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PHM 316 ch 16

Male Reproductive System

balan/o glans penis
epididym/o epididymis
orch/o testis or testicle
orchi/o testis or testicle
orchid/o testis or testicle
test/o testis or testicle
perine/o perineum
prostat/o prostate
sperm/o sperm (seed)
spermat/o sperm (seed)
vas/o vessel
aspermia inability to secrete or ejaculate sperm
azoospermia semen without living spermatozoa, a sign of infertility in the male
oligospermia scanty production and expulsion of sperm
mucopurulent discharge drainage of mucus and pus
anorchism absence of one or both testes
balanitis inflammation of glans penis
cryptorchism undescended testicle; failure of a testis to descend into the scrotal sac during fetal development; it most often remains lodged in the abdomen or inguinal canal requiring surgical repair
epididymitis inflammation of the epididymis
hydrocele hernia of fluid in the testis or tubes leading from the testis
hypospadias congenital opening of the male urethra on the undersurface of the penis
erectile dysfunction (ED) failure to initiate or maintain an erection until ejaculation because of physical or psychological dysfunction; formerly termed impotence
peyronie disease disorder characterized by a buildup of hardened fibrous tissue in the corpus cavernosum causing pain and a defective curvature of the penis, especially during erection
phimosis narrowed condition of the prepuce (foreskin) resulting in its inability to be drawn over the glans penis, often leading to infection - commonly requires circumcision
benign prostatic hyperplasia/hypertrophy enlargement of the prostate gland; frequently seen in older men causing urinary obstruction
prostate cancer malignancy of the prostate gland
prostatitis inflammation of the prostate
spermatocele painless, benign cystic mass containing sperm lying above and posterior to the testicle, but separate from it
testicular cancer malignant tumor in one or both testicles commonly developing from the germ cells that produce sperm - classified into two groups according to growth potential
seminoma most common type of testicular tumor, composed of immature germ cells - highly treatable with early detection
nonseminomas testicular tumors arising from more mature germ cells that have a tendancy to be more aggressive than seminomas; often develop earlier in life (includes choriocarcinome, embryonal carcinoma, teratoma, and yolk sac tumors)
varicocele enlarged, swollen herniated veins near the testis
Created by: HugsAndKisses