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PHM 316 ch 15

Urinary System

QuestionAnswer
albumin/o protein
bacteri/o bacteria
cyst/o bladder or sac
vesic/o bladder or sac
dips/o thirst
glomerul/o glomerulus (little ball)
gluc/o sugar
glucos/o sugar
glyc/o sugar
ket/o ketone bodies
keton/o ketone bodies
lith/o stone
meat/o meatus (opening)
nephr/o kidney
ren/o kidney
pub/o pubic bone
pyel/o renal pelvic (basin)
py/o pus
ureter/o ureter
urethr/o urethra
ur/o urine
urin/o urine
albuminuria presence of albumin in the urine; occurs in renal disease or in normal urine after heavy exercise
proteinuria presence of albumin in the urine; occurs in renal disease or in normal urine after heavy exercise
anuria absence of urine formation
bacteriuria presence of bacteria in the urine
dysuria painful urination
enuresis to void urine; involuntary discharge of urine, most often refers to lack of bladder control
nocturnal enuresis bed wetting during sleep
hematuria presence of blood in the urine
glucosuria glucose (sugar) in the urine
incontinence involuntary discharge of urine or feces
stress urinary incontinence (SUI) involuntary discharge of urine at the time of cough, sneeze, or strained exercise
ketonuria presence of ketone bodies in the urine
ketone bodies acetone, beta-hydroxybutyric acid, and acetoacetic acid are products of metabolism that appear in the urine as a result of an abnormal utilization of carbohydrates; seen in uncontrolled diabetes and starvation
ketone compounds acetone, beta-hydroxybutyric acid, and acetoacetic acid are products of metabolism that appear in the urine as a result of an abnormal utilization of carbohydrates; seen in uncontrolled diabetes and starvation
nocturia urination at night
oliguria scanty production of urine
polyuria condition of excessive urination
pyuria presence of white cells in the urine, usually indicating infection
urinary retention retention of urine owing to the inability to void (urinate) naturally because of spasm, obstruction, etc
adult polycystic kidney disease (APKD) inherited condition of multiple cysts that gradually form in the kidney causing destruction of normal tissue that leads to renal failure. diagnosed in adults presenting with hypertension, kidney enlargement, and recurrent urinary tract infections
glomerulonephritis form of nephritis involving the glomerulus
hydronephrosis dilation and pooling of urine in the renal pelvis and calyces of one or both kidneys causes by an obstruction in the outflow of urine
nephritis inflammation of the kidney
pyelonephritis inflammation of the renal pelvis
nephrosis degenerative disease of the renal tubules
nephrolithiasis presence of renal stone or stones caused by mineral buildup in the kidneys - most commonly as a result of hyperuricuria (excessive amount of uric acid in the urine) or hypercalciuria (excessive amount of calcium in the urine)
cystitis inflammation of the bladder
urethritis inflammation of the urethra
urethrocystitis inflammation of the urethra and bladder
urethral stenosis narrowed condition of the urethra
urinary tract infection (UTI) invasion of pathogenic organisms (commonly bacteria) in the structures of the urinary tract, especially the urethra and bladder; symptoms include dysuria, urinary frequency, and malaise
uremia excessive urea and other nitrogenous waste in the blood as a result of kidney failure
azotemia excessive urea and other nitrogenous waste in the blood as a result of kidney failure
Created by: HugsAndKisses