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MedTerm Quiz 9


Aveol/o alveolus; air sac
atel/o incomplete
bronch/o bronchus
bronchi/o bronchus
bronchiol/o bronchiole
epiglott/o epiglottis
laryng/o larynx
lob/o lobe
nas/o nose
orth/o straight, upright
ox/o oxygen
pharyng/o pharynx
pleur/o pleura
pneum/o lung, air
pneumon/o lung, air
pulmon/o lung
rhin/o nose
spir/o breathing
trache/o treachea, windpipe
-ectasis dialiated, expansion
-phonia voice
-pnea breathing
-ptysis spitting
-thorax chest
external opeing to the nose nares
is the flow of the air into the lungs inhalation
is the flow of air out of the lungs exhalation
divides the nose down the middle into two passages nasal septum
exhalation removes this from the body C02
larynx is aka voice box
this protects food or fluids from going into your lungs epiglottis
trachea is aka windpipe
pulmonary capillaries encase this alveolus
pulmonary capillaries are aka repiratory membrane
lung is a collection of (3) bronchi, bronchioles and alveoli
the lungs contain divisions or lobes
bronchogram record of the bronchus
broncitis inflammation of the bronchus
bronchoplasty surgical repair of the bronchus
bronchogenic produced by the bronchus
bronchoscope instrument to view inside the bronchus
bronchial pertaining to the bronchus
bronchiextasis dialated bronchus
laryngectomy removal of the voice box
laryngitis inflammation of the voice box
laryngoplasty surgical repair of the voice box
laryngoscope instrument to view the voice box
laryngeal pertaining to the voice box
lobectomy removal of a (lung) lobe
oximeter instrument used to measure oxygen
anoxia condition of no oxygen
hypoxia insufficient oxygen condition
pleurocentesis puncture in the pleura to withdraw fluid
pleurectomy removal of the pleura
pleurodynia pleura pain
pharyngitis throat inflammation (ie:sore throat)
nasopharyngitis nose and throat inflammation (common cold)
pulmonologist lung specialist
pulmonary pertaining to the lung
rhinitis inflammation of the nose
rhinoplasty surgical repair of the nose
rhinorrhagia rapid flow (for blood) from the nose
rhinorrhea nose discharge (runny nose)
thoracalgia chest pain
thoracic pertaining to the chest
thoracotomy incision in the chest
endotracheal pertaining to the inside of the trachea
tracheotomy incision into the trachea
aphonia no voice
dysphonia abnormal voice
apnea not breathing
bradypnea slow breathing
dyspnea difficult, labored breathing
eupnea normal breathing
hyperpnea excessive breathing
hypopnea shallow breathing
orthopnea (sitting)straight breathing
tachypnea rapid breathing
hemothorax blood in the chest
pyothorax pus in the chest
pneumothorax air in the chest
aspiration withdrawing fluid via suction
Cheyne-Stokes respiration Abnormal breathing condition with Apnea followed by deeper more rapid breathing
cyanosis bluish tint of the skin caused by lack of oxygen
epistaxis nose bleed
hemoptysis coughing up blood in sputum
nasal cannula two pronged device to deliver o2
otorhinolaryngology study of ENT
patent open or unblocked
percussion tapping on a surface to determine the condition beneath the surface
phlegn thick mucus
respiratory therapy specialty that assists patients with respiratory and cardiopulmonary disorders
shortness of breath (SOB) difficulty breathing
sputum phlegm that is coughed up from the lining of the respiratory tract
asthma constriction of the bronchial airways
bronchiectasis abnormal dialation of the bronchi
bronchogenic carcinoma malignant tumor originating in the bronchi, usually associated with smoking
atelectasis Alveoli in a portion of the lung collapse
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD chronic and usually irreversible group of conditions such as emphysema lungs have diminished capacity for breathing
emphysema destruction of the walls of the alveoli resulting in fewer overexpanded air sacs
pneumonia inflammation of the lungs can be caused by viral, bacterial, chemicals or diseases. results in the alveoli and air spaces filling with fluid
Sudden infant death syndrome SIDS unexpected and unexplained death of a apparently well infant
pleurisy inflammation of the pleura
pneumothorax collection of air or gas in the pleura cavity
bronchography xray of the lung
chest xray taking a radiographic picture from the back and sides
bronchoscopy visual examiniation of the bronchi
laryngoscopy visual examiniation of the larynx
tuberculin skin test tuberculin purified protein derivative PPD to determine if a patient has been exposed to TB
aerosol therapy nebulizer
endotracheal intubation tube through the mouth, the glottis and into the trachea to create a patent airway
ventilator artificial respiration for patients unable to breathe on their own
Created by: lynette.thorpe