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Med.Term. Chapter 9

Cardiovascular System

Word PartMeaning
angi/o vessel
aort/o aorta
arteri/o arteriole
ather/o fatty plaque
atri/o atrium
cardi/o heart
hemangi/o blood vessel
phleb/o vein
thromb/o blood clot
sphygm/o pulse
-gram record, a writing
-graph instrument for recording
endo- within
extra- outside
peri- around
trans- across, through
MI myocadial infraction, heart attack
systolic contraction phase of a heartbeat forcing blood into the aorta & pulmonary arteries
diastole period of relaxation of the heart
ventricle pumping chambers
echocardigraphy process of recording heart sound, studies structures & motions of the heart
ischemia decreased blood supply of oxygen to body part
tachy- rapid
brady- slow
ventricul/o ventricle
MS mitral stenosis
aneurysm local abnormal dilation of a vessel. usually an artery
arrhythmia irregularity in heart action
lymph/o lymph
plasm/o plasma
splen/o spleen
thym/o thymus gland
valv/o valve
bacteri/o bacteria
ech/o sound
electr/o electricity, electrical activity
isch/o deficiency, blockage
sphygm/o pulse
steth/o chest
therm/o heat
thromb/o clot
Created by: narush2