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Clinical Chapt 7


AEROBE Organism able to survive and grow only in the PRESENCE of oxygen
ANAEROBE Organisim that survices and grows in the ABSENCE of oxygen
ASEPSIS Practice of maintaining a pathogen-controlled enviroment to prevent the spread of illness and disease also known as STERILE TECHNIQUE
BACTERICIDAL Capable of killing or destroying bacteria
Bloodborne Pathogens Pathogens carried in the bloodstream
BSI-Body Substance Isolation Procedures, equipment and supplies used to prevent the transimission of communicable disease by preventing direct contact with all body substances such as blood,body fulids,drainage from wounds, feces, urine, sputum, and saliva
Carrier Person who has the capacity to transmit of disease and is usually unaware of infection
CDC - Center for Disease Control Agency of the Public Health Operating Division of the US Department of Health and Human Services that studies and monitors disease and disease prevention and works to protect public health and safety
Cilla Hairlike processes projecting from the epithelial cells
Contamination Making a sterile field unclean or having pathogens placed in it
Dermis Middle layer of the skin
Epidermis outermost layer of the skin
Epithelial Pertaining to the epithelium (cells covering the external and internal surfaces of the body)
Follicle Small hollow or cavity with secretory functions (eg hair follicl, ovarian follicle,gastric folloile, etc.)
Fomites Nonliving objects that may transmit infectious material
Homeostasis Interactions between body systemsthat maintains optimum body function
Immunity Ability to resist disease
Incubation Period of time between exposure to infection and the appearance of symptoms
Infection Invasions of the body by a pathogenic microorganism
Integumentary Pertaining to the skin, hair, and nails
Keratinocyte Any skin cell that produces keratin, the hard protein material found in the skin, hair and nailes
Medical Asepsis The practice of reducing the number of pathogens and the transmission of disease; AKA Clean Technique
Microorganism Organism than can be viewed under a microscope, but not by the naked eye
Nonpathogen Harmless organism that does not cause disease
nosocomial infection Infection resulting from the hospitalization of a patient
PPE - Personal Protective Equipment Protective clothing and equipment such as gloves,gowns,and masks that are one to prevent contamination by blood and others body fluids
Phagocytosis The engulfing and destruction of microorganisms of foreign matter by phagocytic cells
Prodromal Period between earliest symptoms and appearance of physical sign, such as fever or rash
Standard Precautions Precautions that replace body substance isolation and universal precautions in institutional health care settings such as hospitals and nursing homes;
Sterile Free from pathogens and all microorganisms
Supcutaneous Tissue Deepest layer of the skin
Transmission Based Precautions Based on symptoms of diseases and transmissions method of the pathogen; such as contact, droplet, air, vector, or common vehicle
Universal Precautions The CDC's orginal guidelines for preventing the transmission of AIDs and other blood-borne diseases
Created by: spoon6464