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Directional & Body

Directional terms and body planes

Anterior toward the front of the body
caudal inferior / towards the feet
coronal divides the body into anterior and posterior
cranial superior / towards the head
deep further away from the body surface
distal further away from where the appendage meets the body trunk
dorsal towards the back of the body
frontal divides the body into anterior and posterior
inferior away from the head
lateral further away from the midline
medial closer to the midline
midline vertically cuts the body in half
midsagittal sagittal plane that lies on the midline
posterior towards the back of the body / dorsal
proximal closest to where the appendages attach to the body trunk
sagittal vertical cuts / divides the body into right and left
superficial closest to the body surface
superior towards the head
transverse horizontal cuts that divide the body into superior and inferior
ventral towards the front of the body / anterior
Created by: vmckeown