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Chapter 19

Child Health

A form of long term acquired immunity that protects the body against a new infection as the result of antibodies that develop naturally after an initial infection or artificially after a vaccination Active Acquired Immunity
The heart rate as heard with a stethoscope placed on the chest wall adjacent to the cardiac apex (top of the heart) Apical Pulse
An absence of spontaneous respiration Apnea
The body temperature as recorded by a thermometer placed in the armpit (0.5 to 1.0 degrees) Axillary Temperature
Present at birth Congenital
A common abnormal respiratory sound heard on auscultation of the chest during inspiration (bubbling) Crackles
Bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membrane Cyanosis
Baby teeth, primary teeth Deciduous Teeth
The eruption of teeth Dentition
Pertaining to or characterized by an elevated body temperature Febrile
A dry, grating sound heard with a stethoscope during auscultation Friction Rub
An increase in the whole or any of its parts physically Growth
Abnormal, short audible deep, hoarse sounds in exhalation that often accompany severe chest pain Grunting
The measurement around the greatest circumference of the head of an infant Head Circumference
A pathological condition characterized by an abnormal accumulation of CEREBROSPINAL FLUID, usually under increased pressure, within the cranial vault and subsequent dilatation of the ventricles Hydrocephalus
The quality of being insusceptible to or unaffected by a particular disease or condition Immunity
A process by which resistance to an infectious disease is induced or augmented Immunization
A child who is in the earliest stage of extrauterine life, a time extending from the first month after birth to approximately 12 months of age - when the baby is able to assume an erect posture Infant
The measurement of the distance from the crown of the infant's head to the infant's heel, while the infant is lying on the back with leg extended Length (Recumbent)
The introduction of a hollow needle and stylet into the subarachnoid space of the lumbar portion of the spinal canal to optain specimens of cerebrospinal fluid Lumbar Puncture
A congenital anomaly characterized by abnormal smallness of the head in relation to the rest of the body Microcephalus
A usually inate and premanent form of immunity to a specific disease Natural Immunity
A medical doctor who specializes in neonatology Neonatologist
The medical specialty concerned with the diseases and abnormalities of thr newborn infant Neonatology
Graphic Nomogram
An inflammation of the umbilical stump Omphalitis
Congenital herniation of intra-abdominal viscera through a defect in the abdominal wall around the umbilicus Omphalocele
Drainage from the umbilicus Omphalorrhea
The mean body temperature of a normal person as recorded by a clinical thermometer placed in the mouth Oral Temperature
Created by: AWasik74