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Relevant Treatments

Condition/Common treatments(s)

ConditionCommon treatment(s)
Absence seizures Ethosuximide
Actue gout attack NSAIDs, colchicine
Acute promyelocytic leukemia (M3) All-trans retinoic acid
ADHD Methylphenidate, amphetamines
Alcohol abuse AA + disulfiram for patient and Al-Anon for family
Alcohol withdrawal Benzodiazepines
Anorexia SSRIs
Anticoagulation during pregnancy Heparin
Anxiety Buspirone
Arrhythmia in damaged cardiac tissue Class IB antiarrhythmic (lidocaine, mexiletine, tocainide)
B12 deficiency B12
Benign prostatic hyperplasia Tamsulosin, finasteride
Bipolar disorder Lithium, valproate, carbamazepine (mood stabilizers)
Breast cancer in postmenopausal woman Aromatase inhibitor
Buerger's disease Smoking cessation
Bulimia SSRIs
Candida albicans Amphotericin B (systemic), nystatin (oral thrush, esophagitits)
Carcinoid syndrome Octreotide
Chlamydia trachomatis Doxycycline (+ ceftriaxone for gonorrhea coinfection), erythromycin eye drops (prophyslaxis in infants)
Chronic gout Porbenecid (underexcretor), alloprinol (overproducer)
Chronic hepatitis IFN-α
Chronic myelogenous leukemia Imatinib
Clostridium botulinum Antitoxin
Clostridium difficile Oral metronidazole
Clostridium tetani Antitoxin + vaccine booster + diazepam
Crohn's disease Corticosteroids,inliximab
Cryptococcus neoformans Fluconazole (prophylaxis in AIDS patients)
Cystic fibrosis N-acetylcysteine + antipseudomonal prophylaxis (tobramycin/azithromycin)
Cytomegalovirus Ganciclovir
Depression SSRIs (first-line)
Diabetes insipidus Demopressin (central); hydrochlorothiazide, indomethacin, amiloride (nephrogenic)
Diabetes mellitus type 1 Dietary intervention (low-sugar) + insulin replacement
Diabetes mellitus type 2 Dietary intervention, oral hypoglycemic, and insulin (possible)
Diabetic ketoacidosis Fluids, insulin, K+
Enterococci Vancomycin/ampicillin + aminoglycoside
Erectile dysfunction Sildenafil
ER-positive breast cancer Tamoxifen
Ethylene glycol/methanol intoxication Fomepizole (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor)
Folate deficiency Folate
Haemophilus influenzae (β) Rifampin (prophylaxis)
Hemorrhagic cystitis Mesna
Heparin toxicity (acute) Protamine sulfate
HER2/neu-positive breast cancer Trastuzumab
Hyperaldosteronism Spironolactone
Hypercholesterolemia Statin (first-line)
Hypertriglyceridemia Fibrate
Immediate anticoagulation Heparin
Infertility Leuprolide, GnRH (pulsatile)
Influenza Amantadine/rimantadine
Legionella pneumophila Erythromycin
Long-term anticoagulation Warfarin
Malaria Choloroquine/mefloquine (for blood schizont), primaquine (for liver hypnozoite)
Malignant hyperthermiz Dantrolene
Medical abortion Mifepristone
Migrane Sumatriptan
MRSA Vancomycin
Multiple sclerosis β-interferon
Mycobacterium tuberculosis RIPES (rifampin, INH, pyrazinamide, ethambutol, streptomycin)
Neisseria gonorrhoeae Ceftriaxone (add doxycycline to cover likely concurrent Chlamydia)
Neisseria meningitidis Penicillin/ceftriaxone, rifampin (prophylaxis)
Neural tube defect prevention Folate
Osteomalacia/rickets Vitamin D supplementation
Patent ductus arteriosus Indomethacin
Pheochromocytoma α-antagonists
Pneumocystis jiroveci TMP-SMX (prophylaxis in AIDS patient)
Prolactinoma Bromocriptine (dopamine agonists)
Prostate cancer/uterine fibroids Leuprolide, GnRH (continuous)
Prostate carcinoma Flutamide
Pseudomonas aeruginosa Antipseudomonal penicillin + aminoglycoside
Pulmonary hypertension Bosentan
Rickettsia rickettsii Tetracycline, chloramphenicol (especially in context of aplastic anemia)
Ringworm infection Terbinafine, griseofulvin, imidazole
Schizophrenia (negative symptoms) 5-HT2A antagonists (e.g., olanzapine)
Schizophrenia (positive symptoms) D2 receptor antagonists
SIADH Demeclocycline, lithium
Sickle cell anemia Hydroxyurea (increase HbF)
Sporothrix schenckii Oral KI
Stable angina Sublingual nitroglycerin
Staphylococcus aureus Methicillin/naficillin
Streptococcus bovis Penicillin prophylaxis
Streptococcus pneumoniae Penicillin/cephalosporin (systemic infection, pneumonia), vancomycin (meningitis)
Streptococcus pyogenes Penicillin prophylaxis
Temporal arteritis High-dose steroids
Tonic-clonic seizures Phenytoin, valproate, carbamazepine
Toxoplasma gondii Sulfonamide + pyrimethamine
Treponema pallidum Penicillin
Trichomonas vaginalis Metronidazole (patient and partner)
Ulcerative colitis 50ASA, infliximab
UTI prophylaxis TMP-SMX
Warfarin toxicity Fresh frozen plasma (acute), vitamin K (chronic)
Wegener's granulomatosis Cyclophosphamide, corticosteroids
Created by: zdevilbiss