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EHR2 Ch2

SPSONSI Electronic Health Records - Chapter 2

HIPAA Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 - established standards for accountability, confidentiality and protection of personal health information (PHI) transported electronically.
CHI Consolidated Health Informatics - 2003 a federal government initiative that seeks to provide adoption of health information interoperability standards for health VOCABULARY STANDARDS and MESSAGING STANDARDS.
CCHIT Certification Comission for Health Information Technology - non-government organization that credentials EHR programs.
PHI Protected Health Information - protection under HIPAA of any past, presnt or future medical and mental health condition in any form, whether oral or recorded.
HL7 Health Level Seven - MESSAGING AND VOCABULARY standard for demographic information, units of measure, immunizations, clinical encounters for text-based reports. (i.e. scheduling, orders, tests, admittances, discharges, and transfers).
NCPDP National Council on Presription Drug Programs - standards for the transfer of data to and from retail pharmacies (i.e. prescriptions, services, rebates, ID cards).
IEEE 1073 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers - international organization for the advancement of technology related to electricity. 1073 format is Point of Care Medical Device Communication Device Standards for interoperability among medical devices.
DICOM Digital Imaging Communications in Medicine - enables x-rays and diagnostic images to be accessed and transferred from various manufacturers devices and workstations.
LOINC Laboratory Logical Observation Identifier Name Codes - standards for the electronic transfer of clinical laboratory results.
SNOMED-CT Systemized Nomenclature of Medicine Clinical Terms - standard terminology that enables a consistent way of capturing, sharing, and aggregating health data across specialties (i.e. laboratory results, anatomy, diagnosis, medical problems and nursing).
FDA Food and Drug Administration - medication standards for medication names, codes for ingredients, dosage forms, drug products and medication packaging.
NLOM National Library of Medicine - set descriptions of clinical drugs and drug classifications. RxNORM
HUGN Human Genome Nomenclature - standards for the transfer of information about the role of genes in biomedical research.
EPA Environmental Protection Agency - standards for nonmedicinal chemicals important to health care through the Substance Registry System.
MIPPA Medicare Improvements for Patients and Providers Act - enacted by Congress in 2008 provides positive incentives for practitioners that use e-prescribing (ability to transmit prescriptions and alerts electronically).
Created by: lsoto