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Test ch 3&4

Gastro & Pulmonlolgy

Deglutition Moves food into the throat and pharynx
EGD esophagogastroduodenoscopy
Cystic Duct all of the bile ducts are "collectively" known as the BILIARY TREE. Bile produced by the liver flows through the common hepatic duct and into the common bile duct to the duodenum. When the duct is full, bile flows into the cystic duct & gallbladder.
Emesis AKA Vomit. Happens when impulses are triggered from the stomach or inner ear stimulate the vomiting center in the brain.
Steatorrhea Greasy, frothy, foul-smelling feces that contain undigested fats. There is not enough of the enzyme lipase b/c of pancreatic disease or cystic fibrosis.
Diverticulum Weakness in the wall of the colon where the mucosa forms a pouch or tube. It can be caused by eating a low-fat diet, that forms small, compact feces.
Hepatomegaly Enlargement of the liver due to cirrhosis, hepatitis or cancer
Pancreatitis Inflammation or infection of the pancreas. Inflammation occurs when a gallstone blocks the lower common bile duct and pancreatic enzymes back up into the pancreas. It can also be due to chronic alcoholism.
Swallowing Aka deglutition, moves food into the throat and pharynx
Colonic Polyps Small, fleshy, benign or precancerous growth in the mucosa of the colon.
IBS Irritable Bowel Syndrome. Disorder of the function of the colon, although the mucosa of the colon never shows any visible signs of inflammation
Inguinal hernia Hernia in the groin. Weakness in the muscle of the diaphragm or abdominal wall
Hepatoma "liver; tumor/mass" Cancerous tumor of the liver. liver cancer
PEG Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy
Protein Albumin Test for albumin, the major protein molecule in the blood. If albumin level is low it's from poor protein intake.
Absence of Peristalsis Peristalsis - the esophagus moves food toward the stomach.
Vomiting Expelled food or chyme see EMESIS
Appendicitis Inflammation and infection of the appendix. Undigested material becomes trapped in the lumen of the appendix
Intussusception Telescoping of one segment of intestine inside the lumen of the next segment. The intestine folds back on itself in the same way that one part of a telescope slides into the other. Stops blood flow.
Volvulus The intestine becomes twisted. Stops blood flow.
BRBPR Bright Red Blood Per Rectum
Anastomosis The suturing of one blood vessel to another. "create an opening between two structures; condition, abnormal condition"
Haustra "Puckered Pouches" That are on the walls of the large intestine that can greatly expand as needed.
Created by: nolanmama06