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MT 2nd Trimester Rev

LOM 2nd Trimester Review

Pulmonary Vein Carries oxygenated blood towards the heart from the lungs
Pulmonary Artery Carries deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs
Aorta largest artery in the body
Pericardium saclike membrane surrounding the heart
Endocardium a smooth layer of endothelial cells, lines the interior of the heart
Cardiomegaly enlarged heart
Cardiomyopathy Disease of heart muscle
Endocarditis inflammation of the interior lining of the heart
Bundle of His specialized muscle fibers that receives the electrical impulse from the atrioventricular node (AV).
Phlebitis inflammation of a vein
Atherosclerosis accumulation of fatty plaque in an artery (narrowing of an artery)
Cyanosis bluish discoloration of the skin
Jaundice yellowish discoloration of the skin
Deep-vein thrombosis blood clot forms in a large lower limb vessel
aortic stenosis narrowing of the aorta
Mitral Valve Prolapse Improper closure of the mitral valve
Endarterectomy removal of plaque from the inner lining of an artery
Ventriculotomy Surgical cut into the Ventricle
Aneurysmectomy removal of a vessel that has an aneurysm.
Dermis middle layer of the skin, contains collagen fibers, hair follicles, sebaceous glands and sweat glands
epidermis top layer of the skin
subcutaneous tissue lies under the dermis, fat layer (adipocytes), contains blood vessels
Cutane/o combining form for skin
Dermat/o combining form for skin
Derm/o combing form for skin
Adip/o combining form for fat
Trichomycosis fungal infection of the hair
wheal hive; smooth, edematous (swollen) papule or plaque that is redder or paler than the surrounding skin
Macule Flat lesion measuring less that 1cm in diameter (freckles)
Ulcer Open sore on the skin or mucous membranes (deeper than an erosion).
pruritus itching
Alopecia absence of hair from areas where it normally grows
Petechiae small pinpoint hemorrhage (hickie)
Leukoplakia white patches on a mucous membrane of tongue or cheek
Psoriasis Chronic, recurrent dermatosis marked by itchy, scaly, red plaques covered by silvery gray scales
Tinea Infection of the skin caused by a fungus (ring worm, athlete's foot)
Bones of the face Mandible, vomer, maxilla and zygomatic bones
Bones of the skull Parietal, frontal, sphenoid, ethmoid, temporal and occipital
Humeral pertaining to the upper arm bone
Tibial pertaining to the Larger lower leg bone
Radial pertaining to the larger forearm bone (towards thumb)
Ulnar pertaining to the smaller forearm bone (towards pinky)
Osteomyelitis inflammation of bone and bone marrow
Multiple myeloma many tumors of the bone marrow
Osteoporosis decrease in bone density(mass); thinning and weakening of bone
Arthroplasty surgical repair of the joint
Tenorraphy suture (stitches) of the tendon
Achondroplasia inherited condition in which the bones of the arms and legs fail to grow to normal size because of a defect in cartilage and bone formation (Dwarfism)
Atrophy Wasting away (no development) of muscle
Hypertrophy excessive growth of muscle
Myalgia pain of the muscles
Polymyalgia pain of many muscles
arthritis inflammation of the joint
osteomalacia softening of the bone
glomerular pertaining to the small balls of capillaries in the kidney
ureter tube leading from the kidney to the bladder
Renal pelvis collecting chamber in the kidney
Anuria no urine production
Oligouria scanty urination (small amount of urine production)
Nocturia urination in the middle of the night
Polyuria "many urines" excessive urination
pyuria pus in the urine
ureterocele hernia of the tube connecting the kidney to the urinary bladder
Urethrostomy creation of an opening to the outside of the body from the urethra
Ureteroileostomy New opening of the ureters to a segment of ileum (in place of the bladder)
Urinary incontinence unable to hold urine (leakage)
Urinary retention urine is held in the bladder even after urination
Nephrosclerosis hardening of blood vessels in the kidney
Nephroptosis prolapse of the kidney
Lithotripsy Shock waves to crush urinary tract stones
Urinary Catheterization Passage of a flexible, tubular instrument through the urethra into the urinary bladder
Mediastinum space between the lungs in the chest
Peritoneum lining (membrane) surrounding the organs of the peritoneum (abdomen)
Trachea windpipe
Pharyngectomy removal of the throat
laryngectomy removal of the voicebox
Esophagectomy removal of the esophagus
hypoxemia medical term for the condition of decreased oxygen in the blood
Paroxysmal pertaining to a sudden occurrence, such as a spasm, or seizure, used to describe asthma symptoms
Hemoptysis spitting up blood
dyspnea difficulty breathing
Tachypnea fast breathing
anosmia without smell
Atelectasis collapsed lung
Pneumonitis inflammation of the lung
Endotracheal pertaining to the mouth, pharynx, larynx, and trachea
Endotracheal intubation placing a tube through the mouth to the trachea to establish an airway
Thoracentesis surgical puncture into the chest (Thorax)
Tracheostomy creation of a surgical opening into the trachea
Tracheotomy incision (cut) of the windpipe
COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases - Airway obstruction associated with emphysema and chronic bronchitis
rhinoplasty surgical repair of the nose
rhinorrhea runny nose
epistaxis bloody nose
rhinitis inflammation of the nose
Hypertension high blood pressure
Pericarditis inflammation of the membrane surrounding the heart
aneurysm local widening of an arterial wall (could result in rupture)
Varicose Viens Abnormally swollen and twisted veins, usually occurring in the legs
murmur extra heart sound heard between normal beats
vasoconstriction narrowing of a vessel
vasodilation increase in diameter of a vessel
cyst thick-walled, closed sac containing fluid or semisolid material
crust collection of dried serum and cellular debris
wheal smooth edematous area that is redder and paler than surrounding skin
fissure groove or crack-like sore
pustule papule containing pus
vesicle small collection of clear fluid (blister)
flexion bending a limb
extension extending a limb
abduction movement away from midline of the body
adduction movement toward the midline of the body
rotation circular movement around an axis
supination turning palm up
pronation turning palm down
hematuria blood in urine
glycosuria sugar in the urine
pyuria pus in the urine
diabetes insipidus Antidiuretic hormone is not secreted adequately, or the kidney is resistant to its effect
diabetes mellitus insulin is not secreted adequately or not used properly in the body
dialysis process of separating nitrogenous waste material from the blood using a dialysis machine (kidney failure)
bilirubinuria bilirubin in the urine
atria upper chambers of the heart
ventricles lower chambers of the heart
vena cava largest vein in the body
capillaries smallest vessels in the body - where exchange takes place
diastole relaxation of the heart
systole contraction of the heart
sphygmomanometer instrument used to take a blood pressure
fibrillation very rapid,random,inefficient and irregular contractions of the heart (350 or more per min)
CHF - congestive heart failure heart is unable to pump its required amount of blood
embolism presence of a mass of foreign material that cause a blockage in a vessel
ischemia lack of blood flow to an area
necrosis death of tissue
defibrillation brief discharges of electricity applied across the chest to stop dysrhythmia(AED)
auscultation listening to sounds within the body
sputum material expelled from the bronchi, lungs or upper respiratory tract by spitting
asthma Chronic bronchial inflammatory disorder with airway obstruction due to bronchial edema and constriction and increased mucus production
Chronic bronchitis inflammation of bronchi persisting over a long time; type of COPD
emphysema hyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls
pulmonary embolism clot or other material lodges in vessels of the lung
onychomycosis fungus infection of the nail
ecchymosis bluish-purple mark (bruise) on the skin
gangrene death of tissue associated with loss of blood supply
malignant melanoma cancerous growth composed of melanocytes
Created by: mscardenas