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Chapter 12 - Service

AP Human Geography StudyStack for the Key Terms of Chapter 12 - Services.

Basic Industries (Page 398, Economic Base of Settlements) - Industries that export to consumers outside of the settlement.
Business Services (Page 375, Business Services) - Services that serve other businesses.
CBD (Central Business District, Page 406, CBD Land Uses, Chapter 13) - Downtown, or where the most business takes place.
Central Place Theory (Page 388, Central Place Theory) - A theory that explains the distribution of services based on the fact that settlements serve as centers of market areas for services. (Look on KBAT for full)
City-state (Page 379, Ancient Athens) - A sovereign state comprising a city and its immediate hinterland.
Clustered Rural Settlement (Page 381, Services in Rural Settlements) - A rural settlement in which the houses and farm buildings of each family are situated close to each other and fields surround the settlement.
Command and Control Centers (Page 396, Four Levels of Business Services) - Cities that have the headquarters of major corporations, well-developed banking facilities, and concentrations of other business services.
Consumer Services (Page 375, Consumer Services) - Services that provide services to consumers.
Dependent Centers (Page ???, ???) - Centers that depend on industries or services to keep it afloat. (Conjecture)
Dispersed Rural Settlement (Page 381, Services in Rural Settlements) - A rural settlement pattern characterized by isolated farms rather than clustered villages.
Economic Base (Page 398, Economic Base of Settlements) - A community’s collection of basic industries.
Edge City (Page 427, The Peripheral Model, Chapter 13) - A large node of office and retail activities on the edge of an urban area.
Enclosure Movement (Page 384, Dispersed Rural Settlements in Great Britain) - The process of consolidating small landholdings into a smaller number of larger farms in England during the eighteenth century.
Gravity Model (Page 391, Best Location in A Linear Settlement) - A model that holds that the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly located to the number of people in a location. (Look on KBAT for full)
Hinterland, or Market Area (Page 388, Market Area of a Service) - The area surrounding a central place from which people are attracted to use the place’s goods and services.
Nonbasic Industries (Page 398, Economic Base of Settlements) - Industries that sell their products primarily to consumers in the community.
Personal Services (Page ???, ???) - Services performed by one person that cannot be performed by another. (Conjecture)
Primate City Rule (Page 393, Rank-Size Distribution of Settlements) - A pattern of settlements in a country such that the largest settlement has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement.
Specialized Producer (Page 396, Four Levels of Business Services) - A producer that is more highly specialized in one service than in another.
Services (Page 374, Chapter 12 Basics) - Any activity that fulfills a human want or need and returns money to those who provide it.
Public Services (Page 376, Public Services) - Services offered by the government to provide security and protection for citizens and businesses.
Range (Of a service) (Page 389, Range of a Service) - The maximum distance people are willing to travel to use a service.
Rank-Size Rule (Page 393, Rank-Size Distribution of Settlements) - A pattern of settlements in a country such that the nth largest settlement is 1/n the population of the largest settlement.
Retail Services (Page 375, Consumer Services) - Services that serve stores, grocers, motor vehicle sales.
Skyscrapers (Page 378, Early Consumer Services) - Tall buildings that serve as a workplace for companies.
Suburbanization of Business (Page 430-431, Suburbanization of Factories and Offices, Chapter 13) - The slow but steady movement of businesses to the suburbs to take advantage of a large labor force.
Threshold (Page 389, Threshold of a Service) - The minimum number of people needed to support the service.
Transportation and Information Services (Page 376, Business Services) - Transportation, movement of items, and Information, like broadcasting and publishing.
World City (Page 394, Services in World Cities) - Cities that are closely integrated to the world’s economies because they are at the center of the flow of information and capital.
Created by: 100001072392863
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