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1-27 APworldkeyterms

Apodaca, Richard 1st 1-27 AP World Key terms

QuestionAnswer
Prehistory – no written documents; History: written proof of history Prehistory vs. history
Social etiquette, religion, education, literature Features of civilization
Austrolopithecus, homo habilis, homo erectus, homo sapiens Stages of hominid development
Humans originated from Africa and proliferated vs. originated from Africa but multiple geographical locations first 100 million years “Out of Africa” thesis vs. multiregional thesis
Old Stone Age Paleolithic Era
New Stone Age Neolithic Era
A group of people sharing common ancestry Family units, clans, tribes
Nomadic, small communities and population, no political system, economic distribution is more equal Foraging societies
Move place to place according to environment; adapts to environment Nomadic hunters/gatherers
Period of time where Earth was covered partly in ice Ice Age
Changes when agriculture started Civilization
Farming uses; start of agriculture Neolithic Revolution
Farming system where animals are taken to different locations in order to find fresh pastures Domestication of plants and animals
Slash-and-burn; once land is depleted, moved on to let soil recover Nomadic pastoralism
Farmers that migrate instead of settling after using up the land. Migratory farmers
Live with husband’s family. Traced through father’s lineage Partrilineal/patrilocal
replacement or supplementation of rainfall with water from another source in order to grow crops Irrigation systems
craft and practice of working with metals to create parts or structures. It requires skill and the use of many different types of tools Metalworking
to look at the world primarily from the perspective of one's own culture Ethnocentrism
Looking for food Foraging
Domestication of plants and animals Sedentary agriculture
process by which people take an area of land to use for agriculture, only to abandon it a short time later Shifting cultivation
Trees cut down, plots made for agriculture Slash-and-burn agriculture
System in which one belongs to mother’s lineage Matrilineal
spread of ideas and material culture, especially if these occur independently of population movement Cultural diffusion
Creative innovations of new solutions to old and new problems Independent invention
specialisation of co-operative labour in specific, circumscribed tasks and roles, intended to increase efficiency of output. Specialization of labor
Created by: Richard Apodaca