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Early African Civili

vocabulary for chapter 13

Long deep valleys formed by the movement of the earth's crust. rifts
Africa south of the Sahara. sub-Saharan Africa
A strip of land with little rainfall that divides the desert from the wetter areas. Sahel
Open grassland with scattered trees. savannah
Moist, densely wooded areas. rain forests
A family unit that includes father, mother, children,and close relatives in one household. extended family
The belief that bodies of water, animals, trees, and other natural objects have spirits. animism
A process in which people exchange goods without contacting each other. silent barter
King of the Empire of Ghana. Tunka Manin
Founder of the Mali Empire. Sundiata
Mali's most famous king or mansa. He made a pilgrimage to Mecca. Mansa Musa
Emperor of Songhai,he conquered Mali and made Songhai into a powerful state. Sunni Ali
A spoken record of past events. oral history
Storytellers of early West Africa. griots
Short sayings of wisdom or truth. proverbs
A hand-woven, brightly colored fabric. Kente
Created by: joa.murphy