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Case Study vocab 2

Case Study vocbulary 2

AbbreviationsWhat it stands for
ABY Antibody screen ( a blood bank test )
AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
Anat or Clin Path Anatomic or clinical pathology
APTT Automated partial thromboplastin time
BILI, Dir and Total Bilirubin, Direct and Total
BMT Bone marrow transplant
BP Blood Pressure
CAP College of American Pathologist
CBC Complete Blood COunt
Cl- Cloride (ionic)
CLIA Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendment-the law that regulates human testing
CO2 Carbon Dioxide
DIFF A differential blood smear
dL Deciliter= 100ml or 0.1 liter
EDTA Ethylenediamine Tetra-acetic Acid: the anticoagulant in Lavender top tubes, used in CBC
EMLA Eutectic Mixture of Local Anesthetics (an emulsion that can be applied to skin to deaden pain
FFP Fresh frozen plasma
FUo Fever of unknown origin
G force Gravitational Force
GLUC glucose
GTT Glucose Tolerance test
HbG or HB Hemoglobin-carries oxygen inside the red blood cells
HBV Hepatitis B virus
HCG Human Chorionic Gonadotropin=hormone secreted in pregnancy
HCT Hematocrit=%of packed RBCs per 100ml whole blood
HIPAA Health Insurance Portability & Accountability Act-protects the security & confidentiality of electronic health information
Hrs PP Hours post-pranial (after eating)
HTLV Virus associated with AIDS
IV Intravenous-within the veins
JVAHO "joint Commission" regulated hospitals and provides standards
K+ Potassium (ionic)
LYTES Electrolytes (Na, K, CL, CO2 are the major four)
MI Myocardial infarction= heart attack
mL Milliliter=1/1000 liter
MONO Infectious Mononucleosis
MSDS Material safety Data Sheets
Na Abbreviation for Sodium
Na Citrate Sodium Citrate=an anticoagulant in blue top tubes
Na Fluoride Sodium Fluoride=an anticoagulant that inhibits glycolysis
Na Heparin Sodium Heparin=an anticoagulant in green top tubes
Na Oxalate Sodium Oxalate=an anticoagulant in black top tubes
CLSI Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute-recommends quality standards and guidelines for clinical laboratory procedures
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration that regulates safe work practices
Packed RBCs Red Blood Cells with the plasma removed as much as possible
pH a number that indicated how much a chemical solution is acid or base nature; the lower the number, the more acid. Water is 7=neutral Ammonia is above 7
PLT Platelet=cellular component of blood that forms a plug needed to stop bleeding in humans
POCT Point of Care testing=testing performed at the patient's side rather than sent off to a lab (e.g. sugar, urinalysis, cholesterol)
POL Physican office laboratories
PPE Personal Protective Equipment
ProTime Prothrombin Time/test extrinsic coagulation factors
PTT Partial thrombosplastin time= like APTT
QA Quality Assurance=systemic method for insuring accuracy and validity in testing
QC Quality Control=practices that are used as part of the overall QA effort
QNS Quantity Not Sufficient=there is not enough blood to do the test
RBC Red Blood Cell=the cell that uses its hemoglobin to carry oxygen to the tissue
RCF relative centrifugal force=what a centrifuge measures in "G" or gravitational units; the force exerted from the center out...
RhoGam RhO gamma Globulin= given to women of childbearing age after delivery or abortion if they are Rh-, to prevent them from forming Rh antibodies that might harm future pregnancies
RT Room Temperature
Type & Xmatch Type and Crossmatch=the act of determine the ABO group and Rh type of a patient , and finding units of blood that are compatible
UA Urinalysis
UTI Urinary tract infection
WBC White blood cells=the cellular component of blood that fights infection
Created by: syluntdove