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phm 316 ch 14

abdomin/o abdomen
celi/o abdomen
lapar/o abdomen
an/o anus
appendic/o appendix
bil/i bile
chol/e bile
bucc/o cheek
cheil/o lip
col/o colon
colon/o colon
cyst/o bladder or sac
dent/i teeth
doch/o duct
duoden/o duodenum
enter/o small intestine
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach
gingiv/o gum
gloss/o tongue
lingu/o tongue
hepat/o liver
hepatic/o liver
herni/o hernia
ile/o ileum
inguin/o groin
jejun/o jejunum (empty)
lith/o stone
or/o mouth
stomat/o mouth
pancreat/o pancreas
peritone/o peritoneum
phag/o eat or swallow
proct/o anus and rectum
sial/o saliva
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
steat/o fat
-emesis vomiting
oral cavity cavity that receives food for digestions
salivary glands three pairs of exocrine glands in the mouth that secrete saliva: parotid, submandibular(submaxillary) and sublingual
cheeks lateral walls of the mouth
lips fleshy structures surrounding the mouth
palate structure that forms the roof of the mouth; it is divided into the hard and soft palate
uvula small projection hanging from the back of the middle edge of the soft pallate
tongue muscular structure of the floor of the mouth covered by mucous membrane and held down by a band-like membrane known as the frenulum
gums tissue covering the processes of the jaws
teeth hard, bony projections in the jaws that serve to masticate food
pharynx throat; passageway for food traveling to the esophagus and air traveling to the larynx
esophagus muscular tube that moves food from the pharynx to the stomach
stomach sac-like organ that chemically mixes and prepares food received from the esophagus
cardiac sphincter opening from the esophagus to the stomach
pyloric sphincter opening of the stomach into the duodenum
small intestine tubular structure that digests food received from the stomach
duodenum first portion of small intestine
jejunum second part of small intestine
ileum third part of the small intestine
large intestine large tubular structure that receives the liquid waste products of digestion, reabsorbs water and minerals and forms and stores feces for defecation
cecum first part of the large intestine
vermiform appendixe worm-like projection of lymphatic tissue hanging off the cecum with no digestive function. may serve to resist infection
colon portion of the large intestine extending from the cecum to the rectum; identified by direction and shape
ascending colon portion that extends upward from the cecum
transverse colon portion that extends across from the ascending colon
descending colon portion that extends down from the transverse colon
sigmoid colon portion that terminates at the rectum, resembles an s
rectum distal portion of the large intestine
rectal ampulla dilated portion of the rectum, just above the anal canal
anus opening of the rectum to the outside of the body
feces refuse, solid waste formed in the large intestine
defecation evacuation of feces from the rectum
peritoneum membrane surrounding the entire abdominal cavity consisting of the parietal layer(lining abdomen wall) and visceral layer (covering each organ of the abdomen)
peritoneal cavity space between the parietal and visceral peritoneum
omentum a covering, an extension of the peritoneum attached to the stomach and connecting it with other abdominal organs
liver organ in the upper right quadrant that produces bile which is secreted into the duodenum during digestion
gallbladder receptacle that stores and concentrates the bile produced in the liver
pancreas gland that secretes pancreatic juices into the duodenum where it mixes with bile to digest food
biliary ducts ducts that convey bile, including hepatic, cystic, and common bile ducts
hypochondriac regions upper lateral regions beneath the ribs
epigastric region upper middle region below the sternum
lumbar regions middle lateral regions
umbilical region region of the navel
inguinal regions lower lateral groin regions
hypogastric region region below the navel
anorexia loss of appetite
aphagia inability to swallow
ascites accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity
buccal in the cheek
constipation infrequent or incomplete bowel movements characterized by hardened, dry stool that is difficult to pass
diarrhea frequent, loose or liquid stools
dyspepsia indigestion
dysphagia difficulty swallowing
eructation belch
flatulence gas in the stomach or intestines
halitosis bad breath
hematochezia red blood in the stool
hematemesis vomiting blood
hepatomegaly enlargement of the liver
hyperbilirubinemia excessive level of bilirubin in the blood
icterus yellow discoloration of the skin, sclera, and other tissues caused by excessive bilirubin in the blood
jaundice yellow discoloration of the skin, sclera, and other tissues caused by excessive bilirubin in the blood
melena dark-colored, tarry stool caused by old blood
nausea sick in the stomach
stetorrhea feces containing fat
sublingual under the tongue
hypoglossal under the tongue
Created by: HugsAndKisses