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Human Evolution Jans

QuestionAnswer
Classification (by thing) Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
Paleoanthropologist study human evolution (Richard Leaky, Mary Leaky, Raymond Dart)
Evidence for human evolution DNA, skeletal fossils, cultural evidence, protein sequences, mtDNA
Animal Kingdom multicellular, Eukaryotic, ingestive heterotrophs
What Phylum are we? Chordata
Chordata throat pouches, tail beyond anus, dorsal nerve cord
Our subphylum? Vertibrates
Our class? Mammals
Mammals hair, warm blooded, beathe air, 4 chambered heart
Our order? Primates
Primates 5 digits, sensitive flat nails, 3D binocular vision, social
2 types of Primates Prosimians, Anthropoids
Which type of primate are we? Anthropoids
Our family? homonid
Homonid biped, good climbers, sexual dimorphism, opposible thumbs, large brain
Anthropoids evolved into 3 groups? New World Monkeys, Old world Monkeys, Homonids
Hominoid superfamily (apes + humans)
Hominid family, Homo Sapien only one left
Different theories for human migration? multiregional model and out of Africa model
Sahelanthropus tchadensis mix of ape and human, "toumai", v FIRST
Ardipithecus ramidu mix of human and ape, last common ancestor of chimps and humans, first bipedal, v SECOND
Australopithecus afarensis "Lucy", lactoli footprints, brains same as chimps but more developed, bipedal human like pelvis + leg bones, v THIRD
Australopithecus africanus bipedal, protruding face, v FOURTH
Homo habilis used tools, "Handy Man", culture, v FIFTH
Homo erectus "upright man", used fir and lived in caves, sophisticated tools, "Thinking Machine", carnivores, v SIXTH
Homo sapiens neanderthalensis larger than human brain, robust, 27 DNA differences with modern humans
Homo sapiens sapiens: Cro-Magnon modern human, coexisted with neanderthals, more migration due to ice age, artwork is milestone separating old from new
Does evolution happen on demand? no
2 categories of what creatures become when environments change specialist and generalist
what did the Homo erectus sound like? a baby
what 3 homonids lived simultaneously? neanderthals, Homo erectus, Homo sapiens
stereoscopic vision 3d vision
Created by: unknownstudent
Popular Anthropology sets

 

 



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