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Chp 22 ; ♥


Anaphylactic Shock life-threatening, hypersensitive reaction to food or drugs.
Bacteriostatic stopping or controlling the growth of bacteria
Buccal Medication medication placed in the mouth next to the cheek
Chemical Name the description of the chemical structure of the drug
Chemotherapy treatment of diseases using drugs that have a specific deadly effect
Contraindication special symptom or circumstance that indicates that the use of a drug or procedure is dangerous, not advised, or has not been proven safe.
Controlled Substances drugs that have a potential for abuse
Cumulation drug level begins the accumulate in the body with repeated doses because the drug is not completely excreted from the body before another dose is given.
Desired Effect the effect that was intended.
Drug substance that when taken into the body may modify one or more of its functions
Drug Effect describes the change that takes place in the body in result of the drug action
Drug Enforcement Administration gov. agency responsible for administering and enforcing the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act with the US
Food, Drug, & Cosmetic Act law that regulates the quality, purity, potency, effectiveness, safety, labeling, and packaging of food, drug, & cosmetic products
Generic Name name established when the drug is first manufactured
Hospital Formulary reference book that lists all of the drugs commonly stocked in the hospital pharmacy
Hypotension low blood pressure
Idiosyncrasy unusual, inappropriate response to a drug or to the usual effective dose of a drug.
Inhalation Medication medication is sprayed or breathed into the nose, throat, and lungs.
Initial Dose the first dose of a medication
Intradermal Medication medication inserted just beneath the epidermis using a syringe and needle.
Intramuscular Medication medication injected directly into the muscle
Intravenous Medication Medication injected directly into the vein, entering the bloodstream immediately
Local Effect a response confined to a specific part of the body
Maintenance Dose dose of a med that will keep the concentration of the medication in the bloodstream at the desired level
Official Name generic name
Over the Counter (OTC) med available w/out a prescription
Package Insert info leaflet placed inside the container or package of prescription drugs
Parenteral Medication any route of administration not involving the gastrointestinal tract
Pharmacist one who is licensed to prepare and dispense drugs
Pharmacodynamics the study of how drugs interact in the human body
Pharmacology field of medicine that specializes in the study of drugs, including their sources, appearance, chemistry, actions, and uses.
Pharmacy a place for preparing or dispensing drugs.
Physicians' Desk Reference reference book that provides the same info found in package inserts that accompany each container of medication.
Potency strength
Potentiation effect that occurs when 2 drugs administered together produce a more powerful response than the sum of their individual effects.
Rectal Medication medication inserted into the rectum & slowly absorbed into the mucous membrane lining of the rectum.
Route Of Administration the method of introducing a medication into the body
Side Effect additional effect on the body by a drug that was not part of the goal for that med.
Standards rules that have been established to control the strength, quality, and purity of meds prepared by various manufacturers.
Subcutaneous Medication med injected into the subcutaneous layer, or fatty tissue, of the skin.
Sublingual Medication med placed under the tongue, where it dissolves in the patient's saliva and is quickly absorbed through the mucous membrane lining the mouth
Systemic Effect generalized response to a drug by the body.
Tachycardia rapid heartbeat
Therapeutic Dose dose of a med that achieves the desired effect
Tolerance the body's decreased response to the effect of a drug after repeated dosages.
Topical Medication med applied directly to the skin or mucous membrane for a local effect to the area.
Toxicology study of poisons, their detection, their effects, and establishing antidotes and methods of treatment for conditions they produce and prevention of poisoning.
Trade Name brand name copyrighted by a pharmaceutical company
Vaginal Medication med inserted into the vagina
Oral given by mouth
Transdermal method of applying a drug to unbroken skin
Analgesic relieves pain
Schedule I not considered to be legitimate for medical use in the US (marijuana, LSD, heroin)
Schedule II high potential for abuse or addiction. these drugs must be ordered by written prescription and cannot be refilled without a new, written prescription. (morphine, cocaine, codeine)
Schedule III have moderate potential for abuse or addiction. prescription expires in 6 months. (tylenol with codeine, butisol, hycodan)
Schedule V small potential abuse or addiction. some of these drugs may not need a prescription. (robitussin)
Controlled Substances Act the federal law concerned with the manufacture, distribution, and dispensing of controlled substances. these drugs have the potential of being abused and of causing physical or psychological dependence.
First Dose initial dose
First-Dose Effect undesired effect of a med that occurs within 30 - 90 min after administration of the first dose
Drug Action how a drug produces changes within the body
Created by: kmariemurray