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Cultural AnthroMFH

Mirror for Humanity Chp.5

QuestionAnswer
Agriculture Nonindustrial system of plant cultivation characterized by continuous and intensive use of land and labor
Balanced Reciprocity/Generalized Reciprocity Principle that characterizes exchanges between closely related individuals. As social distance increases, reciprocity becomes balanced and finally negative.
Band The basic unit of social organization among foragers. A band includes fewer than one hundred people; it often splits up seasonally.
Correlation An association between two or more variables such that when one changes (varies), the other also changes.
Economy A population's system of production, distribution, and consumption of resources.
Market Principle Profit-oriented principle of exchange that dominates in states, particularly industrial states. Goods and services are bought and sold, and values are determined by supply and demand.
Horticulture Nonindustrial system of plant cultivation in which plots lie fallow for varying lengths of time.
Means(or factors) of production Land, labor, technology, and capital-major productive resources.
Mode of production Way of organizing production--a set of social relations through from nature by means of tools,skills, and knowledge.
Nomadism, Pastoral constant movement in pursuit of strategic resources.
Pastoral Nomadism Movement throughout the year by the whole pastoral group (men, women, children) with their animals.
Pastoralists People who use a food-producing strategy of adaptation based pm care of herds pf domestication animals.
Peasants Small-scale agriculturist living in a state, with rent fund obligations.
Potlatch Competitive feast among Indians on the North Pacific Coast of North America.
Reciprocity One of the three principles of exchange. Governs exchange between social equals; major exchange mode in band and tribal societies.
Reciprocity Continuum Regarding exchanges,a range running from generalized reciprocity through balanced reciprocity to negative reciprocity.
Redistribution Major exchange mode of cheifdoms, many archaic states, and some states with managed economies.
Transhumance One of two variants of pastoralism; part of the population moves seasonally with the herds while the other part remains in home villages.
Created by: cyntavia
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