative deiagnosis of a pt's condition obtained through evaluation of the health history and the PE, without the bnefit of laboratory or diagnostic tests clinical diagnosis
a complex lab test that does not meet the CLIA criteria for waiver and is subject to the CLIA regulations nonwaived test
a printed document supplied by the manufacturer with a laboratory test product that contains information on te proper storage and use of the product product insert
a test that indicates the exact ampount of a chemical substance that is present in the body, with the results being reported in measurable units. quantitative test
a test that indicates whether or not a substance is present in the specimen being tested and also provides an approximate indication of the amount of the substance. qualitative test
a substance that produces a reaction with a patient specimen that allows detection of measurement of he substance by the test system reagent
a certain established and acceptable parameter or reference range within which the laboratory test results of a healthy individual are expected to fall (aka reference value and reference interval) reference range
a setup that includes all of the test components required to perform a laboratory test such as testing devices, controls and testing reagents test system
a laboratory test that meets the CLIA criteria for being a simple procedure thta is easy to perform and has a low risk of erroneous test results; these have been FDA approved for home use. waived test
Created by: AlyssaSearls