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Pharmacology - C18

Endocrine System Medications

QuestionAnswer
The endocrine system sends messages throughout the body by _____? Secreting Hormones
What is known as the MASTER GLAND? Pituitary Gland
What is the Pituitary Gland known as the MASTER GLAND Because it secretes most of the bodys hormones
They Hypothalmus is the bodys ______? SWITCHBOARD
What does the Hypothalmus tell the Pituitary Gland to do? What hormones to send out to the body
When a hormone level becomes TO HIGH, the body tells the hypothalmus, wich in turns tells the Pituitary Gland TO STOP, What is this called? Negative Feed Back
What is the Pineal Gland A small gland found in the brain
What does the Pineal Gland secrete? Melatonin
What does MELATONIN aid in? SLEEPing
What does the THYROID GLAND DO? Cues INDIVIDUAL GLANDS TO WORK
What is know as THE ON SWITCH of the body? The Thyroid
What hormones does the THYROID PRODUCE? T3 and T4
A decrease prodcution in T3 and T4 is known as what? HYPOTHYROIDISIM
Hypothyroidism can lead to skin and tissue disorders called what? Myxedema
In hypothyroidism utero can lead to what? Cretinism
What is CRETINISM? A CONGENTIAL condition caused by a lack of thryroid hormones
What is HYPERTHYROIDISM? Hyperactive thyroid...DUUU
What disease can HYPERTHYROIDISM lead to? GRAVES DISEASE
What is an ENLARGED THRYOID called? Goiter
What ORGAN does PROLACTIN EFFECT It stimulates milk production in the mammary glands
To much prolactin can cause what Over production of milk
Milk production in a non-nursing patient can be a sign of what? Pituitary Tumor
To little of PROLATIC can cause what? Underproduction of milk which can caused difficulty in nursing
PROLACTIN IS IN THE FRONT OR ANTERIOR of the PITUITARY GLAND FRONT LOBE
What is FSH FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE
FSH is in the FRONT OR ANTERIOR of the Pituitary Gland FRONT LOBE
What ORGAN does FSH Target and what are the effects? Stimulates SPERM IN MEN - EGG PRODUCTION IN WOMEN
To much FSH can cuase what? Increased Fertility
To little FSH can cause what? Men - Sterility and Women - Irregular or ABSENT Menese
What is ADH? ANTIDIURETIC HORMONE
ADH is in the FRONT or BACK of the Pituitary? BACK - POSTERIOR
What organ does the ADH target and what are the effects? KIDNEYS - Conserves fluids by changing the permeability of the kidneys
To much ADH CAN CAUSE WHAT? SIADH - Syndrome of Inappropriate Antiduretic Hormone - To much fluid is retained - Tx Diuretics
To little ADH can cause what? Diabetes Insipidus
When the kidneys excrete TO MUCH FLUID what can this cause? Dehyrdation
Oxytocin targets what organ and has what effect Contracts the uterus and the milk ducts in women and in men CONTRACTS the Prostate Gland
To much Oxytocin can cause what? The UTERUS or PROSTATE to rupture ( Rarely happens)
To LITTLE OXYTOCIN can casue what? Labor may be slower - Milk expulsion Constricted -
What is the treatment for to little Oxytocin? Pictocin (IM or IV)
Diabetes is a disease characterized by _____? Hyperglycemia
With Diabets Type 1, destruction of the beta cells of the pancrease causes ______ ? a decrease or lack of insulin secretion
With TYPE 2 diabetes, the patien is INSULIN ____ . RESISTANT - Meaning their bodies do not respond well to insulin
Patients with TYPE 1 require what type of treatment? INSULIN
Patients with TYPE 2 require what type of treatment? Managed by diet or ORAL DIABETIC TABLETS
What are some signs of HYPERGLYCEMIA? Increased Urination (from flushing) - Increased Thirst (cells are dehydrated) - Increased Hunger (body just flushed out its energy source).
What are some signs of HYPOGLYCEMIA? Restlessness, shaky hands, lethargy, seizures and coma
When INSULIN IS TO HIGH and LOW BLOOD SUGAR OCCURS, what sould you do? Give immediatly JUICE, HONEY AND HARD CANDY
What MIGHT ad DR Order to correct low blood glucose levels? DEXTROSE IV or GLUCAGON IM or IV
Semilente has a _____ action? SHORT
Semilente has an onset action of _____ hours and last ______ ? 1-1.5 hours and 12-16 Hours
BOTH NPH and LENTE has a ______ action? INTERMEDIATE
NPH has an onset action of ____ hours and last ____> 1-1.5 hours and last 24 hours
Lente has an onset action of ____ hours and last ____ hours 1-2.5 and last 24 hours
What does INTERMEDIATE ACTING INSULIN MEAN? Insulin is mixed with soemthing that makes the body abosrb the insulin more slowly
What is ACTH? Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
What gland secrets ACTH? Adrenal Glands
When does ADDISON DISEASE OCCUR? When the adrenal cortex does not secret enough glucocorticoid
Created by: spoon6464