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World 2 SOL Review

World 2 1500 to Present Day SOL Review

QuestionAnswer
England, France, Spain,Russia Ottoman Empire,Persia,China Mughal, India Songhai. These empires are all in the __________________ Hemisphere EASTERN
The Incan and Aztec empires are located in the _________________ Hemisphere WESTERN
Which word means: “Rebirth” of classical knowledge, “birth” of the modern world RENAISSANCE
The Renaissance spread from the Italian city states to ... NORTHERN EUROPE
_________________ painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel and carved the statue of David MICHELANGELO
______________________painted the Mona Lisa and the Last Supper. DA VINCI
Who was known for Renaissance sonnets, plays and poetry? SHAKESPEARE
Who was the Humanist who wrote the Praise of Folly? ERASMUS
Which religion was concentrated in Europe and the Middle East c 1500? JUDAISM
Which religion was concentrated in Europe and the Middle East c 1500? CHRISTIANITY
Which religion was concentrated in Parts of Asia, Africa, and southern Europe C 1500? ISLAM
Which religion was concentrated in India and part of Southeast Asia c 1500 HINDUISM
Which religion was concentrated in East and SE Asia c 1500 BUDDHISM
_______________ (trade route) went across Asia to the Mediterranean basin. SILK ROAD
Which trade route crossed North Africa? TRANS SAHARAN
Paper, Compass, Porcelain and Silk were traded from... CHINA
Textiles and the Numeral System came from... INDIA AND THE MIDDLE EAST
Scientific exchange in early trade included these three things: ASTRONOMY, MEDICINE and MATH
For centuries, the ____________________________ had little competition in religious thought and action. The resistance of the church to change led to the Protestant Reformation. ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH
Who disliked Italian domination of the church? GERMAN AND ENGLISH NOBLES
The church did not like the merchant's view of / use of ... USURY
The church sold _______________, a pardon for the punishment from sins INDULGENCES
Who believed in Salvation by faith alone, The Bible as the ultimate authority, and all equal in eyes of God? MARTIN LUTHER
Luther posted the ________________ in Germany which started the Protestant Reformation 95 THESIS
_________________ believed in Predestination, a strong work ethic and faith revealed by living a righteous life? JOHN CALVIN
Who dismissed the authority of the pope in England? KING HENRY VIII
What did King Henry VIII do to Catholic church lands in England? APPROPRIATED
King Henry VIII got a divorce and created the Church of ... ENGLAND
_______________________ made the Anglican church the state church of England QUEEN ELIZABETH
Elizabeth was victorious over the ____________________________ in 1588 SPANISH ARMADA
Princes in Northern _______________ converted to Protestantism. GERMANY
The ________________ family and the power of the Holy Roman Empire continued to support the ___________. HAPSBURGS / POPE
The Conflict between the Catholics and the Protestants was known as the _____________________ War 30 YEARS
In France, Protestants were granted tolerance with the ____________________ EDICT OF NANTES
_________________ changed the focus of the 30 Years war from religious to poltical CARDINAL RICHELIEU
Dissenters prior to Luther included... HUSS AND WYCLIFFE
The Society of Jesus or _______________ were created in the Catholic _______________ Reformation in order to spread their religion. JESUITS / COUNTER
This was used, especially in Spain, to reinforce Catholic Church doctrine. INQUISITION
Power in most European states were concentrated in the ... MONARCH
What helped spur growth of literacy and ideas? GUTENBERG PRINTING PRESS
With the printing press, the Bible was printed in ... English, French and German
Exploration was inspired by the desire for gold spices and________ as well as spreading ... NATURAL RESOURCES / Christianity
Who had a pioneering role in the Age of Exploration by creating Navigational schools in Portugal? Prince Henry the Navigator
Sailed for England as a Privateer for Queen Elizabeth Sir Francis Drake
Wanted to go East by sailing West. Thought he landed in the Indies but really landed in the Bahamas. Sailed for Spain Christopher Columbus
Spanish Conquistador who conquered the Incas of South America Fransisco Pizarro
Spanish Conquistador who conquered the Aztecs of Mexico and Central America. Hernando Cortez
Explored for France, discovered Canada including Montreal and the St Lawrence River Jacques Cartier
Sailed for Portugal, around the Cape of Good Hope and established trading posts India Vasco DeGama
First person to circumnavigate the globe, sailed around Cape Horn of South America, died in the Philippines Ferdinand Magellan
The two main branches of Christianity, ___________ and _____________ carried their religions and beliefs with them to the new world. Catholics / Protestants
Exploration left a legacy of a rigid social class system and this type of rule Dictatorial
Colonies imitated the social patterns of their ... Parent Country
In Asia, the top three trading companies were... Portuguese, Dutch and British
The exchanging of products, animals, diseases etc took place on the... Colombian Exchange
These three items from the Colombian Exchange changed the lives of Europeans Corn, tobacco and potatoes
These two items from the Colombian Exchange changed the lives of Native Americans Cattle and Horses
Most native Americans died from ... Smallpox
Slavery was based on ... Race
This European system destroyed native crops in the Americas Plantation
Shortage of labor on cash crops made the Europeans use ________ with the majority going to South America for ___________ plantations Slaves / Sugar
________________inked Europe, Africa, and the Americas. Slaves, sugar, and rum were traded. Triangular Trade
The precious metals of ___________ and _______ benefited Spain the most Silver and Gold
This empire brought most of the Muslim empire under their rule Ottoman
Original location of Ottoman Empire Asia Minor
• Southwest Asia • Southeastern Europe, Balkan Peninsula • North Africa Was the extend of which empire? Ottoman
Ottoman capital was _______________ but was renamed _______________ Constantinople / Istanbul
Ottomans practiced the religion of __________ and traded these two items. Islam / Coffee and Ceramics
Descendants of the Mongols, the Muslim ________rulers established an empire in northern India. Mughal
Much of southern India remained __________________ from the Mughal and continued international trade. Independent
Theprime example of Mughal architecture is ... The Taj Mahal
outposts The Mughal Indian textiles influenced the ____________textile industry British
Southern ___________ traded silks, spices, and gems. India
China and __________sought to limit the influence and activities of European merchants. Japan
China created _________________ to control trade Foreign Enclaves
Trade had created an increased demand for Chinese _________ and porcelain TEA
Japan was characterized by powerless emperor controlled by military leaders called... SHOGUN
Japan adopted a policy of _________to limit foreign influences Isolationism
Africa traded slaves, gold and ... Ivory
African imports included Manufactured goods from Europe, Asia, and the Americas • New food products were _______and _______ Corn and Peanuts
An economic practice adopted by European colonial powers in an effort to become self-sufficient; based on the theory that colonies existed for the benefit of the mother country Mercantilism
– New money and banking systems were created. – Economic practices such as mercantilism evolved. – Colonial economies were limited by the economic needs of the mother country. These are all components of the ... Commercial Revolution
Who discovered the Heliocentric Theory? Nicholas Copernicus
Who discovered the laws of planetary motion and that the orbits of plants are elliptical? Johannes Kepler
Who used the telescope to confirm the Heliocentric theory Galileo Galilee
Who discovered the laws of Gravity? Sir Isaac Newton
Who discovered the heart acts as a pump and circulates blood through the body? William Harvey
• Emphasis on reason and systematic observation of nature • Formulation of the scientific method • Expansion of scientific knowledge These are all aspects of the ... Scientific Revolution
The Age of _______takes its name from a series of European monarchs who increased the power of their central governments. Absolutism
Absolute Monarchs believed their power to rule came from God. This is called the theory of... Divine Right
Who was the Sun King of France who built the Palace of Versailles? King Louis XIV (14th)
Who rules Russia and did his best to Westernize it by moving his capital and instituting many rules as well as a new navy? Peter the Great
Who fought who in the English Civil war? WHo were their supporters? Charles I and his Cavaliers vs Oliver Cromwell and Parliament's Roundheads
Oliver Cromwell became the ______________ of England Lord Protector
Who restored the English throne after the English Civil War? Charles II
James II ruled England and had disputed with Parliament during the >>>> Glorious Revolution
Who did parliament ask for help in deposing James II? James' daughter and son-in-law, William and Mary
In 1689 William and Mary became the king and queen in an all new Constitutional monarchy because they signed the English... Bill of Rights, which limited their power and gave more power to Parliament
What type of thinkers believed that human progress was possible through the application of scientific knowledge and reason to issues of law and government. Enlightenment
How did enlightenment thinkers influence America? Influenced Thomas Jefferson in the writing of the Declaration of Independence as well as other ideas of the American Revolution
Who believed in this....Humans exist in a primitive “state of nature” and consent to government for self-protection.And what book did he author? Thomas Hobbes (authored "Leviathan")
Who believed in this....People are sovereign; monarchs are not chosen by God. and consent to government for protection of natural rights to life, liberty, and property. And what book did he author? John Lock (authored "Two Treatises on Government")
Who believed in this...The best form of government includes a separation of powers. And what book did he author? Baron de Montesquieu (authored "The Spirit of Laws")
Who believed in this...Government is a contract between rulers and the people. And what book did he author? Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s (authored "The Social Contract")
Who believed in this...Religious toleration should triumph over religious fanaticism; separation of church and state. And what book did he author? Voltaire (authored "Candide")
Which famous American documents were influenced by the Enlightenment and incorporated its ideas? The Constitution of the United States of America and Bill of Rights
Which happened first? Spanish Revs, The French Rev or The American Rev? American Revolution influenced the French Revolution which influenced revolutions in the Americas.
Which event marked the start of the French Revolution? The Storming of the prison fortress by the third estate..."The Bastille"
What is the name given to a time period run by Robespierre, where many French were killed with the guillotine? The Reign of Terror
Whose monarchy ended as a result of the French Revolution? King Louis XVI (16th)
The French Revolution, with its enormous amount of bloodshed and many different types of governments attempting to rule, paved the way for the reign of which dictator who seized power in a coup? Napoleon Bonaparte
Who was the Baroque era composer? Johann Sebastian Bach
Who was the Classical era composer? Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Who was a painter in the "Romantic" school depicted classical subjects, public events, natural scenes, and living people (portraits). Eugene Delacroix
Who authored the "first" novel, Don Quixote? Miguel De Cervantes
Enlightenment Technologies • All-weather _______ improved year- round transport and trade. • New designs in farm ______increased productivity (agricultural revolution). • Improvements in ___________ lowered the cost of transport. Roads / Tools / Ship Design
_____________________revolutions of the nineteenth century were influenced by the clash of European cultures in the development of governments and ruling powers. Spanish and Portuguese governments Latin American
__________________ were given governmental authority by the crown, becoming known as viceroys. Conquistadors (Spanish soldiers)
The Colonial system in Latin America established major cities as outposts of colonial authority - Havana - _______________City - Lima - Sao Paulo - Buenos Aires Mexico
Which religion had a strong influence in the development of the colonies? Roman Catholicism
Who were the Latin-America native born descendants of Europeans? Creoles
Who were the offspring of both Native Americans and Europeans Mestizos
Put these in their correct social class order from highest to lowest: Creoles, Mestizos, Viceroys Viceroys, Creoles, Mestizos
The American Revolution took place in the late __00's 1700's
Where did slaves, led by Toussaint L'Ouverture, fight back and gain their independence from France? Haiti
These countries gained their independence (after the American and French Revolutions) during the ___00's Mexico • Haiti • Colombia • Venezuela • Brazil 1800's
L'Ouverture helped give independence to Haiti by defeating armies of these three foreign powers: Spain, France, Britain
Liberated the northern areas of Latin America. AND was a Native-born resident who led revolutionary efforts. Who do these apply to? Simon Bolivar
Who started the Mexican independence movement? Father Miguel Hidalgo
This best describes what American doctrine of 1823?: • The United States would regard as a threat to its own peace and safety any attempt by European powers to impose their system on any independent state in the Western Hemisphere. The Monroe Doctrine
Who unsuccessfully attempted to unify Europe under French domination? Napoleon Bonaparte
These are all legacies of what post Napoleonic war assembly? “Balance of power” doctrine • Restoration of monarchies • New political map of Europe • New political philosophies (liberalism, conservatism) The Congress of Vienna
Napoleon Awakened feelings of national pride and growth of extreme patriotism or ... Nationalism
What was the legacy of Napoleon? The Napoleonic Code
Who wanted to restore things to the way they were prior to Napoleon? Liberals or Conservatives? Conservatives
In contrast to continental Europe, Great Britain expanded political rights through legislative means and made __________________illegal in the British Empire. Slavery
Who unified Northern Italy? Count Cavour
Who unified southern Italy and joined it to Northern Italy? Giuseppe Garibaldi
_________________ (including Rome)became the last to join Italy The Papal States
Who led Prussia in the unification of Germany through war and by appealing to nationalist feelings? Otto Von Bismark
Bismarck’s actions were seen as an example of _______________, which justifies all means to achieve and hold power. Realpolitik
The ________________________ War led to the creation of the German state. Franco-Prussian
The Industrial Revolution began in England, spreading to the rest of Western Europe and ______________. The United States
Origin in England, because of its natural resources like _________ and ____________ and the invention and improvement of the _________________ Coa / Iron ore / Steam Engine
What caused smaller farmers to move to the cities because larger landowners bought them out to use their land for pasture. The Enclosure Movement
The _______________Industry was replaced by the _______________ System Cottage / Factory
The Industrial Revolution crated rising economic powers that wanted to control __________________________ throughout the world which led to the Age of Imperialism Raw materials and Markets
Who invented the Spinning Jenny? James Hargreaves
Who improved upon the Steam Engine? James Watt
Who invented the cotton gin? Eli Whitney
How did the cotton gin affect slavery? It increased the demand for slaves
Who improved the steel-making process with his large converter? Henry Bessemer
Who developed the small pox vaccination? Edward Jenner
Who discovered bacteria? Louis Pasteur
These are all components of what? • Population increase • Increased standards of living for many, though not all • Improved transportation • Urbanization • Environmental pollution • Dissatisfaction of working class with working conditions The Industrial Revolution (also growth of the middle class and increased education)
Who authored the book, "The Wealth of Nations" and laid the foundation for Capitalism? Adam Smith
Capitalism helped the _______________ class grow. Middle
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engles co-authored these books on Socialism/Communism Das Kapital / Communist Manifesto
Communists want a classless society. In order to do this they wanted a redistribution of wealth
The Industrial Revolution had a significant impact on the structure and function of the ____________ Family
Workers organized _____________________ (to strike)to fight for improved working conditions and workers’ rights by using ____________________ labor unions / collective bargaining
What type of labor kept labor cost low and profits high? Child labor
Men had to compete with _________ and ____________ during the industrial revolution women / children
The family based cottage industry was replaced with the __________________________ factory system
How did the cotton gin influence slavery? It increased the demand for slave labor
Eventually, Great Britain and the USA outlawed the slave trade and then ________________ all together. slavery
During the industrial revolution, women had an increased demand for voting rights a.k.a...... suffrage
Industrial nations in Europe needed natural resources and ____________________to expand their economies. markets
European nations competed to control ________________and Asia to secure their economic and political success. Africa
Forms of imperialism • Colonies •_______________________ • Spheres of influence protectorates
China was divided into different __________________________ so that European nations could have trading rights. spheres of influence
To get to their prized possession of India, the British relied heavily on the ________________________ a man-made waterway that connects the Mediterranean to the Red Sea Suez Canal
The _____________ Company dominated the trade of Indian states East India
America forcibly opened trade to ____________________ when Matthew Perry brought naval gunships to their shore. Japan
The __________________ fought back against imperialism with the ___________ wars and the ____________ Rebellion Opium / Boxer
Rise of nationalism (first Indian __________________party founded in the mid-1800s) Nationalist
What were the MAIN reasons that started WWI? Militarism /Imperialism / Alliances / Nationalism
WWI lasted from 19____ to 19_____ 1914-1918
The major event that started WWI was the __________________________ assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
The major form of warfare on the western front of WWI was... trench warfare
What were the two major events that led America to enter WWI? -Zimmerman Telegram /Unrestricted submarine warfare (Lusitania sinking)
Who was the leader of America in WWI? Woodrow Wilson
Who was the leader of Germany in WWI? Kaiser Wilhelm II
___________ participated in WWI, which increased demands for independence Colonies
What treaty ended WWI? Treaty of Versailles
How did the Treaty of Versailles punish Germany? (3 things besides decreasing military size) -war guilt clause -loss of territory -payment of reparations (War debts)
Woodrow Wilson's plan for peace was the "14 points" What was the name of the 14th point, an international body to help prevent future wars? The League of Nations
Who was the leader of Russia during WWI? Tsar (Czar) Nicholas II
Why was Nicholas II an unpopular leader of Russia? (3 reasons, not including "Bloody Sunday" • Defeat in war with Japan(Ruso-Japan) in 1905 • Landless peasantry • Military defeats and high casualties in World War I
Who led the Bolshevik revolution that seized power from Tsar Nicholas II? Vladmir Lenin
What was Lenin's economic plan called? New Economic Policy (NEP)
Who was the successor of Lenin? Joseph Stalin
The Communists takeover of Russia resulted in the forming of the... USSR
Why did the League of Nations fail to prevent WWII? (2 reasons) - USA did not join -No military power to enforce its laws
• During World War I, Great Britain and ___________agreed to divide large portions of the Ottoman Empire in the Middle East between themselves. This was known as the _______________ system. France / Mandate
The division of the Ottoman Empire through the mandate system planted the seeds for future conflicts in the _________________________ Middle East
Mandate System. Great Britain took control over lands that would become Iraq, Transjordan, and________________ France took control over Syria and ... Palestine / Lebanon
What were some causes of worldwide depression? German _______________ High protective ___________ Excessive expansion of ___________ Stock Market ______________ of 1929 reparations / tariffs /credit / Crash
What was the impact of a worldwide depression? -High ________________ -bank failures and collapse of ____________ -__________party's growing importance in Germany unemployment / credit / Nazi
A communist dictatorship was established by Vladimir Lenin and continued by ____________________ in the Soviet Union. Joseph Stalin
Japan emerged as a world power after World War I and conducted aggressive imperialistic policies in ________ Asia
The Treaty of Versailles worsened economic and political conditions in Europe and led to the rise of totalitarian regimes in Italy and ______________________. Germany
These are all components of Whose Soviet Russia? • Entrenchment of communism (five-year plans, collectivization of farms, state industrialization, secret police) • Great Purge Joseph Stalin
During the worldwide depression, Germany faced high unemployment and hyper ______________ Inflation
National Socialism was a.k.a. _______ Nazism
The democratic Wiemar Republic of Germany ____________ during the depression. Weakened
Adolf Hitler had strong ____________________ feelings, or a hatred towards the Jews Anti-Semitic
Who created fascism in Italy? Benito Mussolini
Mussolini wanted to restore the glory of _________ Rome
One of Italy's first invasions was the "revenge" invasion of ____________ Ethiopia
Who was the Emperor of Japan? Hirohito
Who was the militaristic dictator of Japan? Hideki Tojo
Due to Japan's industrialization sought to expand for the need of space and raw ________________ Materials
Japan invaded Korea, ______________ and the rest of China. Manchuria
Who were the three totalitarian nations of WWII? Germany, Japan and Italy
What was the failed policy (giving in to the demands of an aggressor) of England and France? The prime example was when Hitler was given the Sudetandland. Appeasement
At the start of WWII, USA practiced a policy of staying alone or... Isolationism
WWII started with the ______________ invasion of _______________ on September 1, 1939 German / Poland
_______________ fell to Germany and a puppet government was installed. France
The all air battle over England between the RAF and Luftwaffe was called the ... Battle of Britain
Even though he signed the Non-Agression Pact Hitler ... Invaded Russia
Why did America join WWII? The Japanese surprise attack on Pearl Harbor (12/7/1941)
What was DDAY? The allied invasion of occupied Europe via the beaches of Normandy, France
To end the war on Japan, the US dropped atomic bombs on the cities of... Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Who was the president of the US at the start of WWII? Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR)
Who was the president of the US at the end of WWII? Harry S Truman
Who was the Supreme allied commander of the allied forces in the Atlantic theater (Europe)? Dwight David Eisenhower
Who was the head of the ground forces in the Pacific? Gen. Douglas MacArthur
Who was the US general during WWII who, after the war, as secretary of state, created the European recovery plan. George Marshall
Who was the British Prime Minister who said England would "never surrender?" Winston Churchill
This defines which word? The systematic and purposeful destruction of a racial, political, religious, or cultural group Genocide
The German ____________ were blamed for the economic collapse in Germany. Jews
Hitler believed in a
What were some causes of worldwide depression? German _______________ High protective ___________ Excessive expansion of ___________ Stock Market ______________ of 1929 reparations / tariffs /credit / Crash
What was the impact of a worldwide depression? -High ________________ -bank failures and collapse of ____________ -__________party's growing importance in Germany unemployment / credit / Nazi
A communist dictatorship was established by Vladimir Lenin and continued by ____________________ in the Soviet Union. Joseph Stalin
Japan emerged as a world power after World War I and conducted aggressive imperialistic policies in ________ Asia
The Treaty of Versailles worsened economic and political conditions in Europe and led to the rise of totalitarian regimes in Italy and ______________________. Germany
These are all components of Whose Soviet Russia? • Entrenchment of communism (five-year plans, collectivization of farms, state industrialization, secret police) • Great Purge Joseph Stalin
During the worldwide depression, Germany faced high unemployment and hyper ______________ Inflation
National Socialism was a.k.a. _______ Nazism
The democratic Wiemar Republic of Germany ____________ during the depression. Weakened
Adolf Hitler had strong ____________________ feelings, or a hatred towards the Jews Anti-Semitic
Who created fascism in Italy? Benito Mussolini
Mussolini wanted to restore the glory of _________ Rome
One of Italy's first invasions was the "revenge" invasion of ____________ Ethiopia
Who was the Emperor of Japan? Hirohito
Who was the militaristic dictator of Japan? Hideki Tojo
Due to Japan's industrialization sought to expand for the need of space and raw ________________ Materials
Japan invaded Korea, ______________ and the rest of China. Manchuria
Who were the three totalitarian nations of WWII? Germany, Japan and Italy
What was the failed policy (giving in to the demands of an aggressor) of England and France? The prime example was when Hitler was given the Sudetandland. Appeasement
At the start of WWII, USA practiced a policy of staying alone or... Isolationism
WWII started with the ______________ invasion of _______________ on September 1, 1939 German / Poland
_______________ fell to Germany and a puppet government was installed. France
The all air battle over England between the RAF and Luftwaffe was called the ... Battle of Britain
Even though he signed the Non-Agression Pact Hitler ... Invaded Russia
Why did America join WWII? The Japanese surprise attack on Pearl Harbor (12/7/1941)
What was DDAY? The allied invasion of occupied Europe via the beaches of Normandy, France
To end the war on Japan, the US dropped atomic bombs on the cities of... Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Who was the president of the US at the start of WWII? Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR)
Who was the president of the US at the end of WWII? Harry S Truman
Who was the Supreme allied commander of the allied forces in the Atlantic theater (Europe)? Dwight David Eisenhower
Who was the head of the ground forces in the Pacific? Gen. Douglas MacArthur
Who was the US general during WWII who, after the war, as secretary of state, created the European recovery plan. George Marshall
Who was the British Prime Minister who said England would "never surrender?" Winston Churchill
This defines which word? The systematic and purposeful destruction of a racial, political, religious, or cultural group Genocide
The German ____________ were blamed for the economic collapse in Germany. Jews
Hitler believed in a _____________ race Master
Hitler's Final Solution for the Jewish question took the form of death camps and... gas chambers
Other 20th C. genocides include... -________________ killed people in Cambodia -the Tutsi were killed by the ________ in Rwanda -____________ killed many of his own Russians in the Great Purge -Ottomans killed the ____________ in WWI Pol Pot / Hutu / Stalin / Armenians
_______________________ was issued in 1948 to protect the “inherent dignity and the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family….” The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
The Nazis were tried at the ________________ war crimes trials. The Japanese were also tried at their own trial. Nuremberg
Who were the two Superpowers after WWII? USA and USSR
To describe the differences between free west and Communist east,Churchill said that an _________________ had fallen across Europe. Iron Curtain
What was the name given to the international body that was created to prevent future wars (replaced the League o Nations) The United Nations
_____________________was issued in 1948 to protect the “inherent dignity and the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family….” The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
What did Secretary of State George Marshal create in order to help in the European recovery, post WWII? The Marshal Plan
The Western democracies of Europe as well as the US and Canada, joined together in an alliance known as ... NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization
To oppose NATO, the USSR created the ... Warsaw Pact
What kind of government was in West Germany and West Berlin? Democracy
Germany and Berlin were divided among which four powers? USA, UK, France, USSR
Who led the occupation of Japan post WWII? USA under the direction of Macarthur
Japan emerged as an economic power in Asia and West ________________ emerged as the economic power in ___________ Germany / Europe
During the occupation, American had to guarantee ______________ safety. Japan's
The presence of ____________ weapons influenced patterns of conflict and cooperation since 1945. Nuclear
President Truman's policy of __________________ was part of his Truman doctrine. It was created in order to prevent the spread of communism. Containment
Nations under the direct influence of the Soviet Union were known as_________. THey served as a __________ zone. Satellite nations. Buffer
The -_______________ met at the_____________ Conference decided how Europe would be divided, post WWII. Big Three / Yalta
The ______________________ was built in 1961 by the soviets to split Berlin in order to prevent people from leaving Berlin Wall
Korea was divided at the ____________ parallel. 38th
The Korean war ended as a ________________, no side truly had any gains. stalemate
Who led the UN forces in Korea? MacArthur
What was the name of the event where Russia placed nuclear weapons in Cuba? Cuban Missile Crisis
Who was the president of the US during the Cuban Missile Crisis? JFK John F Kennedy
Who was the leader of Russia and the leader of Cuba during the Cuban Missile Crisis? Nakita Kruschev / Fidel Castro
Vietnam was a ______________ colony prior to WWII. French
When the French were defeated at Din Bien Phu, Vietnam was dived at the... 17th parallel
The ______________ policy said that if one nation attacked with nuclear weapons, the other would attack back with an equally or more deadly attack. Deterrence
If Deterrence failed, both nations would face MAD or... Mutually Assured Destruction
Who was the leader of the North Vietnamese troops? Ho CHi Minh
The North Vietnamese guerrillas were called... Viet Cong
The Soviets used spies to obtain their Atomic bomb. The next, more powerful bomb created by both superpowers,was the... Hydrogen Bomb
How was the Cuban Missile Crisis averted? Soviets removed missiles from Cuba and we did not invade (special deal to remove our missiles from Turkey)
Whose economy collapsed that aided the end of the Cold War? Soviet Union
What feeling of pride and patriotism rose and increased in Warsaw Pact countries?, for example, the Solidarity movement in Poland Nationalism
What happened in November of 1989 in Berlin? The fall of the Berlin Wall
What happened to Warsaw Pact countries now that the Soviet Union was no more? Expansion of NATO
What was the name of the US policy of keeping Communism where it was? Containment
Who led the Chinese Communists? Mao Zedong
Who led the Chinese Nationalists? Chiang Kaishek
After losing the Chinese Civil War, the Nationalists fled to.... Island of Taiwan (then Formosa)
The most vocal Americans during the Vietnam war were ___________ the war. Against
Johnson escalated the war with the ... Tonkin Gulf Resolution
What happened two years after the American troops left Vietnam(during Nixon's Vietnamization) The North overran the South and Vietnam is a unified Communist nation today
Who was the first female Prime Minister in India who developed close ties with the USSR including developing India's Nuclear program? Indira Gandhi
Who was the first female British Prime Minister who had a strong relationship with Reagan and the US against the USSR? Margaret Thatcher
By reclaiming the Falklands Thatcher asserted England's _______________ power. Military
Which last Soviet Premiere instituted GLASNOST (openness) and PERESTROIKA (restructuring the economy) in the USSR? Mikhail Gorbachev
These two items are facts about which Chinese leader? -Reformed communist economy to market economy leading to rapid economic growth - Communist control of government continued Deng Xiaoping
Who was the colonial power over India? Britian
• Pakistan (former _______________) • Bangladesh (former ______________) • Sri Lanka (former ______________) West Pakistan, East Pakistan, Ceylon
Who led the independence movement in India? Mohandas Gandhi, the mahatma
What two types of peaceful strategies did Gandhi employ? civil disobedience and passive resistance
Hinduism is to India as ________________ is to Pakistan Islam
The Republic of India is now the world's largest __________________ nation. Democratic
Who was a close associate of Gandhi, supported western style industrialization Jawaharlal Nehru
In what year was an Indian constitution enacted to help end the caste system discrimination in India? 1950
Ethnic and __________________ differences caused problems in the development of India as a democratic nation Religious
The charter of the UN guaranteed the right of Africa nations to have self-_____________________, the right to rule themselves determination
The following are components of_________ • Peaceful and violent revolutions • Resentment toward imperial rule /economic exploitation • Loss of colonies Great Britain, France, Belgium, and Portugal Influence of superpower rivalry during Cold War African Independence movements
What type of transition did West Africa have? Peaceful transition
Who had a war with France for Independence? Algeria
Who led a violent struggle for independence in Kenya? Kenyatta
What was the name of the policy in South Africa that segregated whites and blacks? Apartheid
Who led the struggle against apartheid and was the first black president of the Republic of South Africa? Nelson Mandela
The mandates in the Middle East were originally established by the... League of Nations
Middle East mandates were granted Independence after which war? WWII
The conflicts in the Middle East are primarily based on ... Religious differences
The French mandates were Syria and ... Lebanon
The British mandates were Jordan (TransJordan)and ______________ which a part of, became the Jewish nations of Israel. Palestine
Who was the Prime minster of Israel that led the victory in the Yom Kippur War? Golda Meir
Golda Meir sought the support of which ally? USA
These are components of who? • President of Egypt • Nationalized Suez Canal • Established relationship with Soviet Union • Built Aswan High Dam Gamul Abdul Nasser
Moral code of the Jews Ten Commandments
Holy Book of the Jews Torah
Judaism, Christianity and Islam share a faith in one God or,... Monotheism
Who believes that Jesus is the son of God and that he created Heaven, life after death, by dying for their sins? Christians
Muhammad is the prophet and founder of... Islam
Muslims (Islamic)holy book is the... Koran (Qur'an)
The holy belief system of Islam 5 Pillars
Holiest cities of Islam Mecca, Medina, Jerusalem
Founder of Buddhism Siddhartha Gautama
Belief systems/rules for Buddhism 4 Noble Truths and Eightfold Path to Enlightenment
Who helped spread Buddhism from India to East and SE Asia? Asoka
Hinduism has many forms of ... one God
Hinduism's reincarnation is based upon Karma
Both developed and developing nations face problems such as... migrations, ethnic and religious conflict, and new technologies.
People who flee from their home nation due to war, famine, etc... Refugees
Someone who is not a legal resident but is legally in a nation to perform a job Guest Worker
What do these all have in common? • Middle East • Northern Ireland • Balkans • Horn of Africa • South Asia Ethnic and Religious conflicts
N Ireland conflict is based on.... Fighting between Catholics and Protestants
There is widespread but unequal access to ____________________and instantaneous communications Computers
_____________________ regarding Genetic engineering and bioethics Controversy
Sound economic conditions contribute to a stable _________, and political freedom helps foster economic development. Democracy
WHAT I THE BEST TITLE OF THE FOLLOWING? • Geographic locations of major developed and developing countries • Economic conditions • Social conditions (literacy, access to health care) • Population size and rate of growth Contrasts between developed and developing nations
What are some environmental challenges we face today? -Global Climate Change -Loss of habitat -Pollution
What are some social challenges we face today? • Poverty • Poor health • Illiteracy • Famine • Migration
• Free market economies produce rising standards of living and an expanding middle class, which produces growing demands for political freedoms and individual rights. Recent examples of this include... Taiwan and South Korea
What is the prime example of Regional integration? EUROPEAN UNION
What are the prime examples of a trade agreement? NAFTA -North American Free Trade Agreement WTO - World Trade Organization
What is the IMF branch of the UN? International Monetary Fund
______________ is the use of violence and threats to intimidate and coerce for political reasons. Terrorism
A major cause of terrorism is _________________extremism Religious
What was the date of the major terrorist attack to place under the leadership of Osama Bin Laden? 9/11/2001
Which Olympic games had a terrorist event involving it? MUNICH 1972
What are 3 types of terrorist actions? Car bombings Suicide bombers Airline hijackers
Governmental responses to terrorist activities include... • Surveillance and privacy rights • Security at ports and airports • Identification badges and photos
Created by: dittmesj