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Wld. Geo. SW Asia

Gorlan Heights hilly plateau overlooking the Jordan River and the Sea of Galilee; a stragic location that has been a site of conflict for many years.
Wadi a riverbed that remains dry except during rainy seasons
Tigris River 1 of the most important rivers in Southeast Asia; flows throug pts. of Turkey, Iraq, Syria
Euphrates River Important river in Southwest Asia that flows through Turkey, Syria, and Iraq. Empties in the Persian Gulf.
Jordan River natural boundary between Jordan and Isreal.
Dead Sea Salty, landlocked lake that is the lowest place of the Earths crust.
Rub al-Khali Empty Quater: 250,000 miles of desert in Arabian Peninsula
oasis place where water from an aquifer reaces the Earths surface; supports wildlife and vegetation
salt flat land w/ chemical salts: winds evaporate moisture.
drip irrigation practice using small pipes to drip water on crops; minimizes evaporation
desalinization taking salt out of water
fossil water water pumped from underground aquifers
crude oil oil that has not yet been processed
Mecca holiest city of Islam, located in Saudi Arabia, pilgrimages
Islam monotheistic religion based on the teachings of the prophet Muhammad
Muhammed founder and prophet of Islam, who lived part of his life in Mecca
mosque Islamic place of worship
theocratic Government based on religion
OPEC Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, est. in 1960 by some oil producing nations to coordinate polices on selling petroleum products
Western Wall Remnant of ancient wall that surrounded the Jewish Temple's courtyard
Dome of the Rock shrine in Jerusalem where Muhammad is thought to have risen to heaven
Zionism mvt. that began in 1800s to create and support a Jewish homeland
PLO Palestinian Liberation Army: group formed to liberate Palestine from Jewish hands
Kurds n Iranic people[10][11][12][13][14][15][16] native to the Middle East, mostly inhabiting a region known as Kurdistan, which includes Iranian people inhabiting adjacent parts of Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Turkey
Mesopotamia Fertile Crescent: ancient cultural hearth
Sunni 83% of Muslims
Shi'ite 17% of all Muslims
Taliban strict Muslim group in Afghanistan that has imposed rigid rules on society: including clothing styles for both men and women, restrictions on public appearances, and regulations on music, TV etc.
guest workers largely unskilled laborer, often immigrants, brought into oil booming countries to fill job openings that the reigon's native peoples cannot fill.
stateless nation a nation with no set territory
Palestinians displaced group of Arabs who live/have lived in Palestine
West Bank part of Israeli land set aside for Palestinians
Gaza Strip part of Israeli land set aside for Palestinians
strategic comodity resource so important to a nation that the nation will go to war to ensure its steady supply
human resources skills and talents of employed people
Created by: Jacques